"Schuman Plan" was the basis for the subsequent 1950-51
IGC and the first step towards European integration. The historical
at the University of Leiden and the european
navigator contain further preparatory materials from this time
The Schuman Plan was approved by the French Government late in the
morning of 9 May 1950. The reactions to the French proposals
were mixed, while some sceptics saw in them a new cartel between
steel-mill owners, others believed they represented American control
over Europe, particularly given the open support for the Plan expressed
by the American High Commissioner for Germany, John McCloy. The
Communists saw it as the first step towards a new declaration of
war against the Soviet bloc.
general, however, public opinion was favourable towards Robert Schuman’s
declaration, even if the full significance of the Plan was difficult to
grasp. At diplomatic level, despite some technical problems, the European
countries that had been approached had no wish to be left on the sidelines
of the building of Europe.
Schuman Plan - 6/5/1950 Final draft of plan (french)
Schuman Plan - 9/5/1950 English translation of the text of Schuman's
radio announcement of the French -German pool for coal and steel.
Reactions to the declaration:
adoptée par la Commission des Affaires européennes de la
Chambre de commerce internationale, 21/11/1950. (French) (PDF)
Debate in the German Parliament in Bonn, 13/06/1950. (German) (PDF)