footprint
Introducción a la literatura inglesa
3º de Grado en Lenguas Modernas (UZ)
José Angel García Landa garciala@unizar.es
Curso 2015-2016
Guía docente de la asignatura - 30432      
Dirección de esta web: http://bit.ly/litingl
Horario de tutorías (Despacho 45a de Filología) - 2º cuatr.
Lunes, martes y miércoles, de 12 a 13,30; miércoles de  19,30 a 21h.










Iré poniendo notas provisionales conforme estén disponibles, aquí abajo. Me han dicho diversas personas que os informé mal en clase sobre la puntuación de las preguntas erróneas, así que, aunque constaba en la web, reviso ese criterio, y no descontaré puntuación por fallos.



Nombre
Trabajo 1
Trabajo 2
Test
Tema
Texto
Clase
Global








Alda
2,5
2,0
1,2
0,2
2,0
0,2
5,7
Ariño
2,0
1,8
0,6
0,8
5,8
1,0
7,8
Ballester
1,8
1,9
0,6
1,2
2,0
0,3
5,2
Baranguán

3,0



0,6
NP
Casabona
1,8
1,5
0,3
0,3
2,6
0,8
5,1
Ezquerro
2,7
1,5
0,6
1,8
4,0
0,9
7,7
Gabarrús
2,1
3,0
0,9
0,8
3,0
0,7
7,7
Giménez
2,2
2,0



0,0
NP
González
2,0
2,0
0,6
0,8
3,2
0,5
6,4
Luque
2,0
1,7
0,6
1,5
1,8
0,1
5,2
Mora


1,2
0,7
4,3
0,0
6,2
Orduna





0,0
NP
Pérez
2,2
2,0
0,9
0,7
2,0
0,0
5,6
Ravaytite
3,0
1,2
0,8
1,0
2,0
0,4
6.1





































Para seguir en contacto con la literatura inglesa y norteamericana....

... se puede curiosear por Internet, que es donde estáis, ahora, y por la biblioteca a la que llegáis en unos minutos. Algunas cosillas de nivel avanzado:

Un documental audio sobre David Foster Wallace, uno de los escritores norteamericanos más interesantes hacia el año 2000.  (Sobre David Foster Wallace estrenan en enero una película, The End of the Tour: http://www.redaragon.com/ocio/cine/pelicula.asp?id=30578 ). También: David Foster Wallace para principiantes.

—una entrevista con Philip Roth, escritor judío americano perpetuo candidato al Nobel:

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/books/review/my-life-as-a-writer.html


También podéis seguir la sección de literatura de mi blog.





___________

El examen será el 4 febrero, a las 8,30, en el aula 403; durará 3 horas.

Recordad la estructura que dijimos para el examen:
- unas preguntas breves o de elección múltiple, sobre contenidos del programa o sobre las lecturas obligatorias.
- un tema a elegir entre dos: o bien una perspectiva panorámica a un género o una época, o bien una introducción a uno de los principales autores y sus obras (y figra, géneros, contexto, ideología, influencia, etc.) . Para tema, sólo entran los autores hasta 1900.
- un comentario de texto, o traducción del mismo (sin diccionario)
- El examen es en inglés.  Si se se redacta en español el tema, contará sólo la mitad.

Los autores del siglo XX, los de la sección B, que no hemos visto en clase, NO ENTRARAN COMO TEMA PARA EXAMEN NI PARA COMENTARIO. Aunque alguna pregunta corta sí entrará sobre estos autores modernos.

- El examen podrá incluir preguntas cortas (multiple choice) de todo el programa. Ver a pie de página (en el programa) los autores principales que entran como objeto de TEMA, marcados en negrita. El comentario podrá incluir cualquier texto de la sección A, las lecturas anteriores a 1900.


Para más detalles sobre la evaluación y criterios de corrección, ver aquí.






Nuestro último autor visto en clase, Henry James:


HENRY JAMES         (1843-1916)


_____. Roderick Hudson. Novel. 1876.
_____. The American. Novel. 1877.
_____.  The Europeans: A Sketch. 1878.
_____. Daisy Miller. Novella. 1879.
_____. The Portrait of a Lady. Novel. 1881.
_____. Washington Square. Novel. 1881.
_____. The Aspern Papers. Novel. Atlantic (March-May 1888).
_____. The Bostonians. 1886.
_____. The Princess Cassamassima. Novel. 1886. .
_____. "The Real Thing." Story.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2715/pg2715.html
_____. "The Middle Years." Story. 1893.
_____. Guy Domville. Play. 1895.
_____. "The Figure in the Carpet." Story.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/645
_____. The Spoils of Poynton. Novel. 1897.
_____. What Maisie Knew. Novel. 1897.
_____. The Turn of the Screw. Novel. Collier's (January-April 1898).
_____. The Awkward Age. Novel. 1899.
_____. The Wings of the Dove. Novel. 1902.
_____. The Ambassadors. Novel. 1903.
_____. The Golden Bowl. Novel. 1904.
_____. "The Jolly Corner." Story. In James, The Ghostly Tales.
_____. Notes on Novelists. 1914.
_____. A Small Boy and Others. Memoir.
_____. The Middle Years. Memoir. Online at Project Gutenberg.*
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/32649/32649-h/32649-h.htm
_____. 
The Art of the Novel: Critical Essays
. 1934.


 Henry James, US/British novelist and essayist; b. New York, son of Henry James, Sr.; brother of William and Alice James; irregular international education, st. law at Harvard; writer for US periodicals, friend of W. D. Howells; l. Britain 1875-, 1st London, 1898 moved to Rye; unmarried, repressed homosexual, no sentimental attachments, inveterate socialite; author of psychological novels, theorist of narrative point of view and the art of fiction.



Richard Gray, a chapter on American 19th-c. realism and Henry James: Capturing the Real Thing.


_______________________

NIVEL AVANZADO: 

A film by James Ivory based on  THE BOSTONIANS
- with Spanish subtitles.








On Henry James and the art of fiction: Narrative perspective and psychological realism: On Henry James's Theory of the Novel

________________________



















La última semana la dedicaremos a los últimos autores americanos del siglo XIX que destacamos: Whitman, Mark Twain, y Henry James.  Traed los textos a clase.

Un texto en red de The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Insisto, —ahora que tenéis tiempo, por favor, haced las encuestas online de la asignatura, que nos las exigen en la Universidad. Cuesta cinco minutos, aquí.



Para estudio propio quedan la sección B, y los últimos autores ingleses del XIX, que no hemos visto en clase. Incluiremos aquí materiales sobre todos, pero recordad que tenéis un manual.




Uno de los manuales recomendados, el de Alexander: https://books.google.es/books?id=-AEdBQAAQBAJ


______________________


SECCIÓN B:


Algo sobre Harold Pinter, y un poquito más sobre el teatro desde los 60, con Pinter y Stoppard. Y unas notas sobre Salman Rushdie.


Vamos terminando la sección B incluida en el programa con unas palabras sobre literatura norteamericana desde 1960-, mencionando a:

John Barth,

Anne Sexton,

—y a Toni Morrison.





______________________


Que paséis felices fiestas.  Ahora que tenéis tiempo, por favor, haced las encuestas online de la asignatura, que nos exigen en la Universidad. Cuesta cinco minutos, aquí.




"Henry James." YouTube (RadioUNED)
    http://youtu.be/uHzhG2CXSdc






Unos apuntes sobre la obra de H.G. Wells


Os recuerdo que ya tenéis en Reprografía el segundo paquete de lecturas, temas 6-8, del siglo XX.  Y ahí lo dejaremos, a principios probablemente—porque al XXI seguro que no llegamos. En el blog iré poniendo materiales adicionales, pero como pregunta de tema para examen entrarán únicamente los principales autores que aprarecen abajo, en el programa, en negrita.  Alguna pregunta corta sí que puede caer sobre autores más recientes del siglo XX.


H.G. Wells: Una película sobre su vida.   Y aquí una película "retrofuturista" basada en su novela Things to Come.

En Mind at the End of its Tether,
H. G. Wells reflexiona, al final de su vida, sobre la naturaleza y límites de las ilusiones humanas como guías para la acción, y concluye con un escepticismo desolador ante la muerte de las ilusiones que sustentan el mundo en que vivimos—que tiene de ilusión colectiva más de lo que solemos sospechar.








Una introducción a Oscar Wilde.




_____


26-27 noviembre

OSCAR WILDE        (1854-1900)

    (Anglo-Irish writer and dandy, b. Dublin, st. Trinity College, Dublin, and Magdalen College, Oxford; l. London; journalist, poet, prose writer and dramatist, brilliant conversationalist and socialite, m. Constance Lloyd 1884 (d. 1898); loved Lord Alfred Douglas; imprisoned for homosexuality 1895-97; d. Paris)


_____. Poems. 1881.
_____. The Duchess of Padua. Tragedy. 1883.
_____. The Happy Prince and Other Tales. 1888.
_____. The Picture of Dorian Gray. Novel. 1890.
_____. Intentions. Essays. 1891.
_____. Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories. 1891.
_____. A House of Pomegranates. Stories. 1891.
_____. Lady Windermere's Fan. Drama. 1892.
_____. Salomé. Drama. 1892.
_____. A Woman of No Importance. Drama. 1893.
_____. The Sphinx. Poem. 1894.
_____. Poems in Prose. 1894.
_____. An Ideal Husband. Drama. 1895.
_____. The Importance of Being Earnest. Comedy. 1895.
_____. The Ballad of Reading Gaol. 1898.
_____. Epistola: In carcere et vinculis / De Profundis. Memoir/letter to Lord Alfred Douglas. 1896.




___________



And a BBC documentary on Oscar Wilde:










ALFRED LORD TENNYSON     (1809-1892)

Tennyson, Alfred (Lord). Poems, Chiefly Lyrical. 1830.
_____. "The Lady of Shalott." Poem. 1832, 1842.
_____. "Morte d'Arthur." Written 1833-38. In Poems. 1842.
_____. "Ulysses." Poem. Written 1833, pub. in Poems. 1842.
_____. Poems. 1842 (including material from 1830 and 1832).
_____. The Princess. Poem. 1847.
_____. In Memoriam A. H. H. Poem. 1850.
_____. "Ode" on the Death of Wellington. 1852.
_____. "The Charge of the Light Brigade." Poem. 1854.
_____. Maud, and other Poems. 1855.
_____. The Idylls of the King. Poems. 1859-1885.
_____. Enoch Arden etc. Poems. Moxon, 1864.
_____. The Holy Grail and Other Poems. 1869.
_____. Queen Mary. Drama. 1875.
_____. Harold: A Drama. 1876.
_____. Ballads and Other Poems. 1880.
_____. The Falcon. 1884.
_____. The Cup. 1884.
_____. Becket. Drama. 1884.
_____. The Works of Alfred Tennyson, Poet Laureate.  1884.
_____. Tiresias, and Other Poems. 1885.
_____. Demeter and other Poems. 1889.


______


Alfred, Lord Tennyson: Una panorámica sobre su obra.

—y aquí material más detallado, NIVEL AVANZADO de la Cambridge History of English Literature:

Grierson, Herbert J. C. "II. The Tennysons." In The Cambridge History of English and American Literature, vol. XIII (English) The Victorian Age, part One: The Nineteenth Century, II. Ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. Online at Bartleby.com
    http://www.bartleby.com/223/index.html


Canción de Loreena McKennitt sobre uno de los poemas artúricos de Tennyson, The Lady of Shalott: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/174626




__________

Hablamos de Gerard Manley Hopkins  y leímos su soneto "No Worst, there is none"—  Una introducción a Hopkins

Nivel AVANZADO: una mesa redonda sobre Gerard Manley Hopkins.


______





GEORGE ELIOT     (1819-1880)
_____.  trans. (unsigned). The Life of Jesus, Critically Examined. By David Friedrich Strauss. 1846.
_____, trans. The Essence of Christianity. By Ludwig Feuerbach. London, 1854.
_____. Scenes of Clerical Life. Stories. 1857.
_____. Adam Bede. Novel. 1859.
_____. The Mill on the Floss. Novel. 1860.
_____. Silas Marner. Novel. 1861.
_____. Romola. Novel. Serialized in the Cornhill Magazine. 1863.
_____. Felix Holt, the Radical. Novel. 1866.
_____. Middlemarch: A Study of English Provincial Life. Novel. 1871/2.
_____. Daniel Deronda. Novel. 1874-76.


George Eliot, pseudonym of Mary Ann [later Marian] Evans, English novelist, b. Warwickshire; quarrelled with her father on her leaving the Church; self-taught in Continental writing and philosophy, infatuations and love affairs with intellectual men, some married; assistant ed. Westminster Review 1851; lived with G. H. Lewes c. 1854-1878; realist novelist and skeptic moralist; fist ostracised and then successful socialite, m. John Walter Cross 1879, no children.


Y sobre George Eliot.

Resumen de Middlemarch .

George Eliot: A Scandalous Life





_____



Notes on Stephen Crane from The Oxford Companion to American Literature. 

Stephen Crane. In The Literature Network
   
http://www.online-literature.com/crane/

_____. The Red Badge of Courage. Online at Project Gutenberg.
   
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/73/73-h/73-h.htm


A poem from Stephen Crane's The Black Riders (1895):


I STOOD UPON A HIGH PLACE,

AND SAW, BELOW, MANY DEVILS

RUNNING, LEAPING,

AND CAROUSING IN SIN.

ONE LOOKED UP, GRINNING,

AND SAID: "COMRADE! BROTHER!"



huckleberry finn
Iremos acabando el curso con unos pocos autores norteamericanos:  Whitman,  Mark Twain,  Henry James...  De todos los demás autores del siglo XIX voy dejando algún apunte por la web, pero en su defecto acudid a los manuales para tener al menos una noción general de su figura y estilo.  Recordad que la literatura del siglo XX no entrará para tema; sólo para comentario o traducción, y para preguntas cortas.



MARK TWAIN         (1835-1910)

_____. The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County and Other Sketches. 1867.
_____. The Innocents Abroad. Satirical travel narrative. 1869.
_____. Roughing It. Frontier sketches. 1872.
_____. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Children's novel. 1876.
_____. A Tramp Abroad. 1880.
_____. The Prince and the Pauper. Historical novel. 1882.
_____. Life on the Mississippi. 1883.
_____. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Novel. 1884.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/76/76-h/76-h.htm
 
_____. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. Fantasy novel. 1889.
_____. The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson. Detective story. 1894.
_____. Following the Equator. Travel sketches. 1897.
_____. What Is Man? Philosophical dialogue. 1906.
_____. The Mysterious Stranger. 1916.
_____. Letters from the Earth. Ed. Bernard De Voto. 1963. (Satan as foreign visitor).
_____. Autobiography. Uncensored ed. Pub. 2010, 2013.
    http://www.marktwainproject.org/landing_writings.shtml
    2013
Twain, Mark, and C. D. Warner. The Gilded Age. Novel. 1873.




Mark Twain, pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, US novelist, journalist and humourist; b. Florida, Missouri; childhood in Hannibal; l. Philadelphia, St. Louis, Hartford, etc.; printer and popular writer, affluent; friend of  William Dean Howells; bankrupt 1894 though bad printing investments; travelled round the world as successful lecturer; frontier humorist, evolves from American optimism to disillusioned pessimism, critic of imperialism and religious beliefs, d. Hartford, CT.

Hart and Leininger. "Mark Twain." (From the Oxford Companion to American Literature):
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/mark-twain.html

La autobiografía de Mark Twain, obra póstuma recientemente publicada, en el sitio del Mark Twain. Una presentación: El blog de Mark Twain.

Y pensamientos anticristianos de Mark Twain sobre Dios y la religión.





________


Notes on WALT WHITMAN: http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/walt-whitman.html

Wood, Barry. "Walt Whitman's Song of the Soul." Video lecture at YouTube (University of Houston) 17 Feb. 2010.*
    http://youtu.be/7cIjiYpbtTk
    2012

Walt Whitman: American Experience. Online at YouTube:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yK_XPzYwic


Hablaremos de Hawthorne, Melville y de otros autores del XIX norteamericanos—Dickinson, Whitman a continuación.
_____

Acelerando un poquillo, por ver si cubrimos el programa aunque sea en versión simplificada, veremos los autores americanos del siglo XIX. Id leyendo el resto de las lecturas del XX.   Como lectura de sofá, aunque las fotocopias sean más antipáticas que los libros.




EMILY DICKINSON    (1830-1886)
_____.  "After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes." Poem.
_____. "Because I Could Not Stop for Death."
_____. "There's been a Death, in the Opposite House."
_____. "The Soul Selects."
_____. "There is no Frigate like a Book."
_____. "I felt a Funeral, in my Brain."
_____. "I started Early—Took my Dog."
_____. "Much Madness is Divinest Sense."
_____. "A Light exists in Spring."
_____. Poems by Emily Dickinson.  1890-96, etc.


