What is SocioCybernetics?
Sociocybernetics can be defined as “Systems Science in Sociology and Other Social Sciences” - systems science, because sociocybernetics is not limited to theory but includes application, empirical research, methodology, axiology (i.e., ethics and value research), and epistemology. In general use, “systems theory” and “cybernetics” are frequently interchangeable or appear in combination. Hence, they can be considered as synonyms, although the two terms come from different traditions and are not used uniformly in different languages and national traditions.
Sociocybernetics includes both what are called first order cybernetics and second order cybernetics. Cybernetics, according to Wiener´s original definition, is the science of “control and communication in the animal and the machine”. Heinz von Foerster went on to distinguish a first order cybernetics, “the study of observed systems”, and a second order cybernetics, “the study of observing systems”. Second order cybernetics is explicitly based on a constructivist epistemology and is concerned with issues of self-reference, paying particular attention to the observer-dependence of knowledge, including scientific theories. In the interdisciplinary and holistic spirit of systems science, although sociology is clearly at the centre of interest of sociocybernetics, the other social sciences, such as psychology, anthropology, political science, economics, are addressed as well, with emphases depending on the particular research question to be dealt with.
RC51 lives and takes its particular strength from face-to-face interaction and intensive personal discussions occur in the more intimate setting of the International Conferences of Sociocybernetics: Kolimbari, Greece - Panticosa, Spain - León, Mexico - Corfu, Greece - Lisbon, Portugal - Maribor, Slovenia – Murcia, Spain – Mexico City - Urbino
was founded in 1980 as an ISA Ad Hoc Group by Francisco Parra-Luna, who organized its sessions at subsequent World Congresses of Sociology (1982, 1986, 1990, 1994). The group became first a Thematic Group of the ISA, then a Working Group and in 1992 again a Thematic Group for lack of activities. In 1995 it was reactivated under the leadership of Felix Geyer, and the first board was elected with Kenneth Bailey, USA, as President and Felix Geyer, the Netherlands, as Secretary. The group – now with the label “sociocybernetics” – was re-recognized by the ISA first as a Working Group and at the 1998 World Congress of Sociology in Montreal as a Research Committee. It grew from some 30 members in early 1995 to about 140 members at the time of the 2002 World Congress of Sociology in Brisbane. At that point about half of these members were also individual members of the parent association ISA.
to its members a Newsletter which was started in 1996 and a peer-reviewed electronic journal, The Journal of Sociocybernetics. This journal has been published by RC51 since 2000 on the RC51 website. It is complemented by Cybernetics & Human Knowing, <http://www.imprint.co.uk/>, which has become RC51’s second official journal. This website of RC51, hosted by the University of Zaragoza, Spain, provides detailed information about up-coming and past activities. It makes available bibliographic information and includes abstracts and papers presented by members of RC51 since 1998 both in the World Congresses of Sociology (held every four years) and in the International Conferences of Sociocybernetics which, since 1999, have been held in the years between the World Congresses.