Emily Dickinson, US poet, spinster, recluse. Daughter of Edward Dickinson, lawyer in Amherst, MA; st. Amherst Academy, and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary; l. secluded at home from 1862, intense frienships and epistolary relationship with Benjamin F. Newton, Rev. Charles Wadsworth, T. W. Higginson and others; did not publish in her lifetime, wrote for herself.

________

Notes on EMILY DICKINSON:
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/emily-dickinson.html


Advanced level:  "Our Life in Poetry: Emily Dickinson." Panel discussion at the Philoctetes Center. YouTube (Philoctetes Center)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhwUc5BAN3E




WALT WHITMAN   (1819-1892)
_____. "Song of Myself." In Whitman, Leaves of Grass. 1855.
    http://www.daypoems.net/plainpoems/1900.html
_____. Leaves of Grass. 1855-1892.
_____. "Song of the Broad-Axe."
_____. "Starting from Paumanok." http://www.bartleby.com/142/10.html
_____. "Once I Passed through a Populous City."
    http://www.bartleby.com/142/26.html
_____. "O Captain! My Captain!" Elegy on Lincoln. From Drum Taps & sequel 1867.
_____. "Pioneers! O Pioneeers."
_____. Democratic Vistas. Prose.  1871. (American literature; Transcendentalism; Politics; Commerce; Nature; Nature of literature)
_____. Memoranda during the War. Prose. 1875.
_____. "Whoever You Are Holding Me Now in Hand." Poem.
 http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/whoever-you-are-holding-me-now-in-hand.html
_____. "Years of the Modern." From  Leaves of Grass.
    http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/wwhitman/bl-ww-yearsmodern.htm



Walt Whitman, US poet, writer of celebratory free verse; democrat, patriot and homosexual.

________


Notes on WALT WHITMAN: http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/walt-whitman.html

Wood, Barry. "Walt Whitman's Song of the Soul." Video lecture at YouTube (University of Houston) 17 Feb. 2010.*
    http://youtu.be/7cIjiYpbtTk
    2012

Walt Whitman: American Experience. Online at YouTube:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yK_XPzYwic








LA ÚLTIMA SEMANA DE DICIEMBRE TRATAREMOS DE COOPER, POE, MELVILLE Y HAWTHORNE.

HEMOS REVISADO UN POQUITO, REDUCIÉNDOLA, LA LISTA DE AUTORES QUE ENTRAN PARA TEMA EN EL EXAMEN. EN NEGRITA EN LA SECCIÓN NUMERADA DEL PROGRAMA (A PIE DE PÁGINA). PARA COMENTARIO O PREGUNTAS CORTAS ENTRA TODO EL TEMARIO.




HERMAN MELVILLE         (1819-1891)

_____. Typee. Novel. 1846.
_____. Omoo: A Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas. Novel. 1847.
_____. Redburn: His First Voyage. Novel. 1848.
_____. Mardi: And a Voyage Thither. Novel. 1849.
_____. White-Jacket; or, The World in a Man-of-War. Novel. 1850.
_____. Moby-Dick: or, The Whale. Novel. 1851.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2701
_____. Pierre, or the Ambiguities. Novel. 1852.
_____. "Benito Cereno." Story. In Melville, The Piazza Tales. 1856.
_____. "Bartleby the Scrivener." Story. In The Piazza Tales. 1856.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/11231/pg11231.html
_____. The Confidence-Man: His Masquerade. Satirical narrative. 1857.
_____. Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Long poem. 1876.
_____. Billy Budd, Sailor. Novel. Posth. 1924.
mobydick2

Herman Melville, US novelist, b. New York, sailor in the Atlantic and the Pacific 1839-44, l. Boston, schoolteacher and customs officer, friend of Nathaniel Hawthorne, traveled Holy Land, commercially unsuccessful after early best-sellers, frustrated man of letters.





Herman Melville on Wikipedia

Moby Dick, or, The Whale. Online at Project Gutenberg.*
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2701

White whales are rare. But they do exist.







________

The Scarlet Letter. Una película de 1934 sobre la novela de Hawthorne.


_________

Hawthorne and Melville, from Richard Gray's History of American literature.


_________

Una lección sobre The Scarlet Letter de Hawthorne—de la Universidad de Houston.















NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE     (1804-1864)

_____.  Fanshawe: A Tale. 1828.
_____. "Young Goodman Brown." Story. 1835
_____. "The Minister's Black Veil." Story. 1837.
_____. "Wakefield." Story. 1837.
_____. "Endicott and the Red Cross." Story. 1837.
_____. Twice-Told Tales. 1837, enlarged 1842.
_____. "
Rappacini's Daughter."
Story. In Mosses from an Old Manse.
_____. "Roger Malvin's Burial."
Story. In Mosses from an Old Manse.
_____. Mosses from an Old Manse. Stories. 1846.
_____. The Scarlet Letter. Romance. 1850.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/33/pg33.html
_____. "Ethan Brand." Story. 1851.
_____. The House of the Seven Gables. Romance. 1851.
_____. The Blithedale Romance. 1852.
_____. A Wonder Book. Children's stories. 1852.
scarletletter2
_____. Tanglewood Tales. Children's stories. 1853.
_____. The Marble Faun, or the Romance of Monte Beni. 1860.
_____. Our Old Home. Essays on England. 1853.
_____. Dr. Grimshawe's Secret. Romance. 1882.




Nathaniel Hawthorne, New England romance and short story writer, b. Salem, of an old Puritan family—orig. Hathorne, wife Sophia, 3 children, customs officer, and diplomat in England, d. Plymouth.


_______




















_____


HENRY DAVID THOREAU        (1817-1862)

(US writer, naturalist, Transcendentalist-anarchist-primitivist-pacifist; b. Concord, MA; grad. Harvard 1817, influenced by E. T. Channing, Jones Very and Bronson Alcott; friend, employee and disciple of Emerson, l. lived in a hut in the woods in Walden 1845-47; teacher and anti-slavery activist, unmarried, probably repressed homosexual, met John Brown and Whitman, travelled to the Great Lakes and Mississippi 1861, d. of tuberculosis)


Works

Thoreau, Henry David. "Resistance to Civil Government." 1849. Retitled "Civil Disobedience."
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/71/71-h/71-h.htm
_____. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers. 1849. New York: Modern Library, 1946.
_____. "Slavery in Massachusetts." 1854.
_____. Walden or Life in the Woods. 1854.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/205/205-h/205-h.htm
    Walden, Audiobook.
    http://youtu.be/VcNccA9gu2g
_____. "A Plea for Captain John Brown." Lecture. 1859.
_____. Excursions. 1863.
_____. Journal. 14 vols. 1906.



A lecture on Thoreau's Walden:





—and a dissenting view: Pond Scum



WALDEN audiobook - complete text.


The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau






RALPH WALDO EMERSON        (1803-1882)

(New England Transcendentalist thinker, poet and essayist, came from an Unitarian family; soon widowed, abandoned the Church, influential and prolific lecturer and diarist, emphasizes first-hand apprehension of religion and experience)

_____. "Brahma." Poem. In Emerson, The Selected Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Modern Library, c. 1950. 809.*
_____. "The American Scholar: An Oration." Delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, Cambridge, Aug. 31, 1837.
_____. Divinity School "Address" (to the Divinity School graduating class). 1838.
_____. "The Transcendentalist." In Emerson, The Selected Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Modern Library, c. 1950. 87-106.*
_____. "History." From Essays, 1st series.
_____. "Self-Reliance." In Emerson, Essays, 1st series.
_____. "The Over-Soul." From Essays, 1st series.
_____. "Character." In Emerson, Essays.
_____. "The Poet." 1843.
_____. "Emancipation in the West Indies." 1844.
_____. "John Brown." 1859.
_____. "Thoreau." 1862.
_____. Essays: First and Second series. 1841, 1844.


"Ralph Waldo Emerson." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Waldo_Emerson
    2012

Wood, Barry. "Emerson and Transcendentalist Religion." Video lecture at YouTube (University of Houston).
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6kigMlZNBs



___________


EDGAR ALLAN POE         (1809-1849)
poe
Works: Poems
_____.  Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems. 1829.
_____. Poems by Edgar A. Poe 1831. ("Israfel," "To Helen," "The City in the Sea," etc.).
_____. The Raven and Other Poems. 1845.
_____. A Complete Collection of Poems by Edgar Allan Poe.
    http://www.poetryloverspage.com/poets/poe/poe_ind.html

Works: Individual tales
_____. "Morella." Short story. 1835.
_____. "Berenice." Short story. 1835.
_____. "Ligeia." Short story. 1838.
_____. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket. 1838.
_____. "The Fall of the House of Usher." Short story. 1839.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/932/932-h/932-h.htm
_____. "William Wilson." Story. (1839).
_____. Tales of the Grotesque and the Arabesque. 1840.
_____. "Eleonora." Story. In Poe, The Gift. 1842.
_____. "The Murders in the Rue Morgue." Short story. 1841.
_____. "The Masque of the Red Death." Short story. Graham's Magazine (1842).
_____. "The Pit and the Pendulum." Short story. The Gift. 1843.
_____. "The Gold-Bug."  (1843).
_____. "The Tell-Tale Heart." Short story.  (1843).
_____. "The Balloon-Hoax." 1844.
_____. "The Purloined Letter." Short story. 1845.
    http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/POE/purloine.html
_____. "The Black Cat." Short story. 1843.
_____. "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar."
_____. "The Premature Burial."
_____. Tales. 1845.

Essays:
_____. "The Philosophy of Composition."  (1846).
_____. "The Poetic Principle." 1848.
_____. Eureka: A Prose Poem. 1848.
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/32037/32037-h/32037-h.htm



Edgar Allan Poe, US short story writer, poet and critic; b. Boston, son of British actress Elizabeth Arnold Poe and American actor David Poe, father left, mother died 1811, lived with tobacco exporter John Allan and wife, renamed Edgar Allan Poe, not adopted; travel to Britain with Allans, school in England 1815-20, attends U of Virginia 1826, gambler, leaves U; quarrels with Allan over debts, enlists in the Army, reconciled with Allan after wife's death, expelled from West Point military academy for gambling, disobedience and drink; lives with aunt Maria Clemm, Baltimore, 1831-35, miserable life, journalist, poverty; Allan dies 1834 leaving him nothing; journalist at Southern Literary Messenger, marries 13-year old cousin Virginia Clemm 1835/6; l. New York 1837-38, then Philadelphia, and back to NY; editorial jobs at Burton's Gentleman's Magazine, Graham's Magazine, New York Evening Mirror, Broadway Journal; distressed by young wife's ill health, widowed 1847; alcoholic, deep-seated emotional conflicts, 1848-49, in love with poet Sarah Helen Whitman and Mrs. Charles Richmond, engaged to his teenage love Sara Royster Shelton; d. Baltimore after a fit of drunkenness.


_______________________
NIVEL AVANZADO:

_____. "Poe's Big Bang." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 25 Nov. 2012.*
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/11/poes-big-bang.html


___________________________













JAMES FENIMORE COOPER     (1789-1851)

_____. Precaution. Novel. 1820.
_____. The Spy: A Tale of the Neutral Ground. Historical romance. 1821.
_____. The Pioneers; Or, The Sources of the Susquehanna. Romance. 1923.
_____. The Pilot. Romance. 1823.
_____. The Last of the Mohicans. Novel. 1826. (Leatherstocking series, 2nd part).
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/940/940-h/940-h.htm
_____. The Prairie: A Tale. 1827. (Leather-Stocking series, part 5).
_____. The Red Rover. Romance. 1827.
_____. Notions of the Americans. Essay. 1828.
_____. The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish. Romance. 18
29.
_____. The Water-Witch. Romance. 1830.
_____. A Letter to General Lafayette.  Discourse. 1831.
_____. The Bravo. Historical romance. 1831.
_____. The Heidenmauer, or, The Benedictines. Historical romance. 1832.
_____. The Headsman, or, The Abbaye des Vignerons. Romance. 1833.
_____. A Letter to His Countrymen. Discourse. 1834.
_____. The Monikins. Satirical allegory. 1835.
_____. The American Democrat, or Hints on the Social and Civil Relations of the United States of America. Political theory. 1838.
_____. Homeward Bound; or, The Chase. Novel. 1838.
_____. Home as Found. Novel. 1838. (Sequel to Homeward Bound).
_____. History of the Navy. History. 1839.
_____. The Pathfinder, or The Inland Sea. Romanc
e. 1840. (Leather-stocking series, part 3)
_____. The Deerslayer. Novel. 1841. (Leatherstocking series, Part 1).
_____. Wing-and-Wing. Romance. 1842.
_____. Le Mouchoir. 1843. Retitled The Autobiography of a Pocket-Handkerchief.
_____. Wyandotté, or the Hutted Knoll. A Tale. 1843.
_____. Afloat and Ashore. Romance. 1844.
_____. Miles Wallingford. Romance. 1844. (Sequel to Afloat and Ashore).
_____. Satanstoe. Novel. 1845. (Littlepage Manus
cripts, 1).
_____. The Chainbearer. Novel. 1845. (Littlepage Manuscripts, 2).
_____. The Redskins, or, Indian and Injin. Novel. 1846. (Littlepage Manuscripts, 3).
_____. The Crater. 1848. (Social utopia).
_____. The Oak Openings, or, The Bee-Hunter. Romance. 1848.
_____. The Ways of the Hour. Novel. 1850.



James Fenimore Cooper, US novelist, b. Burlington, NJ, son of William Cooper, founder of Cooperstown; dismissed from Yale; seaman for several years, married, gentleman farmer, successful novelist, moved to New York City, US consul at Lyons, travelled in Europe 1826-33, defender of republicanism in Europe and conservative aristocratic Federalist back in USA; moved back to Cooperstown, father of Susan Fenimore Cooper.




"James Fenimore Cooper." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fenimore_Cooper
   

–o en esta introducción del Oxford Companion to American Literature sobre su vida y obras: James Fenimore Cooper.





____________


NIVEL AVANZADO:


En la Universidad de Houston hay un curso en red sobre literatura norteamericana temprana. Allí se pueden oír videolecciones sobre estos autores, por ejemplo esta sobre Washington Irving y James Fenimore Cooper.



THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS. Online audiobook at YouTube (GreatestAudioBooks). 2012.*
    http://youtu.be/9HXPU1zjjjE


last of the mohicans


_____. "El Gran Viaje en El último Mohicano." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 4 Jan. 2015.*
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2015/01/el-gran-viaje-en-el-ultimo-mohicano.html
    2015






Empezando con la literatura norteamericana en el tema 5....    para quien quiera ver más autores fuera de programa, aquí hay An Overview of American Literature.

Y, más sintetizada, Una pequeña visión introductoria a la literatura norteamericana hasta 1800.

En estos enlaces aparecen introducciones a los autores, también los títulos de las principales obras, y otros enlaces de interés para quienes deseen leer más al respecto. Todo excurso, por supuesto, es nivel avanzado o gratuito.




__________

SECCIÓN B:

Algunos temas sobre autores (no precisamente secundarios) que no vemos en clase).




Unas notas sobre Nabokov.



"Samuel Beckett." In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Beckett

En YouTube se pueden ver varias obras de Beckett. Por ejemplo, Catastrophe.  O la que hemos incluido como lectura obligatoria, Krapp's Last Tape.




Un poema de Philip Larkin, "Toads Revisited."

Y un capítulo de la Short Oxford History of English Literature sobre Larkin.





NIVEL AVANZADO:


Un libro mío sobre Samuel Beckett y la narración reflexiva: http://www.unizar.es/departamentos/filologia_inglesa/garciala/publicaciones/SBNR.html




sigue NIVEL AVANZADO: Una charla-debate sobre Beckett, para practicar inglés de Nueva York:













_____________


Nobel Lecture by Harold Pinter. Video. YouTube (Svenna Jensen) 9 Nov. 2011.*
    http://youtu.be/PH96tuRA3L0






—Texto que tradujimos: Art, Truth and Politics de Harold Pinter.





__________








Leeremos algo de Walter Scott, y pasaremos a Dickens. Traed a clase los textos de ambos, y ya id leyendo George Eliot, y los demás, que hay mucho que leer. El uso del diccionario es esencial, la lectura es un ejercicio de lengua inglesa. Pero después de Dickens pasamos de momento a los autores americanos de la primera mitad del siglo XIX. TRAED EL TEXTO DE WASHINGTON IRVING.

WASHINGTON IRVING        (1783-1859)

_____. "Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent." Morning Chronicle (1802-3). (Satires on New York society).
_____. Salmagundi; or, The Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff, Esq., and Others. Satirical sketches. Periodical pamphlets, 1807-8. Book, 1808. (Pseudonymous writings, in collaboration with William and Peter Irving, and with brother-in-law J. K. Paulding).
_____. A History of New York, from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty, by Diedrich Knickerbocker. 1809. Rev. 1812, 1819, 1848. (Ps. "Diedrich Knickerbocker").    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/13042
_____. "Westminster Abbey." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "The Christmas Dinner." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "Stratford-on-Avon." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "John Bull." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "The Stage-Coach." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "Rip van Winkle." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1820.
_____. "English Writers of America." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. "Traits of Indian Character." In Irving, The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. 1819-20.
_____. The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. Miscellany of tales and essays. Serialized in USA, 1819-20.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2048/2048-h/2048-h.htm
_____. (Ps. "Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.") Bracegirdle Hall; or, The Humorists: A Medley. Tales and sketches. 1822.

_____. Tales of a Traveller. 1824.
_____. History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. 1828. (Based on Navarrete).
_____. The Alhambra: A Series of Tales and Sketches of the Moors and Spaniards. 1832.  1852.
_____. A Tour of the Prairies. Travel book. Vol. 1 of The Crayon Miscellany. 1835.
_____. Legends of the Conquest of Spain. Vol. 2 of The Crayon Miscellany. 1835.
_____. The Crayon Miscellany. 3 vols. 1835.
_____. Astoria. 1836. Rev. 1849. (History of John Jacob Astor; written with Pierre Irving).
_____. The Adventures of Captain Bonneville, U.S.A. 1837. (Sequel to Astoria).
_____. The Life of Oliver Goldsmith. 1840.
_____. A Book of the Hudson. Sketches. 1849.
washington irving
_____. Mahomet and His Successors. Biographies. 2 vols. 1849-50.
_____. Life of Washington. 5 vols. 1855-59.








Washington Irving, US man of letters, b. New York city, wealthy middle class, Revolutionary family background; youngest of 11 children; wrote after brothers William and Peter; law career; traveller in upper NY and Canada; journalist at Peter's Morning Chronicle and Corrector; satirical sketches of NY society, left legal profession, travelled in Europe 1804-6, pursued lit. career in NY, Federalist ideology, celebrated author; fiancée Matilda Hoffman died (and Irving never married); political involvement during the War, then took charge of Liverpool family business, went bankrupt; wrote for a living, met Scott, Byron, Moore, travelled in Paris, in Germany, loved Emily Foster in Paris, lived in England, France, courted Mary Shelley; diplomat in Madrid, travels in Spain; diplomat again in London, and back to Sunnyside, NY, after 17 years; tour on the Western frontier; political connections, returned as ambassador to Spain, retired to Sunnyside, turned historian, celebrated as classic.



Washington Irving: Vida y obras.




American literature before 1800

Richard Hakluyt (the younger, 1552-1616). Discourse Concerning Western Planting. c. 1600.

Whitaker, Alexander. (fl. 1617). Good Newes from Virginia. 1617.

Smith, John. (1580-1631). A True Relation of Virginia. 1608.
_____. A Description of New England. 1616.
_____. The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England, and the Summer Isles. 1624.
_____. The True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captaine John Smith. 1630.

Bradford, William. (1590-1657). Of Plymouth Plantation. 1630.

Winthrop, John. (1588-1649). A Modell of Christian Charity. 1630.

Cotton, John, et al. The Bay Psalm Book. 1640.

Anne Bradstreet. (1612?-1672). The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America. London, 1650.

Taylor, Edward. The Poetical Works of Edward Taylor. c. 1680, pub. 1939.

Mather, Cotton. Magnalia Christi Americana, or the Ecclesiastical History of New England. 1702.

Cook, Ebenezer. The Sot-Weed Factor. 1708.

Edwards, Jonathan. (1703-58). A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God. 1737.

Franklin, Benjamin. (1706-1790). Autobiography. (Posth.). 1818.

Freneau, Philip. (1752-1832). The Rising Glory of America. 1771. Rev. 1786.

Paine, Thomas. Common Sense. 1776.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. 1787.


Wheatley, Phillis. Poems. London, 1773.

Occom, Samson. (1723-1792). Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs. 1774.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself. 1787.

Hammon, Jupiter. (1711-1806?). Address to the Negroe: In the State of New York. 1787.


Barlow, Joel. The Columbiad. Epic. 1807.

Tyler, Royall. The Contrast. Drama. 1787.

Brackenridge, Hugh Henry. (1746-1816). Modern Chivalry. Sketches. 1792-1815.

Brockden Brown, Charles. Wieland: or, The Transformation. Novel. 1798.









CHARLES DICKENS         (1812-1870)
dickens

_____. Sketches by Boz. Serialized in Old Monthly Magazine. 1836-37.
_____. The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. Serialized novel. 1836-37.
_____. The Adventures of Oliver Twist. Novel. 1837-8.
_____. The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby. Novel. 1838-9.
_____. The Old Curiosity Shop. Novel. Serialized in Master Humphrey's Clock. 1840-1.
_____. Barnaby Rudge. Novel. Serialized in Master Humphrey's Clock. 1841.
_____. American Notes. 1842.
_____. A Christmas Carol. 1843. (Other Christmas stories in the 40s, 50s and 60s).
_____. Martin Chuzzlewit. Novel. 1844.
_____. Pictures from Italy. Travel book. 1846.
_____. Dombey and Son. Novel. 1846-1848.
_____. David Copperfield. Novel. Serialized 1849-1850.
_____. Bleak House. Novel. Serialized 1852-1853.
_____. Hard Times. Novel. Serialized in Household Words, 1854.
_____. Little Dorrit. Novel. Serialized 1855-1857.
_____. A Tale of Two Cities. Novel. 1859.
_____. Great Expectations. Novel. Serialized 1860-1861.
_____. Our Mutual Friend. Novel. 1864-5.
_____. The Mystery of Edwin Drood. Unfinished novel. 1870.



Charles John Huffham Dickens, Victorian novelist, playwright and journalist; b. near Portsmouth; run-down middle-class family, son of a clerk in the Navy pay office, father imprisoned for debt, unhappy childhood experience when forced to work as a child in a factory, apprenticed clerk, stenographer at Parliament, journalist at the Morning Chronicle, married Catherine Hogarth; world success and fortune as writer of serialized novels; friend of John Forster, Wilkie Collins, etc., energetic socialite and amateur actor;  travels in USA and Italy; anti-slavery advocate in America, philanthropist and social reformer, launched periodicals, many children; in love with sister-in-law, soon dead; lover of young actress Ellen Ternan, separated from Catherine 1858; popular entertainer with public reading tours of his novels, d. of heart failure.


Life of Dickens
—and main works—from the Oxford Companion to English Literature. AND Cazamian on Dickens as a social novelist.


Charles Dickens (Victorian Values)—some notes by Stephen Coote's handbook.






___________

NIVEL AVANZADO: George Eliot (audio at Oxford University).




__________________

SECCIÓN B:  Unas notas sobre un poeta modernista norteamericano: e. e. cummings.


Y otro inglés:

W. H.  AUDEN     (1907-1973)

    (Wystan Hugh Auden, modernist English poet, b. York; anglo-catholic family; st. Gresham's School, Holt and Christ Church, Oxford;  homosexual, 1928 stay in Berlin with Isherwood, 1930s taught in Scotland and Downs School, Birmingham; professional writer late 30s, leftist sympathies before the war, conservative thereafter, Christian humanist; expatriate in US 1939; US citizen c. 1946, lived half-year in Europe and USA, New York; summer stays in Ischia and Kirschtetten; honorary Professor of Poetry U of Oxford, 1956-60; d. Vienna)

Auden, W. H.  Poems. London: Faber and Faber, 1930.
_____. Look, Stranger! Poems. London: Faber and Faber, 1936.
_____. "Spain 1937." Poem. 1937, 1940.
_____. "In Memory of W. B. Yeats." Poem. 1939. Pub. 1940, 1966. In The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th ed. Ed. M. H. Abrams, with Stephen Greenblatt et al. New York: Norton, 1999. 2.2507-8.*
_____. "In Time of War." Sonnet sequence. In Journey to a War. By W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood. London: Faber and Faber, 1939.
_____. Another Time. Poems. London: Faber and Faber, 1940.
_____. New Year Letter. Poems. London: Faber and Faber, 1941.
_____. The Age of Anxiety. Poems. 1947.
_____. The Shield of Achilles. Poems. 1955.
_____. Homage to Clio. Poems. 1960.
_____. Los señores del límite: Selección de poemas y ensayos (1927-1973). Círculo de Lectores, 2007.



SECCIÓN B, NIVEL AVANZADO: Los poemas de Sylvia Plath, poeta feminista y suicida.

___________________


_________________

SECCIÓN A, NIVEL AVANZADO:

  Otra posible película para ver sobre una obra de Dickens: David Copperfield









También se puede ver (en baja calidad) A Christmas Carol.




________________________

SECCIÓN B:  Sobre Hemingway, podéis ver esta película:   THE SNOWS OF KILIMANJARO.

O, también, THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA.

________________________





SIR WALTER SCOTT     (1771-1832)

_____, ed. The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border. 1802-3.
_____. The Lay of the Last Minstrel. Poem. 1805.
_____. Ballads and Lyrical Pieces. 1806.
_____. Marmion: A Tale of Flodden Field. Poem. 1808.
_____. The Lady of the Lake. Poem. 1810.
_____. Rokeby. Poem. 1813.
_____. Waverley, or 'Tis Sixty Years Since. Novel.  1814.

            Audiobook:   http://www.booksshouldbefree.com/book/Waverley-1-Sir-Walter-Scott
_____. Guy Mannering, or, The Astrologer. Novel. 1815.
_____. The Field of Waterloo. Poem. 1815.
_____. The Antiquary. Novel. 1816.
_____. Old Mortality. Novel. 1816.
_____. Rob Roy. Novel. 1817.
_____ . The Heart of Midlothian. Novel. 1818.
_____. Tales of My Landlord: Third Series. (The Bride of Lammermoor and A Legend of Montrose). Novels. 1819.
_____. Ivanhoe, a Romance. Novel. 1819.
_____. The Monastery, A Romance. 1820.
_____. Kenilworth: A Romance. 1821.
_____. The Pirate. Novel. 1821.
_____. The Fortunes of Nigel. Novel. 1822.
_____. Quentin Durward. Novel. 1823.
_____. Redgauntlet, A Tale of the Eighteenth Century. Novel. 1824.
walter scott
_____. Tales of the Crusaders (The Betrothed and The Talisman). 1825.
_____. Woodstock; or, The Cavalier. Novel. 1826.
http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/9785/pg9785.html



Walter Scott, Scottish novelist, poet and scholar; st. law at Edinburgh U, bar 1792; m. Margaret Charlotte Charpentier 1797; successful poet, printer with James Ballantyne; contributor to Edinburgh Review; built Abbotsford mansion; promoted Tory Quarterly Review; refused Laureateship 1813; pub. historical novels anonymously as "the author of Waverley" until 1827; baronet ("Sir") 1820; bankrupt with Ballantyne 1826; struggled to pay debts; world-wide influence on historical novelists and nationalist romance writers.

 

Influences on Scott:

Thomas Percy. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. 1765.
Maria Edgeworth, Castle Rackrent. Novel. 1800.



Un par de perspectivas de los manuales de literatura sobre Walter Scott.  Y unas notas sobre "La novela histórica: Parámetros para su definición".

Aquí hay un audiolibro de Waverley, de Sir Walter Scott.

Apuntes sobre The Novels of Jane Austen (and Fanny Burney)




JANE AUSTEN     (1775-1817)

_____. Northanger Abbey. Written 1790s, pub. 1818. http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/AusNort.html
_____. Sense and Sensibility. Novel. London, 1811.
_____. Pride and Prejudice. Novel. 1813.
_____. Mansfield Park. Novel. 1814.   http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/141
_____. Emma. Novel. 1816.
_____. Persuasion. Novel. Written 1815-16, pub. 1818.



English realist novelist; b. Steventon, near Basingstoke; 7th child of the parish rector; l. unmarried with her family in Steventon, also in Bath 1801-5, then Hampshire and Winchester.



JOHN KEATS     (1795-1821)


_____.  Poems by John Keats. London: Ollier, 1817.
_____. Endymion. 1818.
_____. "The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream." Fragmentary epic poem. 1819, pub. 1857.
_____. "Ode to Autumn."  pub. 1820 with:
_____. "Ode on Melancholy."
_____. "Ode on a Grecian Urn."
_____. "Ode to a Nightingale."
_____. Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems.  1820. 
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/23684
_____. The Letters of John Keats, 1814-1821.



English romantic poet; lower middle class family, apprenticed and licensed as apothecary 1816, friend of Leigh Hunt and Shelley, travelled to the Lakes, Scotland and Ireland with Charles Armitage Brown and settled with him 1817; in love with Fanny Brawne; financial problems, suffered from tuberculosis, attacked by Lockhart and other reviewers; travelled to Italy, d. Rome. BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN KEATS.




Una excelente película sobre Keats: Bright Star, de Jane Campion.


Una panorámica sobre la vida y obra de Keats.







MARY SHELLEY    (1797-1851)

_____.  (Anon. pub.). Frankenstein, or, The Modern Prometheus. Novel. 1818. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/84/84-h/84-h.htm

_____. Valperga. Novel. 1821.
_____. The Last Man. Novel. 1826.
_____. The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck. Novel. 1830.
_____. Essays and Letters. 1839.
_____. Rambles in Germany and Italy. Travel book. 1844.



Mary Shelley, née Mary Godwin, English woman of letters, novelist and prose writer; daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin; m. Percy Bysshe Shelley 1816.




Una pequeña introducción a Mary Shelley.

Sobre Mary Shelley y Frankenstein, nos remitiremos además a este documental de la serie "Profetas de la Ciencia Ficción":




 


Mary as the  Monster




LORD BYRON         (1788-1824)


_____. Hours of Idleness. Poems.
_____. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. 1812-1818.
_____. The Giaour. Verse romance. 1813.
_____. The Corsair. Verse romance. 1814.
_____. The Bride of Abydos. Verse romance.
_____. "Darkness." Poem. 1816.    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/darkness.html
_____. Domestic Pieces. 1816.
_____. "Prometheus." Poem. 1816.
_____. Manfred: A Dramatic Poem.  1817.
_____. Beppo. Verse romance. 1818.
_____. Mazeppa. 1819.
_____. Don Juan, an Epic Satire. Satirical epic. 1818-23, pub. 1919-24.
_____. Cain. Tragedy. 1821.
_____. "The Vision of Judgment." Poem. 1822.
_____. "January 22nd. Missolonghi: On This Day I Complete my Thirty Sixth Year." Poem. 1824.




George Gordon Noel, Lord Byron, English romantic poet, b. London, member of the Chamber of Lords; abandoned England 1816, travels in Europe; Italy and Greece; had innumerable erotic affairs, fascinated and scandalized his social circle; friend of Shelley, fought vs. Turks on Greek side pro independence, d. Missolunghi, Greece; individualist, skeptic, hedonist, satirist of social conventions.








__________
NIVEL AVANZADO:


Una pequeña introducción a Mary Shelley.

Sobre Mary Shelley y Frankenstein, nos remitiremos además a este documental de la serie "Profetas de la Ciencia Ficción":




Mary as the  Monster




Tratamos estos días algo más de los poetas románticos con Wordsworth, y la novela del 1800 con Austen. Los textos van siendo selecciones más largas de novelas, etc.; procurad asignaros (y mantener) un horario para lecturas. La lectura sistemática con diccionario es imprescindible para desarrollar el tipo de dominio de la lengua que puede aportar sólo la literatura.


En las siguientes sesiones veremos la literatura inglesa del siglo XIX: primero Byron, Keats,  Mary Shelley, y luego Austen y Walter Scott. Seguirán Dickens, Tennyson, George Eliot, Hopkins, Wilde y Wells.  Traed los textos por ese orden a clase; e id leyéndolos por anticipado if possible.


Para ir abriendo boca con Dickens se puede ver una película de Oliver Twist, en esta versión para TV de la BBC.



Quien guste de ver más cine literario, quizá disfrute con esta versión de A Tale of Two Cities, novela de Dickens ambientada en la época de la Revolución Francesa.




O la versión musical de Oliver! —uno de los clásicos de Hollywood.



_________





Algunos títulos escritos o no escritos en la pizarra:




WILLIAM WORDSWORTH     (1770-1850)

Works

Wordsworth, William. Descriptive Sketches. 1793.
_____. Lyrical Ballads, with Pastoral and Other Poems. 1800. (With some poems by S. T. Coleridge).
_____. The Prelude. 1st version, 1799; rev. 1805; 1st pub. in 3rd rev. version, 1850.
_____. "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood." 1802-4, pub. 1807.
_____. "Tintern Abbey."
_____. Poems. 1807.
_____. The Excursion. Poem. 1814.





________________

NIVEL AVANZADO:


Sobre Byron. La Wikipedia nos enseña más sobre este hombre que despertaba pasiones.

"Darkness (Poem)." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darkness_%28poem%29


"Lord Byron." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Byron


Y a quien le interesa la figura de su hija, la matemática Ada Lovelace, puede mirar aquí:

"Ada Lovelace." In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ada_Lovelace

 "El sueño de Ada Byron." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 31 August 2012.*
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/08/el-sueno-de-ada-byron.html

Romero, Sarah. "Ada Lovelace: La primera programadora." La Flecha 29 May 2005.
    http://www.laflecha.net/perfiles/tecnologia/ada_lovelace/






____________

NIVEL AVANZADO

Other romantic poets:

PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY     (1792-1822)

English romantic poet; b. Sussex, st. U College, Oxford; rebellious student, eccentric, vegetarian, radical and freethinker; expelled from college, eloped with Harriet Westbrook, m. 1811, travels, radical activist, 2 children. An improvident husband, he abandoned his family; he eloped abroad with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin and Claire Clairmont; wife committed suicide 1816, Shelley married Mary W. Godwin, thereafter Mary Shelley; back to England, lost custody of his children. Friend of Peacock, Leigh Hunt, Keats, Hazlitt; pursued by creditors, travels in Italy 1818-, daughter and son by Mary Shelley died there, Pisa 1820-21, friend of Byron, in love with young Maria Viviani; moved with Mary Shelley to Lerici 1822, drowned in his boat there. Shelley was a radical idealist, the poet of passion, cosmic ambition and despair, much given to self-pitying excesses of emotion and dejection.

_____.  "Queen Mab; A Philosophical Poem." 1813, pub. 1816.
_____. The Necessity of Atheism. Essay. With T. J. Hogg.
_____. "Alastor; or, The Spirit of Solitude." Poem. 1815, pub. 1816.
_____. "Mont Blanc." Poem. 1816, pub. 1817.
_____. "Stanzas Written in Dejection—December 1818, near Naples." 1818, pub. 1824.
_____. "England in 1819." 1819,
_____. "Ode to the West Wind." 1819, pub. 1820 in Prometheus Unbound.
_____. Prometheus Unbound: A Lyrical Drama in Four Acts. Written 1819, pub. 1820.
_____. "Adonais: An Elegy on the Death of John Keats, Author of Endymion, Hyperion, etc." 1821, pub. 1829.
_____. A Defence of Poetry. 1821, pub. 1840.
_____. "The Triumph of Life." Poem. 1822, pub. in Posthumous Poems. 1824.
_____. Poetical Works. Ed. Mary Shelley. 1839.




SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE     (1772-1834)

_____. Poems on Various Subjects. 1796.
_____. Poems. 1797.
_____. "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner." Poem, w. 1797. In Wordsworth and Coleridge, Lyrical Ballads. 1798.
_____. "Kubla Khan: Or, A Vision in a Dream. A Fragment." Poem. c. 1797-98, pub. 1816.
_____. Christabel. Poem. 1816.
_____. Biographia Literaria : Or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions. 1817.
_____. The Friend. 3rd. ed. London, 1837.
_____. Shakspeare Lectures. 1818, etc.




  THE ROMANTICS - Audios from In Our Time (BBC).
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2015/01/the-romantics.html











________________

SECCIÓN B:


WILLIAM FAULKNER        (1897-1962)
_____. 
Soldier's Pay. Novel. 1926.
_____. Mosquitoes. 1927.
_____. Sartoris. Novel. 1929.
_____. The Sound and the Fury. Novel. 1929.
_____. As I Lay Dying. Novel. 1930.
_____. "A Rose for Emily." Story. 1930.
    http://www.eng.fju.edu.tw/English_Literature/Rose/el-text-E-Rose.htm
    2012
_____. Sanctuary. Novel. New York: Random House, 1931.
_____. Light in August.  Novel. 1932.
_____. Pylon. Novel. 1935.
_____. Absalom, Absalom! 1936.
_____. The Wild Palms. Novel. 1939.
_____. The Hamlet. Novel. 1940. (Vol. 1 of the Snopes trilogy).
_____. The Big Sleep. Film script based on Raymond Chandler's novel. 1946.
_____. Go Down, Moses. Stories / novel. 1942.
_____. Collected Stories of William Faulkner. 1950.
_____. Requiem for a Nun. Novel. 1951.
_____. A Fable. Novel. 1954.
_____. The Town. Novel. 1957. (Vol. 2 of the Snopes trilogy).
_____. The Mansion. Novel. 1959. (Vol. 3 of the Snopes trilogy).

  William Faulkner was a US southern writer, major modernist novelist and story writer; b. William Harrison Falkner in New Albany, Mississippi; l. Oxford, Lafayette county; Nobel Prize for Literature 1949; Pulitzer Prize 1955, 1962; d. Byhalia, Mississipi.

ON FAULKNER'S  NOVEL THE SOUND AND THE FURY.



An introduction to Hemingway and Faulkner  (by Richard Gray)
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/hemingway-and-faulkner.html



ERNEST HEMINGWAY        (1899-1961)

_____.  In Our Time. Stories. 1925.
_____. The Sun Also Rises. Novel. 1926. (= Fiesta)hemingway
_____. Men Without Women. Stories. 1927.
_____. A Farewell to Arms. Novel. 1929.
_____. Death in the Afternoon. Essay. 1932.
_____. Winner Take Nothing. Stories. 1933.
_____. Green Hills of Africa. Novel. 1935.
_____. To Have and Have Not. Novel. 1937.
_____. The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories. 1938.
_____. For Whom the Bell Tolls. Novel. 1940.
_____. Men at War. Stories. 1942.
_____. The Old Man and the Sea. Novel. 1952.
_____. The Dangerous Summer. Report. 1960.
_____. A Moveable Feast. Memoir. 1964.
_____. Islands in the Stream. Novel. 1970.
_____. The Garden of Eden. Novel. 1986.
_____. True at First Light. Novel. 1999.



Hemingway was a major US novelist and short story writer; doctor's son, second of six children, b. Oak Park, Illinois; father committed suicide; reporter at Kansas City Star volunteer ambulance driver in Italy 1st WW, wounded and decorated; USA 1919, married and settled in Paris as foreign correspondent 1921, reporter at Greco-Turkish war 1922, "Lost Generation" expatriate with Ezra Pound, Fitzgerald and Gertrude Stein; became Catholic, reporter at the Spanish War; left-wing sympathies, lived Key West and Cuba; travelled widely, modernist aesthetics of impersonality, journalist, traveller, sportsman, big-game hunter and sporting fisherman; socialite, divorced, several marriages and divorces; alcoholic, suffered severe accidents, Nobel Prize for Literature 1954, seriously ill, electroshock sessions, committed suicide in Ketchum, Idaho.
















23-24 Nov.:  Necesitaremos las últimas lecturas del siglo XVIII: Sterne, Gray, Johnson, y también Blake y Wollstonecraft. Tenemos que pasar rápido a los autores del XIX, que el curso avanza.





Obras de William Blake  (1757-1827)


_____.  Songs of Innocence. 1789.
_____.  The Marriage of Heaven and Hell. c.1790-93.
_____.  America: A Prophecy. 1793.
_____.  Visions of the Daughters of Albion. 1793.
_____.   Songs of Experience. 1794.
_____.  The Book of Urizen. Poem. 1794.
_____.  Europe: A Prophecy. 1794.
_____.  The Book of Los.  Poem. 1795.
_____.  The Four Zoas (Orig. Vala), written and rev. 1797-1804.
_____.  Milton, a Poem in Two Books. 1804-8.
_____.  Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion. 1804-20.

William Blake y sus grabados
en Google Images.





Obras de Mary Wollstonecraft   (1759-1797)

_____. Thoughts on the Education of Daughters. 1787.
_____. Original Stories. Children's book. 1788.
_____. Mary: A Fiction.  1788.
_____. A Vindication of the Rights of Men.  1790.
_____. Vindication of the Rights of Woman.  1792. 
_____. An Historical and Moral View. . . of the French Revolution.  1794.
_____. Letters Written During a Short Residence in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. 1796.
_____. Maria, or The Wrongs of Woman.  Unfinished novel. In Posthumous Works, 1798.



Aquí una presentación sobre Mary Wollstonecraft como filósofa feminista:

Pulet, Rafael. "Mary Wollstonecraft: el inicio de una nueva era en el discurso feminista." Enredando en el Instituto
    http://proyectorosaleda2.blogspot.com.es/2010/03/mary-wollstonecraft-el-inicio-de-una.html



Uno de los amados de Mary Wollstonecraft: el pintor romántico Henry Fuseli (en Google Images).




Samuel Johnson  (1709-1784)
_____. "London, A Poem in Imitation of the Third Satire of Juvenal." 1738.
_____.  "The Vanity of Human Wishes: The Tenth Satire of Juvenal Imitated." 1749.
_____.  The Rambler.  London, 1750-2.
_____.  A Dictionary of the English Language: In Which the Words are Deduced from Their Originals, and Illustrated in Their Different Significations by Examples from the Best Writers.   2 vols. London, 1755. 
_____.  The Idler.  Periodical. 1758-60.
_____.  The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abisinia.  Novel. 1759.
_____, ed. The Plays of William Shakespeare, with Notes, etc.  1765.
_____.  Lives of the English Poets.  1778-1780. 
_____.  Prayers and Meditations. 1785.


Thomas Gray  (1716-1771)
_____.  Journal in France. Written 1739. Posthumous pub.
_____. "Ode on the Spring." 1742.
_____. "Ode to Adversity." 1742.
_____. "Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College." 1742.
_____. "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."  Written 1742-50. Pub. 1751.
_____. "The Progress of Poesy." Ode. Written. 1754. Pub. 1757.
_____.  "The Bard." Ode. Written 1754-57. Pub. 1757.
_____. "The Triumphs of Owen." Poem. Written c. 1764. Pub. 1768.
_____. "The Fatal Sisters. From the Norse Tongue."  Poem. Written 1761. Pub. 1768.
_____. "The Descent of Odin." Poem. Poem. Written 1761. Pub. 1768.
_____. Poems. 1768.
_____. Journal in the Lakes. Written 1769, pub. 1775.
_____. Poems. Ed. William Mason. 1775.












NIVEL AVANZADO:

Otros poetas importantes del XVIII, asociados a veces al "prerromanticismo", fueron:

- James Thomson (The Seasons)

- William Collins (Ode to Evening)

- Oliver Goldsmith (The Vicar of Wakefield, The Traveller, The Abandoned Village)

- William Cowper (The Task)

- Edward Young (Night Thoughts)

- Christopher Smart (Jubilate Agno)

- James Macpherson (The Poems of Ossian, fake ancient Celtic poems)

- Thomas Chatterton (author of fake medieval poems)



_____




Y otros prosistas de la época de Johnson que dejamos sin estudiar son

- George Berkeley - filósofo idealista, teorizador del "inmaterialismo".
- David Hume - Aquí un programa de Fernando Savater sobre este Ilustrado, uno de los más grandes filósofos británicos: David Hume, la aventura del pensamiento.
- Adam Smith - Creador de la economía política, y de una teoría de las emociones humanas.
- Edmund Burke - Pensador político contrarrevolucionario, teorizador de la tradición de las instituciones.
- Edward Gibbon - Autor de la Historia del declive y caída del Imperio Romano, gran obra histórica.
- James Boswell - Biógrafo, autor de la Vida de Samuel Johnson.


Coetáneos con Mary Wollstonecraft y con la Revolución Francesa, podemos mencionar a otros pensadores políticos a su esposo William Godwin, y a Thomas Paine, también inspirador de la revolución norteamericana.

___________________





Laurence Sterne (1713-1768)
_____. A Political Romance. 1759. Later called The History of a Good Warm Watch Coat.
_____. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman.  Novel. 9 vols. 1759-67.
_____. Sermons. 7 vols. 1760-1769.
_____. A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy, by Mr Yorick. Travel book. 1761.
_____. Letters from Yorick to Eliza. 1773.




NIVEL AVANZADO:

La aporía temporal de Tristram Shandy



Otros novelistas significativos de finales del siglo XVIII son:



- Tobias Smollett (Humphry Clinker)

- Frances Burney (Evelina, Cecilia...)

- Ann Radcliffe (The Mysteries of Udolpho)



_________________________

SECCIÓN B (SIGLO XX): RECORDAD QUE YA PODÉIS IR LEYENDO Y ESTUDIANDO LOS TEXTOS DE ESTA SECCIÓN, QUE ESTÁN EN REPROGRAFÍA. PARA DUDAS Y CONSULTAS SOBRE ELLOS Y LOS AUTORES DE LA SECCIÓN B, PODÉIS ACUDIR TAMBIÉN A TUTORÍAS.



VIRGINIA WOOLF     (1882-1941)
_____. The Voyage Out. Novel. 1915.
_____. Night and Day. Novel. 1919.
_____. "The Mark on the Wall." Experimental prose. http://www.online-literature.com/virginia_woolf/855/
_____. Jacob's Room. Novel. 1922.
_____. Mrs. Dalloway. Novel. London: Hogarth, 1925.
_____. The Common Reader.  1925.
_____. To the Lighthouse. Fiction. 1927.
_____. Orlando: A Biography. Novel. 1928.
_____. A Room of One's Own. 1929.
_____. The Waves. Novel. 1931.
_____. The Years. Novel. 1937.
_____. Between the Acts. Experimental novel. 1941.
_____. The Moment and Other Essays. 1948.
_____. A Writer's Diary.
_____. Moments of Being. Memoirs.
_____. The Diary of Virginia Woolf.



Woolf was an English woman of letters, modernist writer and forerunner of feminist criticism, b. at High Park Gate as Adeline Virginia Stephen, daughter of Leslie Stephen and Julia Duckworth; l Bloomsbury 1904-, nucleus of the "Bloomsbury Group" of intellectuals and artists; contributor to the Times Literary Supplement; m. Leonard Woolf 1912; editor at Hogarth Press; leading modernist novelist and critic; loving "lesbian" friendship with Vita Sackville-West; frequent mental disturbances; committed suicide by drowning in the river Ouse, Sussex.

El grupo de Bloomsbury, círculo modernista bohemio chic de Londres.


____________________

NIVEL AVANZADO (Sección B)

Un comentario de un pasaje de A Room of One's Own, un momento de reflexión sobre la mente andrógina y otro sobre el estilo de Woolf y su uso del tiempo tan característico de la novela modernista.



Virginia Woolf. Un documental sobre su vida de Academy Media: http://youtu.be/2Hnlsh8WyPE

— y una película basada en su novela Mrs. Dalloway, con Vanessa Redgrave.  http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/mrs-dalloway.html<





Sobre la figura de Virginia Woolf podéis ver también la película The Hours (2002) un homenaje a la autora basado en una novela de Michael Cunningham—es más que recomendable, pero fuera de programa, por supuesto.






_________________________





HENRY FIELDING         (1707-1754)

_____. The Author's Farce And the Pleasures of the Town. 1730.
_____. The Tragedy of Tragedies, or Tom Thumb the Great. 1731.
_____. The Covent Garden Tragedy. 1732.
_____. The Mock Doctor. 1732. Adaptation of Molière's Le Médecin Malgré Lui.
_____. The Miser. 1733. Adaptation of Molière's L'Avare.
_____. Don Quixote in England. Comedy. 1736.
_____. Pasquin. Farce. 1737.
_____. The Historical Register for the Year 1736. Farce. 1737.
_____. The Champion. Periodical. 1739.
_____. (Attr.). An Apology for the Life of Mrs Shamela Andrews, etc., by Conny Keyber. Parody. 1741.
_____. The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews, and of His Friend Mr Abraham Adams: Written in Imitation of the Manner of Cervantes, Author of "Don Quixote". Novel. 1742.
_____. A Journey from this World to the Next. Menippean satire. In Miscellanies.Vol. 2. 1743.
_____. The Life of Mr. Jonathan Wild the Great. Novel. In Fielding, Miscellanies. Vol. 3. 1743.
_____. The True Patriot. Periodical. 1745-46.
_____. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. Novel. 1749.
_____. Amelia. Novel. 1751.

_____. The Covent-Garden Journal. Periodical. 1752.
_____. Proposal for Making an Effectual Provision for the Poor. 1753.
_____. A Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon. 1754.



Fielding is an English novelist, dramatist and journalist; gentleman; st. Leiden; lawyer and anti-Walpole satirist; social reformer; Westminster magistrate, severe illness, d. Lisbon. Some notes here.


Hogarth - Canvassing for votes
William Hogarth, "Canvassing for Votes"





SAMUEL RICHARDSON     (1689-1761)richardson pamela 1741

_____. Letters Written to and for Particular Friends, on the most important Occasions. Directing not only the Requisite Style and Forms to be observed in Writing Familiar Letters; but how to think and act justly and prudently, in the common Concerns of Human Life. 1741.
_____. [Unsigned] Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded.  Novel. 1740.
_____. Pamela in Her Exalted Condition. Novel. 1741.
_____. Clarissa, or, The History of a Young Lady.  Novel. 8 vols. 1747-48. 
_____. The History of Sir Charles Grandison. Novel. 1753-4.



Richarson, a major English novelist, began as London printer apprentice, was later a prosperous self-made businessman; family man, distressed by death of many children and wife; remarried, nervous disorders; master printer of London and bourgeois novelist; developed sentimental epistolary novel with psychological and "feminist" interest. Some notes here:
AN INTRODUCTION TO SAMUEL RICHARDSON











NIVEL AVANZADO:


Un audio de la BBC sobre Epistolary Fiction in the 18th century
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00775dh



clarissa harlowe
Clarissa Harlowe

Un serial televisivo basado en Richardson:

Clarissa. BBC miniseries. Dir. Robert Bierman. Based on Samuel Richardson's novel. Cast: Saskia Wickham, Sean Bean. Prod. Prod. Kevin Loader. Prod. BBC, 1991. DVD. BBC 2 / Just Entertainment, 1996.* Online at YouTube:
    http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLE6954740BC75386E



______

The Rise of the Novel: Notas de Ian Watt sobre Defoe, y sobre Richardson y Fielding: http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2014/12/notes-on-ian-watts-rise-of-novel.html







________________

ATENCION, HE INDICADO EN EL PROGRAMA A PIE DE ESTA PÁGINA, LOS PRINCIPALES AUTORES, LOS QUE PUEDEN ENTRAR COMO UNO DE LOS DOS TEMAS DE EXAMEN. (LAS PREGUNTAS CORTAS PUEDEN REFERIRSE A CUALQUIER AUTOR DEL PROGRAMA). Recordad que el examen consta de: varias preguntas tipo test, de elección múltiple; dos temas a elegir uno—un autor de la mencionada lista, en negrita, o una pregunta sobre un género literario en una determinada época). Y un comentario de texto, la pregunta más importante, de uno de los textos de lectura obligatoria. (Para comentar o para traducir, sin diccionario).




Veremos esta semana los textos de Swift, y luego pasamos a Richardson y Fielding.




______________

SECCIÓN B: NIVEL AVANZADO

Muchos autores quedan fuera de programa, entre ellos algunos de los más populares actualmente—Stephen King, Agatha Christie.... Como no podemos incluir más autores en el programa, para curiosear sobre estos "fuera de programa" os remito a la Wikipedia, que es excelente sitio para empezar—incluyendo los autores del programa. Aquí Agatha Christie (en la edición inglesa mejor, claro).

En SparkNotes http://www.sparknotes.com  encontráis abundantes materiales didácticos sobre literatura inglesa.



_______________


Main works by yahoo

Jonathan Swift (1667-1745).

_____. The Battle of the Books. Written 1696-8. Pub. 1704.
_____.  A Tale of a Tub.  Satire. Written 1696-8. Pub.1704, 1710.
_____, ed. The Examiner (Bolingbroke’s Tory newspaper). 1710.
_____. Journal to Stella. 1710-1713. Pub. 1766-8.
_____. Proposal for the Universal Use of Irish Manufacture. Pamphlet. 1720.
_____. Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, by Lemuel Gulliver. Written 1721-25. London, 1726.
_____. The Drapier's Letters. Pamphlet series. 1724.
_____. A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Poor People from Being a Burthen to Their Parents or Country. 1729.
_____. "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift." Satire. 1731, pub. 1739.
_____. Works. 4 vols. Dublin: George Faulkner, 1735.



____________________________

Some notes on Swift and on other prose writers of the early 18th c.









______

Some works by Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)  (Daniel Foe to 1695)

_____. An Essay upon Projects.  1697.
_____. Enquiry into the Occasional Conformity of Dissenters. Pamp
Daniel Defoehlet. 1698.
_____. Legion's Memorial to the House of Commons. Pamphlet. 1701.
_____. The True-Born Englishman.  Satirical poem. 1701.
_____. The Shortest Way with the Dissenters. Hoax pamphlet. 1702.
_____. Hymn to the Pillory. Satirical poem. 1702.
_____. The Review. Journalism. 1704-13.
_____. True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs. Veal. Tale. 1706.
_____. Mercator, or Commerce Retriev'd. Journal. 1713-14.
_____. The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner. Memoir novel. 1719. 
_____. The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: Being the Second and Last Part of his Life. Narrative. 1719.
_____. Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: With his Vision of the Angelick World.  1720.
_____. The Memoirs of a Cavalier. Memoir novel. 1720.
_____.  Captain Singleton.  Memoir novel.  1720.
_____. The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders. Memoir novel. 1722. 
_____.  Colonel Jacque.  Memoir novel.  1722.
_____. A Journal of the Plague Year. Apocryphal memoir. 1722.
_____. Religious Courtship. Moral treatise. 1722.
_____. Roxana, The Fortunate Mistress. Memoir novel. 1724.
_____. A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain. Guide book.  3 vols. 1724-26.
_____. The Complete English Tradesman. Non-fiction. 1726.
_____. A Plan of the English Commerce. Non-fiction. 1728.
_____. The Complete English Gentleman.  Non-fiction. Pub. 1890.


Some introductory notes to Daniel Defoe, from the Oxford Companion to English Literature.

Una versión cinematográfica de Robinson Crusoe, de Defoe, dirigida por Luis Buñuel:







En el proyecto Desenredando el siglo XVIII del Instituto Rosaleda hay varias presentaciones relativas a literatura inglesa del XVIII.



An introductory lecture to the neoclassical period in English Literature.

_______


NIVEL AVANZADO:

Otras "memorias" tras Defoe...

Cleland, John (1710-1789).  Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (or, Fanny Hill). Novel. 1748-49. La obra más sexualmente explícita de la literatura clásica inglesa.
_____.  Memoirs of a Coxcomb. Novel. 1751.
_____.  The Surprises of Love. Novel. 1764.
_____.  The Woman of Honor. Novel. 1768.

Y un Robinson de fantasía,  en una isla de indígenas alados:

Robert Paltock (1697-1767). The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins, a Cornishman. 1751.




Esta semana traed los textos de Pope, e id leyendo los de Defoe y Swift, que son algo más largos.




LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU (1689-1762, née Mary Pierrepont)
_____. Town Eclogues and Court Poems. 1716.
_____. (Anon.). The Nonsense of Common Sense. Periodical. 1737-38.
_____. Letters. 4 vols. 1763-7.

JOHN GAY (1685-1732)
_____. Wine. Poem. 1708.
_____. The Shepherd's Week. Mock pastorals. 1714.
_____. Trivia, or the Art of Walking the Streets of London. Mock georgic. 1716.
_____. Acis and Galatea. Libretto for Handel's opera: https://youtu.be/xgausDURFLE
_____. Fables. 1727, 1738.
_____. The Beggar's Opera. Musical. 1728.
_____. Polly. Musical. 1729.
min.34.45


Some works by

ALEXANDER POPE     (1688-1744)

(English poet, son of a Catholic businessman; small and crook-backed, poor health; l. unmarried in Twickenham; Catholic/deist, associated first with Whigs and soon with Scriblerus club of Tory satirists; friend of Gay, Swift, Arbuthnot, Bolingbroke; quarrelsome man of letters, conservative Tory critic of men and manners; neoclassical model in English poetry after Dryden)

_____. Pastorals. 1709.
_____.  An Essay on Criticism.  1711. 
_____. The Rape of the Lock. First version. 1712. Enlarged ed. 1714.
_____. "Windsor Forest." 1713.
_____, trans. Iliad. 1715-20.
_____. "Epistle of Eloisa to Abelard." Poem. 1717.
_____. The Works.  1717.
_____. "Preface to The Works of Shakespear."  1725. 
_____, trans. Odyssey. 1725-26. (In collaboration)
_____.  Peri Bathous or, The Art of Sinking in Poetry.  1727. 
_____. The Dunciad. books I-III. 1728-1743.
_____. Essay on Man. 1733-1734.
_____. Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot.  Poem. 1735.
_____. Imitations of Horace. 1737.




pope alexander



JOHN LOCKE     (1632-1704)
English empiricist philosopher and political theorist, b. Wrington, Somersetshire; Lecturer, physician and philosopher; assistant to the First Earl of Shaftesbury, Whig political theorist, exile in Netherlands 1682-88; customs official after revolution; d Oates, Essex; influential theorist of knowledge and economist; proto-liberal, defends political and religious toleration.
_____.  Letters for Toleration. 1690-92.
_____. (Anon.). Two Treatises of Government.  1689.
_____. (Signed). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 1689.
_____. Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money. 1691.
_____. Some Thoughts Concerning Education. 1693.
_____. The Reasonableness of Christianity. 1695.






John Locke (Wikipedia).





__________________

NIVEL AVANZADO:

Other Augustan Prose Writers


Shaftesbury (1671-1713)

Anthony Ashley Cooper, The Third Earl of Shaftesbury (Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions , and Times, 1711) gave an influential formulation to many ideas of the Enlightenment. Optimistic theodicy, a defense that evil is necessary for the overall good of the universe (like Pope and Bolingbroke). He defends the notions of the Great Chain of Being and of a full universe. Social morality is derived from innate human benevolence: a belief based on the contemplation of the order of the Universe. He advocates a rational christianity.



Joseph Butler  (1692-1752)
_____. Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature. 1736.

Butler was a Bishop of the Church of England. His main work, the Analogy of Religion,  is a defense of Christianity, which tries to justify the necessity of revealed religion from the evidence of order that we find in Nature. Butler is a product of the age of Reason in matters of religion: but he uses reason, or an appearance of reason, to affirm the doctrine of established Christianity. This was considered by many the definitive proof of divine order against the attacks of skeptical philosophy and science.
SAMUEL PEPYS  (1633-1703)
(English writer, author of a secret diary, unpublished and undecyphered until the 19th century; lower middle class Puritan background, Anglican; st. with a scholarship, social promotion, official at the Navy office during the Restoration; imprisoned during Popish Plot and after 1688 Revolution; reformer of the Navy office, member of the Royal Society)
Pepys, Samuel.  Diary. Written 1660-69. Deciphered by John Smith; pub. 1825-.

JOHN EVELYN          (1620-1706)
(English royalist gentleman, travelled in Europe during 1640s; polygraph, virtuoso and member of the Royal Society, friend of S. Pepys)
Evelyn, John. Fumifugium ot The Smoak of London Dissipated. Project. 1661.
_____. Tyrannus, or the Mode. Essay. 1661.
_____. Terra, or A Philosophical Discourse of Earth. 1675.
_____. Liberty and Servitude. Treatise. 1649.
_____. A Character of England. Essay. 1659.
_____. London Revived: Considerations for its Rebuilding in 1666. (= "Londinium Redivivum").
_____. Diary.  Written 1641-. Ed.  1818.



________________________



SECCIÓN B:

Uno de los autores centrales del siglo XX, T. S. Eliot, autoridad literaria y modelo de poeta modernista, a caballo entre Estados Unidos e Inglaterra.

tseliot
T.S. Eliot: an introduction from the Norton Anthology

And some additional notes on Eliot as a critic: Modernist poetry and criticism (T.S. Eliot).




______

SECCIÓN B, NIVEL AVANZADO:

English Drama from Congreve to Eliot: http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2014/11/drama-from-beginning-of-eighteenth.html


An audio on literary modernism:
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00547fv


_________











SARAH EGERTON     (1670-1723)

(née Fyge, outspoken feminist, precocious writer, teenage feminist; sent to the country by her parents to repress her, forced to marry Edward Field, widow, m. cousin Reverend Thomas Egerton, unsuccessfuly sued for divorce, loved Henry Pierce, object of scandal and public ridicule, forgotten as a poet and recovered by feminist critics in the 20th century)

_____. (anon.). The Female Advocate or, an Answer to a Late Satyr Against the Pride, Lust and Inconstancy, c. of Woman. Written by a Lady in Vindication of her Sex. 1686.
(A verse satire published in response to Robert Gould's misogynist satire, A Late Satyr Against the Pride, Lust, and Inconstancy, etc. of Woman, 1682).
_____. (signed S. F.). Poems on Several Occasions, Together with a Pastoral… 1703.
_____. "The Emulation."   http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/poems/emulation







Sarah Egerton: The Emulation

Say, tyrant Custom, why must we obey
The impositions of thy haughty sway?
From the first dawn of life unto the grave,
Poor womankind's in every state a slave,
The nurse, the mistress, parent and the swain,
For love she must, there's none escape that pain.
Then comes the last, the fatal slavery:
The husband with insulting tyranny
Can have ill manners justified by law,
For men all join to keep the wife in awe.
Moses, who first our freedom did rebuke,
Was married when he writ the Pentateuch.
They're wise to keep us slaves, for well they know,
If we were loose, we should soon make them so.
We yield like vanquished kings whom fetters bind,
When chance of war is to usurpers kind;
Submit in form; but they'd our thoughts control,
And lay restraints on the impassive soul.
They fear we should excel their sluggish parts,
Should we attempt the sciences and arts;
Pretend they were designed for them alone,
So keep us fools to raise their own renown.
Thus priests of old, their grandeur to maintain,
Cried vulgar eyes would sacred laws profane;
So kept the mysteries behind a screen:
Their homage and the name were lost had they been seen.
But in this blessèd age such freedom's given,
That every man explains the will of heaven;
And shall we women now sit tamely by,
Make no excursions in philosophy,
Or grace our thoughts in tuneful poetry?
We will our rights in learning's world maintain;
Wit's empire now shall know a female reign.
Come, all ye fair, the great attempt improve,
Divinely imitate the realms above:
There's ten celestial females govern wit,
And but two gods that dare pretend to it.
And shall these finite males reverse their rules?
No, we'll be wits, and then men must be fools.
   
                                (1703)


La emulación, de Sarah Egerton



__________________

NIVEL AVANZADO:

Otra escritora feminista del 1700, Mary Astell, con su Serious Advice to the Ladies y sus Reflections on Marriage.
"Mary Astell." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Astell



____________________________

SECCIÓN B:

ROBERT FROST    (1874-1963)

(Robert Lee Frost, US poet, b. San Francisco; England 1912-15, friend of Edward Thomas; l. New Hampshire, affiliated teacher at Amherst, Harvard and Michigan, unofficial Laureate, invited to Kennedy's inauguration, d. Boston; popular as quintessential American poet of country life, colloquial tone, humanist individualist reflections on work, nature, character, and of life experience)


Works

Frost, Robert. A Boy's Will. Poems. England, 1913.
_____. North of Boston. Poems. England, 1914.
_____. "The Road Not Taken." Poem. In Frost, Mountain Interval. 1916.
_____. "Birches." Poem. In Frost, Mountain Interval. 1916.
_____. Mountain Interval. Poems. 1916.
_____. New Hampshire. Poems. 1923. (Pulitzer Prize).
_____. Collected Poems. 1930. (Pulitzer Prize). 2nd ed. 1939.
_____. A Further Range. 1936. (Pulitzer Prize).
_____. A Witness Tree. Poems. 1942. (Pulitzer Prize).
_____. In the Clearing. Poems. 1962.


A few notes on Robert Frost, from the Oxford Companion to American Literature:
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/robert-frost.html

And one of his most famous poems: "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"





NIVEL AVANZADO

There are a couple of lectures on Frost, and lectures on some other twentieth-century poets, in this course from Yale

Hammer, Langdon. "Modern Poetry (ENGL 310)." 17-video series. YouTube (Yale Courses)
    http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLh9mgdi4rNewA25FVJ-lawQ-yr-alF58z
 


______________________



Sección A: Vamos acabando el siglo XVII,  y pasamos a los autores que escribieron mayormente en el siglo XVIII. Una frontera (aparte de la que marcan los siglos) es la que establece la Glorious Revolution de 1688, inicio definitivo del moderno sistema de monarquía parlamentaria.





_______________________

NIVEL AVANZADO

Una autora significativa de la época de la Restauración es Aphra Behn  (1640-1689).  Destaca su novela Oroonoko; or, The Royal Slave (1688).
Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave is a novel by Aphra Behn (1640-1689). Aphra Behn was the first woman writer in England to make a living by her pen, and her novel Oroonoko was the first work published in English to express sympathy for African slaves. Perhaps based partly on Behn's own experiences living in Surinam, the novel tells the tragic story of a noble slave, Oroonoko, and his love Imoinda. The work was an instant success and was adapted for the stage in 1695. Behn's work paved the way for women writers who came after her, as Virginia Woolf noted in A Room of One's Own (1928): "All women together ought to let flowers fall upon the tomb of Aphra Behn, ... for it was she who earned them the right to speak their minds."



The Theatre of the Restoration notes from A History of English Literature, by Legouis and Cazamian.

Al final de la época de la Restauración corresponde la que quizá sea la mejor ópera inglesa clásica: Dido and Aeneas de Henry Purcell:












JOHN DRYDEN     (1631-1700)


English man of letters, b. Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire; st. Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge; Parliamentarian protestant background, soon Anglican Royalist courtier, converted to catholicism 1686; successful playwright, Poet Laureate 1668; Historiographer 1670; Tory satirist and polemicist vs. Whigs; lost jobs in 1688 Revolution; then jacobite; neoclassical critic and translator; influential dramatist, poet and critic, d. London; buried at Westminster Abbey after some grotesque incidents.


Algunas obras de John Dryden:

_____. "A Poem upon the Death of His Late Highness, Oliver, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland." 1659. Rev. version: "Heroic Stanzas Consecrated to the Memory of His Highness Oliver..."
_____. Astraea Redux. A Poem on the Happy Restoration and Return of his Sacred Majesty Charles the Second. Poem. 1660.
_____. "To His Sacred Majesty, A Panegyrick on his Coronation." 1661.
_____. The Rival Ladies. Tragicomedy. 1664.
_____. The Indian Emperor, or The Conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards. Heroic drama. 1665.
_____.  Annus Mirabilis, The Year of wonders, 1666. An Historical Poem: containing the Progress and various Successes of our Naval War with Holland, under the Conduct of His Highness Prince Rupert, and His Grace the Duke of Albemarl. And describing the Fire of London.  1667.
_____. The Tempest, or The Enchanted Island.  Operatic adaptation, with William Davenant. 1667, pr. 1670.
_____.  Of Dramatic Poesy: An Essay.  1668. 
_____. Tyrannick love, or , The Royal Martyr. Heroic play 1669.
_____. Almanzor and Almahide, or The Conquest of Granada. Drama. 2 parts, 1669, 1670. Pub. 1672.
_____. Marriage à la Mode. Comedy 1672.
_____. Aureng-Zebe. Heroic play. 1676.
_____. All for Love; or, The World Well Lost. Tragedy. 1677, pr. 1678.
_____. Mac-Flecknoe, or A Satyr upon the True-Blew-Protestant Poet, T. S.  1676, pub. 1682.
_____. The Spanish Fryar, or The Double Discovery.  Tragicomedy. 1680.
_____.  (Anon.) Absalom and Achitophel.  (1st part). Satirical poem. 1681.
_____. The Medall. A Satyre against Sedition. By the Author of Absalom and Achitophel. Poem. 1682.
_____. Religio Laici.  Poem. 1682.
_____. To the Pious Memory of Mrs. Anne Killigrew. Poem. 1686.
_____. The Hind and the Panther. A Poem. In Three Parts.  1687.
_____. Song for St. Cecilia's Day.  1687. Set by Draghi in 1687.
_____. King Arthur or The British Worthy. Dramatic opera. Music by Purcell. 1691.
_____, trans. Aeneis. By Virgil. 1697.
_____.  Fables Ancient and Modern, Translated into Verse from Homer, Virgil, Boccacce, and Chaucer.  1699.
Dryden, John, and William Soames, trans. Art Poétique. By Boileau. 1683.



Cosas de Dryden: Unas notas sobre su figura y obra... Bueno, mirad también su página de Luminarium. Eso vale para todos estos autores. 

En la semiópera de Dryden "King Arthur," con música de Purcell, se encuentra una curiosa canción, "Cold Song", aquí la canta Klaus Nomi:


He mencionado la "Oda a Santa Cecilia" de Dryden; le puso música Draghi pero luego escribió otra partitura Handel. La podéis escuchar en varias versiones en YouTube. Aquí hay un fragmento:



Las colaboraciones y versiones de Dryden son innumerables. Aquí hay, de una versión que hizo de Edipo Rey, también con números musicales de Purcell, una canción sobre el encantamiento de la música, "Music for a While":



________
 
NIVEL AVANZADO:

La literatura dramática de la época de la Restauración está especialmente cercana a la literatura francesa. Sobre los dramaturgos de la Restauración, podéis leer este capítulo de la historia de la literatura inglesa de Legouis y Cazamian: The Theatre of the Restoration.

A propósito del teatro de la Restauración, existe la película The Libertine, con Johnny Depp, sobre el conde de Rochester. Por Internet la podéis localizar. Está basada en una obra de teatro actual, de Stephen Jeffers. Ojo que no es para todos los gustos. Otra buena película sobre el teatro inglés allá a principios de los años 1660 es Stage Beauty (titulada en español
Belleza  Prohibida).

______



Otros autores importantes de la época de la Commonwealth y la Restauración: Thomas Hobbes (teorizador político, autor de Leviathan ) y John Bunyan, autor de narraciones religiosas como The Pilgrim's Progress.

Uno de los manuales que podéis usar para ampliar materia sobre esta parte del curso es un viejo clásico: A Critical History of English Literature de David Daiches.  Aquí la sección The Restoration to 1800.

________



Algunas obras de Milton. Por cierto, bibliografías más completas de todos estos autores se encuentran en http://bit.ly/abiblio

JOHN MILTON         (1608-1674)

English poet, son of a London musician and scrivener; st. Christ's College, Cambridge, BA 1628, MA 1632; turned vs. Anglicanism, then private study at father's house in Buckinghamshire; tour of Italy late 30s; private tutor and active Protestant pamphleteer and polemicist in London; m  Mary Powell, of Royalist family, 1643, estranged for some time, advocated divorce; reconciliation with wife; austere and authoritarian patriarch, militant masculinist, Independent critic of Presbyterians, Latin secretary to the Commonwealth, supported regicide, apologist of Cromwell; blind 1652; wife d. after childbirth, son died, 3 surviving daughters; m. Katharine Woodcock, d. after childbirth; m. Elizabeth Minshull after Restoration (no surviving children from later wives); protected Royalists under war and Commonwealth and was protected by Davenant and Marvell after Restoration, fined but pardoned, abandoned political activity, private life as man of letters, historian, theologian and neoclassical poet, helped by his family and visitors, organ player for recreation.


_____."On the Morning of Christ's Nativity. Compos'd 1629." Ode. In Poems. 1645.
_____. "An Epitaph on the admirable Dramaticke Poet, W. Shakespeare." Sonnet. 1630.
_____. "L'Allegro." Poem. Written c. 1631.
_____. "Il Penseroso." Poem. Written c. 1631.
_____. Comus. Masque. 1634.
_____. "Lycidas." Pastoral elegy. 1637.
_____. Of Reformation Touching Church Discipline in England. 1641.
_____. The Reason of Church Government Urg'd Against Prelaty, by Mr. John Milton. 1641-42.
_____. The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce. 1643.
_____. Areopagitica: A Speech of Mr John Milton For the Liberty of Unlicenc'd Printing, To the Parliament of England. 1644.
_____. Poems / of / Mr. John Milton, / both / English and Latin, / Compos'd at Several Times. / 1645.
_____. "On the new forcers of Conscience under the Long PARLIAMENT." Expanded sonnet. c. 1646.
_____. The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. 1649.
_____. EIKONOCLASTES. 1649.
_____. Pro populo Anglicano Defensio. Political pamphlet. 1651.
_____. "Cromwell, our Chief of Men.." Sonnet. Pub. 1694.
_____. "When I Consider How My Light Is Spent." Sonnet. c. 1652.
_____. "Sonnet XV. On the late Massacher in Piedmont." Sonnet. 1655.
_____. "Sonnet XIX ('Methought I saw my late espoused Saint')." 1658.
_____.  Paradise lost. / A / POEM  / Written in / TEN BOOKS / By JOHN  MILTON./  1667. Rev. in 12 books, 1674.
_____.  History of Britain. 1670.
_____. PARADISE / REGAIN'D. / A / POEM. / In IV BOOKS. / To which is added / SAMSON AGONISTES. 1671.



__________



John Milton: Paradise Lost

From Book 1
Of Man's first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death into the World, and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful Seat,
Sing, Heavenly Muse, that, on the secret top
Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didst inspire
That shepherd who first taught the chosen seed
In the beginning how the heavens and earth
Rose out of Chaos: or, if Sion hill
Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flowed
Fast by the oracle of God, I thence
Invoke thy aid to my adventurous song,
That with no middle flight intends to soar
Above th' Aonian mount, while it pursues
Things unattempted yet in prose or rhyme.
And chiefly Thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer
Before all temples th' upright heart and pure,
Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first
Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread,
Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast Abyss,
And mad'st it pregnant: what in me is dark
Illumine, what is low raise and support;
That, to the height of this great argument,
I may assert Eternal Providence,
And justify the ways of God to men.



Materiales sobre John Milton en Internet abundan:

"John Milton (1608-1674)." en Luminarium.
    http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/milton/



Spark Notes: Paradise Lost
    http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/paradiselost/


_______________________________

NIVEL AVANZADO: 


Una lección sobre Paradise Lost, de Ian Johnston.


En la Universidad de Yale hay todo un curso sobre Milton, de John Rogers, en vídeo. Aquí comenta el principio de Paradise Lost:






Otro importante autor de la época republicana de la Commonwealth es el filósofo y teorizador político Thomas Hobbes
(1588-1679) con su obra Leviathan: Or the Matter, Form, and Power of A Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil (1651),  una defensa del absolutismo como garantía de la paz.

leviathan

Obsérvese en las ilustraciones el paralelismo entre los aspectos "civil" y "eclesiástico" de la comunidad regida por el absolutismo, y cómo Hobbes concibe a la Iglesia como otra dimensión más de la política, con sus propias armas, fortalezas y ejércitos.


Aquí un comentario sobre su teoría de la representación política: "How to Make Artificial Persons."
    http://www.ibercampus.eu/how-to-make-artificial-people-3485.htm




Una introducción a Hobbes, en español, de parte de Fernando Savater.



Otros prosistas del siglo XVII:

Sir Francis Bacon  (1561-1626)

_____. Essays. 
1597, 1612, 1625.   Observaciones sobre prudencia, gobierno, sabiduría, y ética, por parte de un político importante.
_____.  The Advancement of Learning.
1605.  Una panorámica del conocimiento de su época y de sus progresos.
_____.  Novum Organum. 
1620.  Una nueva teoría de la ciencia experimental, en oposición a Aristóteles.
_____. The New Atlantis.
1627. Una visión utópica del futuro de la ciencia.

Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682)
_____.  Religio Medici.   1643. Una defensa de la fe y de la moderación en religión, desde el punto de vista anglicano.
_____. Vulgar Errors (Pseudodoxia Epidemica). 1646. Una colección de curiosidades históricas y científicas, y refutación de errores populares al respecto.
_____. 
Hydriotaphia, or Urn Burial... together with The Garden of Cyrus.  1658. Una meditación sobre la mortalidad y las sepulturas, y otra sobre la estructura numérica del universo.

John Bunyan (1628-1688)
_____. Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners. Spiritual autobiography. 1666.
_____. The Pilgrim's Progress. Allegorical fiction. Part I, 1678. Part II, 1684.



Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon  (1609-1674) - a major historian of the Civil War.
_____. The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England.  3 vols. Finished 1671-2. Pub. 1702-4.

Robert Burton    (1577-1640)
_____. The Anatomy of Melancholy. 1621-1638.
(An encyclopedic baroque treatise on depression, madness, and love melancholy).





_______________________

26-27 octubre: Traed los textos de Marvell, Milton, Rochester, y Dryden.




Tenéis ya en Reprografía el segundo bloque de fotocopias: el de los autores del siglo XX que  no veremos (mayormente) en clase. Id leyendo y estudiando esta sección por vuestra cuenta, con los manuales y con los materiales que iré poniendo sobre estos autores en la web, marcados como SECCIÓN B:


SECCIÓN B:

_____

JAMES JOYCE         (1882-1941)

    (Expatriate Irish writer, leading modernist, experimental novelist; l. Trieste, Paris)



Joyce, James. Dubliners. Short stories. 1914.
_____. Exiles. Drama.
_____. Stephen Hero.
_____. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.  1916.
_____ . Ulysses. Experimental novel. Paris, 1922.
_____. Collected Poems. 1937.
_____. Finnegans Wake. Experimental novel. 1939.




An introduction to James Joyce, from the NORTON ANTHOLOGY: http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/james-joyce.html


Jorge Luis Borges, "Conferencia sobre James Joyce." (audio): https://youtu.be/i_ZTt_JQXRU



___________

SECCIÓN B, NIVEL AVANZADO:

Este año hubo un ciclo sobre James Joyce en el Teatro de las Esquinas (Zaragoza). Pueden verse vídeos en YouTube.

James Joyce: ULYSSES. Un documental/adaptación sobre la novela:






ULYSSES (film version):





_______




Aquí hay unas indicaciones sobre cómo hacer un comentario de texto. Si queréis hacer prácticas, o consultas sobre cómo comentar alguno de los textos, dudas de interpretación, etc., podéis venir a comentarlo a las horas de tutorías.










ANDREW MARVELL         (1621-1678)
    (English metaphysical poet and satirist, b. Winestead-in-Holderness, Yorkshire; l. Kingston-upon-Hull, st. Trinity College, Cambridge, BA 1639; father died while A.M. a student, patronized by wealthy friends, 1640s travels widely in Europe, visits Constantinople; 1651-2 tutor for Sir Thomas Fairfax's family at Nunappleton, Yorkshire, later tutor employed by Oliver Cromwell near Eton; then l. London, 1657 assistant to Milton as Latin Secretary; 1660, 1661 MP for Hull, 1662-5 diplomatic secretary in Holland and Russia; Opposition MP for Hull, salaried by constituents; friend of Prince Rupert, anti-Government satirist under the Restoration, anti-Anglican polemicist, refused employment and bribes from the King, d. of a 'tertian ague', some say poisoned; buried at St. Giles; works published posthumously by his housekeeper or alleged wife)


_____. "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland." Written 1650. (Absent from most copies of Miscellaneous Poems 1681).
_____. "Upon Appleton House." Poem. 1651, pub. 1678.
_____. "Bermudas." Poem.
_____. "The Garden." Poem. Early 1650s? Luminarium
    http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/marvell/garden.htm
_____. "The Mower against Gardens." Poem. Early 1650s?
    http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/marvell/mowagainst.htm
_____. "To His Coy Mistress."     http://www.poetsgraves.co.uk/Classic%20Poems/Marvell/to_his_coy_mistress.htm

_____. (Anon.). An Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government in England....  Prose satire. "Amsterdam", 1678. (Folio).
_____. Miscellaneous Poems.  1681.



Sobre Andrew Marvell, unos apuntes complementarios.




_____________________________________________
NIVEL AVANZADO:
A BBC audio on "The Metaphysical Poets."
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00cbqhq
    2014


Otros poetas metafísicos que no vemos y apenas mencionamos:
Por ejemplo,
de Henry Vaughan podemos leer "Childhood": http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/vaughan/childhood.htm
O este poema, sobre la oración, del poeta religioso anglicano George Herbert, consistente en una serie de "metaphysical conceits":

                          Prayer (I)
Prayer, the Church's banquet, angel's age,
  God's breath in man returning to his birth,
  The soul in paraphrase, heart in pilgrimage,
The Christian plummet sounding heaven and Earth;
Engine against th' almighty, sinner's tower,
  Reversèd thunder, Christ-side-piercing spear,
  The six-days world transposing in an hour,
A kind of tune, which all things hear and fear,
Softness, and peace, and joy, and love, and bliss,
  Exalted manna, gladness of the best,
  Heaven in ordinary, man well dressed,
The Milky Way, the bird of paradise,
  Church-bells beyond the stars heard, the soul's blood,
  The land of spices; something understood.

_____________________









JOHN DONNE (1572-1631)
(English metaphysical poet, b. London, Catholic gentry stock; st. Oxford, Cambridge, Lincoln's Inn; travelled Spain and Italy; secretary to Lord Chancellor and MP; secretly married patron's niece Anne More, dismissed in disgrace; many children, impoverished gentry, l. Surrey, ordained Anglican Priest; favour at King James's Court, Dean of St. Paul's, theatrical preacher, notorious weaver of paradoxes and alambicated wit)

_____. "Songs and Sonets" —in Poems.
_____. Biathanatos. Written 1608, posth. pub.
_____. Pseudo-Martyr. 1610.
_____. The First Anniversary. Elegy. 1611.
_____. "Elegies"—in Poems.
_____. Ignatius His Conclave. Prose satire. 1610-11.
_____. "Divine Poems." —in  Poems.
_____. Devotions upon Emergent Occasions. 1624.
_____. Poems.  1633. 2nd ed. 1635.
_____. Essays in Divinity. 1651.



______________________
NIVEL AVANZADO:

Sobre "The Good-Morrow" está esta explicación que hice yo hace tiempo, o esta otra en vídeo.
Otro famoso poema de Donne: "The Canonization": http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/173353
John Donne.  In Luminarium:
http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/donne/index.html

Algunos textos y recursos de estudio sobre Donne:

"John Donne." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Donne
SparkNotes (Donne's poetry).
    http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/donne/


Audio / Video:
A lecture on John Donne and "A Valediction Forbidding Mourning":


A lecture upon John Donne:
Sherman, Ted. "John Donne Songs and Sonnets and Divine Poetry Lecture 1."    http://youtu.be/j9j8BfO0H2Q

_____________________










Mediado octubre
Unos apuntes sobre Ben Jonson.





BEN JONSON     (1572-1637)

(English dramatist and poet, b. Westminster, orphaned son of a Protestant minister, st. Westminster School, left Cambridge without a degree, masqueaprenticed as bricklayer to father-in-law; volonteer in Flanders army 1592, killed enemy in single combat, actor in London c. 1594, imprisoned for manslaughter, converted to Catholicism for some time, married 1594, children died; returned to Anglicanism 1606; pensioned by the King 1616; honorary MA Oxford 1619; poet for aristocratic patrons, apologist of Stuart royalty; neoclassical theorist and literary authority, overweight and hard drinker)


_____.  Every Man in his Humour. Comedy. 1596, 1598.
_____. Cynthia's Revels. Drama.  1600.
_____. Every Man Out of His Humour. Comedy. 1600.
_____. The Poetaster. Comedy. Acted at Blackfriars, 1601.
_____. Sejanus His Fall. Tragedy. 1603.
_____. The Masque of Blackness. Acted 1605.

_____. Volpone. Comedy. 1606.
_____. Epicoene: Or, The Silent Woman. Comedy. 1609-10.
_____. The Masque of Queens. 1609.
_____. The Alchemist. Comedy. c. 1610.
_____. Catiline His Conspiracy. Tragedy. Pub. 1611.
_____. Love Restored. Masque. 1612.
_____. Bartholomew Fair. Comedy. 1614.
_____. The Workes of Beniamin Jonson.  1616. 
_____. The Staple of Newes. Comedy. 1626.
_____. Works. 2nd ed. 1640. (Including: Timber: Or, Discoveries).







Y un poema de Ben Jonson dedicado a Shakespeare, "To the Memory of my Beloved, the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare..."



20 de octubre

Hablaremos hoy de Ben Jonson, John Donne y luego de Andrew Marvell.





________

Una introducción a Shakespeare en su contexto histórico

En Project Gutenberg tenéis los textos completos de todas las obras de Shakespeare. Por ejemplo:

The Tragedy of King Richard II


__________



NIVEL AVANZADO:

Una introducción a la literatura de la época isabelina:
Lee, Sidney. "The Elizabethan Age of English Literature." In Cambridge Modern History. Online:
http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenaref/cmh/cmh311.html

UNA EXCELENTE SERIE DE LA BBC SOBRE SHAKESPEARE: IN SEARCH OF SHAKESPEARE
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/12/in-search-of-shakespeare.html

Sobre Shakespeare había una asignatura en 5º de Filología Inglesa  en este blog. Allí hay más materiales sobre Shakespeare. Uno de los sonetos que comentamos se puede examinar más despacio aquí: Soneto, espejo, reloj, bloc y libro.

 "La reforma protestante y la cultura inglesa (1550-1800)." Conferencia de Tim Blanning, en inglés y español, en la Fundación Juan March.
    http://www.march.es/conferencias/anteriores/voz.aspx?id=2893&l=1

Macbeth, de Shakespeare, en esta producción de la BBC.





___________



WORKS BY SHAKESPEARE


William Shakespeare (1564-1616), born and dead in Stratford-upon-Avon, leading dramatist with the King's Men at the Globe Theatre, London.

EARLY WORKS (1589-93):

Titus Andronicus
The Comedy of Errors
Henry VI (3 parts)
Richard III

and later (1593-97)

The Taming of the Shrew
The Two Gentlemen of Verona
Love's Labour's Lost
Romeo and Juliet
King John
Richard II
A Midsummer Night's Dream
The Merchant of Venice

Venus and Adonis (1593)
The Rape of Lucrece (1594)


MIDDLE WORKS (1598-1604)

Henry IV (2 parts)
Henry V
The Merry Wives of Windsor
Much Ado About Nothing
Julius Caesar
As You Like It
Hamlet
Twelfth Night
Troilus and Cressida
All's Well that Ends Well
Measure for Measure


LATER TRAGEDIES (1605-8):

Othello
King Lear
Macbeth
Antony and Cleopatra
Coriolanus
Timon of Athens



ROMANCES AND LAST WORKS

The Sonnets (1609)

Pericles
Cymbeline
The Winter's Tale
The Tempest

Herny VIII
The Two Noble Kinsmen


Collected plays in the "First Folio":

Mr William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories and Tragedies,
1623.








_________


Esta semana vemos algo de Shakespeare. Leed algo por anticipado— o id recuperando algo de lecturas pasadas si preferís. Voy añadiendo enlaces de los temas ya vistos en clase, aquí abajo.
No olvidéis traer los textos a clase.
Procuraremos leer todos los días un ratito, y traducir y comentar al paso. Así pues, esta semana Shakespeare primero, y después del Pilar pasamos a Jonson, Donne y Marvell, por ese orden.

UNA COMEDIA FESTIVA DE SHAKESPEARE (EN ESPAÑOL). EL SUEÑO DE UNA NOCHE DE VERANO EN EL CERBUNA:




Con los Pilares acabamos la primera fase del curso "antes de Shakespeare". Momento de reflexión y evaluación sobre la marcha del curso

-  ¿Seguís bien las clases? Si hay problemas de comprensión, etc.—se admiten más preguntas en clase, y consulta de dudas en tutorías. Quienes no asistan, espero que lleven una marcha de estudio constante sin embargo, porque no es en absoluto recomendable el intentar prepararse esta asignatura en unas pocas semanas antes del examen.

- ¿Tenéis material adecuado? Habéis comprado, en efecto, un buen diccionario, un buen manual o dos, de literatura ingles y norteamericana?

- ¿Consultáis con regularidad esta web y los materiales adicionales? ¿Os acordáis de traer a clase las lecturas al día?

Si no es el caso, ahora estáis a tiempo de coger la marcha, que aún estamos iniciando el curso. Pero si no lo habéis hecho hasta ahora, pensad que requiere quizá un cambio de hábitos y más horario semanal dedicado al estudio de esta asignatura.

Id decidiendo ya si queréis hacer trabajos de curso o solamente examen final, y organizad el trabajo de modo acorde. Si alguien quiere hacer los trabajos en forma de presentación en clase, que me aviste para fijar fecha.

- Para la preparación de la materia del examen: tened en cuenta que una pregunta del tema será el nombre de uno de los autores principales: serán los marcados en negrita en esta lista del programa.  La otra pregunta larga, a elegir una u otra, será sobre un género y época—pero naturalmente conviene hablar en ella de los autores y lecturas que conozcáis relacionados con esa cuestión, y utilizar tanto lo que oigáis en clase o preparéis con manuales, como vuestra propia experiencia de lectura.


_____

Esta semana hemos hablado de un par de poetas renacentistas, Sidney y Spenser. Sobre ambos hay material en Luminarium, un interesante sitio web sobre literatura inglesa clásica.

"Sir Philip Sidney." At Luminarium.org
   
http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/sidney.htm




Una pequeña introducción a Spenser, del Oxford Companion to English Literature.








_________________________________

Nivel avanzado:
Un enlace a Astrophel and Stella  de Sir Philip Sidney.
http://ebooks.gutenberg.us/Renascence_Editions/stella.html



Notas sobre The Elizabethan Sonnet (Sidney Lee, en Cambridge History of English Literature)


 He mencionado también a un dramaturgo libertino del siglo XVI, Christopher Marlowe. Aquí hay algo más sobre su obra y estilo.

__________________________________

















SIR PHILIP SIDNEY         (1554-1586)

(English renaissance poet, courtier and Protestant leader; d. in combat at Zutphen, Low Countries)

_____.  Arcadia. Prose romance. 1580s, pub. 1590.
_____. Astrophil and Stella. Sonnet sequence. c. 1582, pub. 1591, 1598. (Sonnet 1 - Sonnet 45)
_____. An Apologie for Poetry or The Defence of Poetry. Discourse. Written 1579-80, pub. 1595.







EDMUND SPENSER         (1552-1599)

(English poet, b. London, st. Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, MA 1576; colonist in Ireland, advocates genocide, victim of Irish rebellion, Elizabethan courtier, quasi-Poet laureate)

_____. "Visions" and sonnets, trans. from Petrarch and du Bellay.
_____. The Shepheards Calendar. 1579.
_____. "Astrophel." Elegy on Sir Philip Sidney.
_____. Complaints. 1591.
_____. Colin Clouts come Home again. Pastoral. 1595.
_____. Amoretti. Sonnet sequence. c. 1595.
_____. Four Hymns on Love and Beauty. 1596.
_____. Epithalamion. Poem. 1595
_____. Prothalamion. Poem. 1596.
_____. The Faerie Queene. Unfinished epic poem. Books 1-3, 1590. Then 1596, 1609.
_____. A View of the Present State of Ireland. 1596, pub. 1603.



Sonnet 54 from Amoretti.


Read also Sonnet 75











16th century

Tudor dynasty: Henry VII, Henry VIII (Reformation, 1529-39), Edward VI, Mary Tudor, Elizabeth (r. 1558-1603)

Petrarchan poets:

Sir Thomas Wyatt
Earl of Surrey      (Tottel's Miscellany, 1557)

Rhyme scheme of the Elizabethan sonnet: abab cdcd efef gg



Prose writers:

Sir Thomas More, Utopia. 1516 (English, 1551).
Sir Thomas Elyot, The Governour. 1531.
Sir John Cheke, The Heart of Sedition. 1549.
Thomas Wilson, The Arte of Rhetorique. 1553.
John Foxe, Book of Martyrs (Actes and Monuments). 1563.
Roger Ascham, The Scholemaster. 1570.
Holinshed, Raphael. Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 1577.
Lyly, John. Euphues. 1578.
William Camden, Britannia. Geography. 1586.
Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation. 1589.
Sir Walter Ralegh, The Discovery of Guiana. 1596.

Biblical translations: William Tyndale, Miles Coverdale, The Bishop's Bible.

(King James Bible,
1611)

Scottish reformers: John Knox, Sir David Lindsay, George Buchanan.





________________________



Principios de octubre

Traed los textos de los primeros renacentistas: Sidney, Spenser. Luego pasaremos a Shakespeare, de quien hay una selección más larga de fragmentos. Id leyendo lo que podáis, y traed a clase los textos. También podéis venir a tutorías para consultar problemas de comprensión con las lecturas, tomando nota de vuestras dudas.

_______

NIVEL AVANZADO:


Andrew Hadfield on Edmund Spenser (video)


A lecture on Spenser and The Faerie Queene (Adam Crowley)






A short video lecture on the Renaissance and Sir Philip Sidney:

"Carlos Aureus: Sir Philip Sidney." (Critical Theory As It Is). YouTube 7 March 2011.*
    http://youtu.be/1eFkzPR89s4
    2014
________







Segunda semana


Esta semana acabamos con la Edad Media y empezamos el Renacimiento. Así pues, traed los textos de Sir Gawain y Chaucer,  y luego de los primeros renacentistas: Sidney, Spenser. Luego pasaremos a Shakespeare, de quien hay una selección más larga de fragmentos.







GEOFFREY CHAUCER     (c. 1343-1400)

Chaucer, Geoffrey. Treatise on the Astrolabe.
_____. The Romaunt of the Rose. Trans. from Guillaume de Lorris. C. 1368-72.
_____. The Book of the Duchess. 1368-72.
_____. Boece. Trans. of Boethius' The Consolation of Philosophy. C. 1380-87.
_____. The Knight's Tale. Romance, based on Boccaccio. C. 1380-87. Later included in The Canterbury Tales.
_____. The Parlement of Foules [The Parliament of Fowls]. c. 1380-82.
_____. "The Monk's Tale." C. 1372-80. Later included in The Canterbury Tales.
_____. The House of Fame. 1378-80.
_____. The Legend of Good Women. 1380-87.
_____. Troilus and Criseyde. C. 1382-86. (From Boccaccio's Filostrato).
_____. The Canterbury Tales. Written 1388-1400.


Rhyme Royal: ababbcc


SOBRE CHAUCER:

Unos apuntes introductorios a Chaucer.

También aquí.

Y en audio:





Geoffrey Chaucer (/ˈtʃɔːsər/; c. 1343 -- 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages and was the first poet to have been buried in Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey. While he achieved fame during his lifetime as an author, philosopher, alchemist and astronomer, composing a scientific treatise on the astrolabe for his ten year-old son Lewis, Chaucer also maintained an active career in the civil service as a bureaucrat, courtier and diplomat. Among his many works, which include The Book of the Duchess, the House of Fame, the Legend of Good Women and Troilus and Criseyde, he is best known today for The Canterbury Tales. Chaucer is a crucial figure in developing the legitimacy of the vernacular, Middle English, at a time when the dominant literary languages in England were French and Latin.

The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century. The tales (mostly written in verse although some are in prose) are told as part of a story-telling contest by a group of pilgrims as they travel together on a journey from Southwark to the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral. The prize for this contest is a free meal at the Tabard Inn at Southwark on their return.

Following a long list of works written earlier in his career, including Troilus and Criseyde, House of Fame, and Parliament of Fowls, the Canterbury Tales was Chaucer's magnum opus. He uses the tales and the descriptions of its characters to paint an ironic and critical portrait of English society at the time, and particularly of the Church. Structurally, the collection resembles The Decameron, which Chaucer may have read during his first diplomatic mission to Italy in 1372.

This audio collection contains a treasury of 100 classic books and includes info on the life and times of the author, the theme of the book, the characters, the story outline, a concise yet detailed abridgement of the story and a discussion of the values that make each book one of the great classical works of literature.

© ''IntelliQuest World's 100 Greatest Books'' 1995

Jason Tondro on the Canterbury Tales



Una videolección sobre Chaucer y el prólogo de los cuentos de Canterbury:

Sherman, Ted. "Chaucer General Prologue Lecture 2." YouTube (Ted Sherman) 21 March 2013.*
 
   http://youtu.be/1lLtctdlJ6g
   


Y otra:


"Sr A, Chaucer 1, Part A." Video lecture. YouTube http://youtu.be/QJsc_gxNTg4


Un resumen hablado del prólogo. Y un resumen de Los cuentos de Canterbury.






NIVEL AVANZADO:

Saintsbury, George. "7. Chaucer." In The End of the Middle Ages. Vol. 2 (English) of The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. Online at Bartleby.com
    http://www.bartleby.com/212/


_____. The Canterbury Tales. Online ed. by ELF (English Literary Foundation). ME and modern English trans.
    http://www.canterburytales.org/canterbury_tales.html


Uno de los poemas breves de Chaucer, sobre la verdad (Truth, "trouthe"):
_____. "Trouthe." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 15 October 2010.*
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com/2010/10/trouthe.html


Tondro, Jason. "Eng 2111#8: Chaucer." YouTube (Jason Tondro) 22 Oct. 2012.*
    http://youtu.be/hw3hg8oDkkY


Un audio de la BBC (In Our Time): Chaucer: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p003hycq
__________




Hablaremos de Chaucer; traed el prólogo de los Canterbury Tales. Y seguidamente los poemas de Spenser y de Sidney.

El principio de los Canterbury Tales, leído en inglés medio (audio). Y aquí un audiolibro de todos los Canterbury Tales...





____________




Introducción a la sociedad de la Inglaterra medieval y al Middle English, vídeo titulado "Historical context for the Canterbury Tales" https://youtu.be/1epKYZURHB8







El argumento de Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.



________

NIVEL AVANZADO: Aquí un documental de la BBC sobre Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - https://youtu.be/74glI1lg1CQ


_________





Middle English Literature


15th century

Battle of Agincourt (Henry V, 1415)
Wars of the Roses
1476: Caxton's printing press
1485 Richard III defeated by Henry VII (House of Tudor)


Cycles of Mystery Plays (York, Wakefield, Chester, East Anglia)
Morality plays: Mankind, Everyman, The Castle of Perseverance
First women writers: Julian of Norwich, Margery Kempe

John Lydgate (c.1370-c.1451):

- Troy Book
- The Siege of Thebes
- The Fall of Princes

Sir Thomas Malory, Morte Darthur, ed. by William Caxton, 1485.


Scottish literature:

Robert Henryson (1425-1508):
- The Testament of Criseyde

- Moral Fables of Aesop



John Skelton, Colin Cloute. Satire.
____. Magnificence. Morality play. 1515


14th century:


1336- Edward III begins Hundred Years' War
1348- Black Death
1381- Peasants' Revolt
1499- Deposition of Richard II by Henry IV


John Gower (1325?-1408)

Le Miroir de l'Homme
Vox Clamantis
Confessio Amantis
(in English)



Gawain poet:
Cleanness, Patience, Pearl
and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (late 14th c.)

William Langland, Piers Plowman (1362-92)



Chaucer (c. 1343-1400)







13th century:

Layamon. Brut. c. 1205.
Guy of Warwick





Middle English Literature .... see above.













Anglo-Norman Literature



Jeu d'Adam (Play of Adam)
Wace, Roman de Brut (12th c.)
Thomas. Le Roman de Tristan (Tristan et Yseut)
L'Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal
c. 1220.


Anglo-Latin Literature


Geoffrey of Monmouth, Historia Regum Britanniae (The History of the Kings of Britain), c. 1136





Anglo-Saxon Literature

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle



















Visto que tenemos las clases muy juntas, y que apenas da tiempo a leer mucho o planificar entre las clases de una semana, iremos trabajando en gran medida por semanas.

También cada semana introduciré materiales sobre la sección B: Literatura inglesa del siglo XX (ver abajo), para que cada cual la pueda ir preparando a su aire desde ya.

_______________


SECCIÓN B:
Empezamos con un premio Nobel irlandés, W. B. Yeats:

W. B. YEATS     (1865-1939)

(Anglo-Irish poet; b. Sandymount, Dublin; son of painter J. B. Yeats; l. London 1874-83; l. Dublin / London / Sligo; associated to Irish revival in late 19th, then Modernist poet; supersititious believer in occultism and magic, anti-bourgeois aristocratic ideals, in love with Maud Gonne but rejected; married a "psychic" wife 1917; Irish Free State senator allied to interest of Protestant landed classes, friend of Lady Gregory, lived in a tower in her land; promoter of the Irish National Theatre; Nobel Prize for Literature)


Yeats, W. B. "The Madness of King Goll." Poem. 1884, pub. 1887.
_____. "The Wanderings of Oisin." Poem. 1889.
_____. "The Lake Isle of Innisfree." Poem. 1890
_____. "The Sorrow of Love." Poem. 1891.
_____. The Countess Kathleen. Drama. 1892.
_____. Crossways. Poems. 1892.
_____. The Rose. Poems. 1893.
_____. "Who Goes with Fergus?" Poem. 1893.
_____. The Land of Heart's Desire. Drama. 1894.
_____. The Wind among the Reeds. Poems. 1899.
_____. The Shadowy Waters. Dramatic poetry. 1902, 1906.
_____. In the Seven Woods. Poems. 1903.
_____. The Green Helmet and Other Poems. 1910.
_____. Deirdre. Drama. 1906.
_____. Responsibilities. Poems. 1914.
_____. "Easter 1916." Poem. 1916,
_____. "The Second Coming." Poem. 1919
    http://www.potw.org/archive/potw351.html
_____. The Wild Swans at Coole. Poems. 1919.
_____. "An Irish Airman Foresees His Death." Poem. 1919.
    http://www.thebeckoning.com/poetry/yeats/yeats.html
_____. Michael Robartes and the Dancer. Poems. 1921.
_____. "Leda and the Swan." Poem. 1923.
_____. "Among School Children." Poem. 1926.
_____. "Sailing to Byzantium." Poem. 1926
_____. The Tower. Poems. 1928.
_____. The Winding Stair, and Other Poems. 1933.
_____. A Full Moon in March. Poems. 1935.
_____. "Under Ben Bulben." Poem. 1938


An introduction to W. B. Yeats, from the Norton Anthology.

With links to further criticism...

A finales de noviembre: CELEBRANDO A YEATS en el Teatro de las Esquinas (Zaragoza)


SECCIÓN B, NIVEL AVANZADO:

A video lecture on W. B. Yeats by Langdon Hammer (Yale University): http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2013/08/a-lecture-on-w-b-yeats.html

http://youtu.be/ixs5AvKaB4E





http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/10/the-theatre-of-restoration-by-louis.html
______



Primera semana

La primera semana, tras la presentación de la asignatura, hemos tratado de los anglosajones y su literatura.


Deberes:
- ¿Habéis obtenido ya el primer bloque de fotocopias, en Reprografía? Lo estamos utilizando ya.
- ¿Habéis hecho un horario que vayáis a seguir para dedicar a las lecturas y preparación de esta asignatura? Hay que incluirlo en la semana laboral, pues la lectura y el estudio llevan su tiempo.
- ¿Tenéis ficha lista para entregármela ya (con foto please)?
_________

Añadiré, antes o después de las clases, enlaces de interés, apuntes, referencias bibliográficas, etc., relacionadas con lo tratado cada semana.  Al pie de la página he añadido unos enlaces a algunos de los autores en Internet, como material adicional (que no entra en examen, claro). Entre ellos hay un libro de poemas del inglés antiguo.

Vimos en clase, por ejemplo, este texto de la Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, de Beda el Venerable.

Nuestra lectura principal: BEOWULF.  Para completar el tratamiento de estos temas, recomiendo acudir a los manuales. Por ejemplo, así trata el capítulo de Beowulf el manual de Michael Alexander. También tenéis aquí unos apuntes y lecciones adicionales.

Aquí un vídeo sobre The language of Beowulf. Parte de una serie de lecciones muy útiles que se encuentran en YouTube.

Y aquí una breve película de dibujos animados sobre Beowulf:
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2014/09/animated-epics-beowulf-1998-tv-movie.html





En conjunto, la mejor película sobre Beowulf es la de Robert Zemeckis (2007), Beowulf—aunque no es nada fiel al original, como tampoco lo son otras que se han hecho con este título, sí es recomendable.




—oOo—


NIVEL AVANZADO:

Bragg, Melvyn, et al. "Beowulf." BBC (In Our Time) 5 March 2005.* Online audio:
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0542xt7



Un documental de la BBC sobre Beowulf:






Un texto que vimos en clase, The Wanderer:

"The Wanderer." Bilingual OE, English. In Anglo-Saxons.net.*
    http://www.anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/?do=get&type=text&id=Wdr

"The Wanderer." Trans. Cosette Faust Newton and Stith Thompson. In The Project Gutenberg eBook of Old English Poems.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/31172/31172-h/31172-h.htm#c22

_____. "The Wanderer." In García Landa, Vanity Fea 18 Sept. 2012.*
    http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/the-wanderer.html
   

Aquí unas notas sobre los poemas elegíacos anglosajones:
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2014/09/david-daiches-anglo-saxon-elegiac-poems.html

Y otros poemas del inglés antiguo que no vimos:

Del Génesis B, la rebelión de Satanás:
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/la-rebelion-de-satanas.html

"Los destinos de los hombres": http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2012/09/the-fates-of-men.html

Uno de los poemas-adivinanzas del Exeter Book, "El viento de tormenta": http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2010/10/el-viento-de-tormenta.html





_______

NIVEL AVANZADO:

The Venerable Bede: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bede

A BBC audio on the Venerable Bede: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p004y26h

Poesía religiosa anglosajona—around Cynewulf


HISTORY OF BRITAIN (VIDEO).

—Una serie en YouTube muy visible. Aquí tenéis otro, también de la BBC, sobre la invasión anglosajona: https://youtu.be/kZybjMkyPLA



Y Seven Ages of Britain: Age of Conquest:




También tiene interés esta serie que empieza aquí, sobre la historia del idioma inglés (periodo anglosajón): The Adventure of English, 1: Birth of a Language:
https://youtu.be/VsVz5U76kX0
http://vanityfea.blogspot.com.es/2013/10/the-adventure-of-english-bbc-1-birth-of.html









The Adventure of English, part 3:
The fight over the language of the Bible.

_________




Estos son los autores que trataremos; en clase los de la sección A, y quizá alguno de la B a final de curso; y no presencialmente los demás de la sección B. Os iré proporcionando materiales sobre cada una de las secciones, y especificaremos "nivel avanzado" para los materiales menos básicos, y que sirven para ampliar materiales de estudio más allá de lo imprescindible.



SECCIÓN A (hasta 1900)

1. Literatura inglesa medieval

1. Beowulf
2. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
3. Chaucer


2. Literatura inglesa renacentista

4. Spenser,
5. Sidney,
6. Shakespeare,
7. Jonson,
8. Donne,
9. Marvell,


3. Literatura inglesa 1660-1800

10. Milton,
11. Rochester,
12. Dryden,
13. Egerton,
14. Pope,
15. Defoe,
16. Swift,
17. Richardson,
18. Fielding,
19. Sterne,
20. Gray,
21. Johnson,
22. Blake,
23. Wollstonecraft,

4. Literatura inglesa del siglo XIX

24. Austen,
25. Scott,
26. Wordsworth,
27. Keats,
28. Byron,
29. Mary Shelley,
30. Dickens,
31. George Eliot,
32. Tennyson,
33. Hopkins,
34. Wilde,
35. Wells.

5. Literatura norteamericana hasta 1900

36. Irving,
37. Cooper,
38. Poe,
39. Emerson,
40. Thoreau,
41. Hawthorne,
42. Melville,
43. Dickinson,
44. Whitman,
45. Mark Twain,
46. Crane,
47. Henry James



SECCIÓN B (SIGLO XX) - PREPARACIÓN NO PRESENCIAL

6. Literatura inglesa y norteamericana 1900-1960

48. Yeats,
49. Joyce,
50. Frost,
51. T. S. Eliot,
52. Woolf,
53. Hemingway,
54. Cummings,
55. Auden,
56. Faulkner,
57. Beckett,
58. Nabokov,


7. Literatura inglesa 1960-

59. Larkin
60. Pinter
61. Stoppard,
62. Rushdie,


8. Literatura norteamericana 1960-

63. Barth,
64. Sexton,
65. Oates,
66. Roth,
67. Morrison.


______


La literatura es (en su definición más relevante aquí) la disciplina que recoge y estudia los textos más importantes o icónicos para el estudio de una cultura en su contexto histórico: incluye poesía y prosa, narración o teatro, ficción o no ficción, pero siempre son textos ideológicamente relevantes, significativos e influyentes en su representación de las maneras de sentir, de pensar y de representar la sociedad, y especialmente de sus transformaciones. La literatura va muy unida a la comunicación social y al tipo de cultura favorecido por una comunidad dada, en especial por las clases ideológicamente dominantes. La literatura representa a la cultura, la transmite, y la transforma por el hecho de representarla y difundirla, promoviendo la comunicación entre las capas sociales y entre las culturas, y a la vez transmitiendo ideales, valores, ideologías y presuposiciones sobre el mundo, la sociedad, las personas y sus relaciones entre sí—ideas morales o éticas, religiosas o generalmente culturales.

Un poco de contexto histórico y científico para el estudio de la cultura: un documental sobre A HISTORY OF THE WORLD IN TWO HOURS, y unas lecciones sobre el desarrollo cultural de la humanidad: A Brief History of Mankind.



Conviene, para vuestro dominio del inglés, que veáis con frecuencia constante este tipo de documentales que os pueden ayudar además en vuestros estudios. Y la tele, por supuesto, en inglés (o en francés). Pero no olvidéis que a través de Internet podéis asistir a clases magistrales y conferencias de los mejores profesores y pensadores de nuestro tiempo, además de ver tutoriales y materiales sobre cualquier tema y autor, o películas relacionadas con el temario de la asignatura.

___________


Tenéis las fotocopias en Reprografía: el primer bloque, hasta 1900, que son las lecturas que manejaremos en clase. Id trayendo a clase algunas de las lecturas que veremos en orden cronológico (un par de autores cada día)  Aquí pondremos a veces materiales adicionales, enlaces, apuntes o vídeos para complementar el estudio de la asignatura.

______





Programa de la asignatura

Objetivos:
El objetivo principal de esta asignatura "Introducción a la literatura inglesa" es el de proporcionar a los estudiantes conocimientos básicos sobre la literatura en lengua inglesa, en especial sobre las literaturas inglesa y norteamericana, así como destrezas para su comprensión y análisis. Trabajaremos en clases tanto teóricas como prácticas (enfocadas al estudio de textos representativos de cada época y contexto cultural)

Evaluación:
Entrega de trabajos (evaluación continua): 1º en noviembre, 2º en enero. Prueba final en las fechas fijadas por la Facultad para las convocatorias de febrero y de septiembre.

A) Sistema de evaluación continua:
Examen: 40%. Preguntas sobre los temas y obras tratados en clase, y comentario de texto. Se valorará la habilidad para definir conceptos; conocer y explicar datos sobre géneros/autores/ obras; relacionar temas; y desarrollar interpretaciones personales, en relación todo ello tanto con la parte más teórica de la asignatura como con la parte referente a los textos de lectura obligatoria.
- Dos trabajos escritos, a entregar en las fechas previstas durante el curso: 1) comentario de texto sobre literatura clásica inglesa, 30% 2) Trabajo grupal sobre literatura inglesa moderna o literatura norteamericana, 30%. Se valorará la capacidad de comprensión y análisis y el uso adecuado de herramientas propias del comentario de textos literarios. Se penalizará el plagio.
Requisito de nota mínima de 4.5 en el examen para mediar con los trabajos.

Opción B:
Si el alumno/a no entrega trabajos, el examen consistirá entonces en: preguntas (40%), incluyendo un tema, y además un comentario de texto (60%). Nota mínima de 4.5 en una parte para que medie con la de la otra parte. 

Opcionalmente, podrá realizarse una traducción del texto en lugar de un comentario.
En el examen no se utilizarán diccionarios ni otros materiales adicionales.

Los trabajos sólo podrán entregarse durante el período de clases. Es decir, en la segunda convocatoria, los estudiantes que no hayan entregado trabajos durante el primer cuatrimestre tendrán que atenerse a la opción B. Si bien se guardarán las notas favorables de los trabajos a aquellos alumnos que tengan pendiente el examen de febrero, no podrán realizarse trabajos adicionales para la convocatoria de septiembre.

—oOo—




Programa de la asignatura:

Sección A) Hasta 1900
1. Literatura inglesa medieval
2. Literatura inglesa renacentista
3. Literatura inglesa 1660-1800
4. Literatura inglesa del siglo XIX
5. Literatura norteamericana hasta 1900.

Sección B) Desde 1900
6. Literatura inglesa y norteamericana 1900-1960
7. Literatura inglesa 1960-
8. Literatura norteamericana 1960-

 

Las lecturas obligatorias consistirán en una selección de textos breves extraídos de algunos de los principales autores y obras del canon anglonorteamericano, incluyendo: Beowulf, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Chaucer, Spenser, Sidney, Shakespeare, Donne, Marvell, Milton, Rochester, Dryden, Pope, Defoe, Swift, Richardson, Fielding, Johnson, Gray, Blake, Wollstonecraft, Wordsworth, Austen,  Scott, Dickens, Irving, Cooper, Poe, Emerson, Hawthorne, Tennyson, Melville, Thoreau, George Eliot, Dickinson, Henry James, Mark Twain, Whitman, Hopkins, Wilde, Crane, Wells, Yeats, Joyce, Frost, T. S. Eliot, Woolf, Hemingway, Cummings, Auden, Faulkner, Beckett, Nabokov, Larkin, Barth, Stoppard, Sexton, Oates, Rushdie, Roth, Morrison.

Las clases teóricas y actividades prácticas dedicadas a la Sección A del programa (literatura inglesa y norteamericana hasta 1900) concluirán a mitad del mes de noviembre. El primer trabajo a realizar por los alumnos/as versará sobre la materia tratada en la primera mitad del semestre.

Las clases impartidas durante la segunda mitad del semestre estarán dedicadas a la Sección B del programa (literatura inglesa y norteamericana desde 1900). El segundo trabajo, grupal, versará sobre un tema relacionado con la literatura de este periodo.

BIBLIOGRAFÍA RECOMENDADA:

Los textos pueden obtenerse en Project Gutenberg http://www.gutenberg.org

Las lecturas obligatorias se pondrán a disposición de los estudiantes en el servicio de Reprografía. Muchas de las lecturas obligatorias están incluidas asimismo en The Norton Anthology of English Literature, (7th edition), ed. M. H. Abrams y Stephen Greenblatt. London: W.W. Norton and Company, 2000. La antología incluye, además de textos primarios,  introducciones a periodos históricos y autores.

 Historias breves (en un volumen) de la literatura inglesa:

Alexander, Michael. A History of English Literature. 2nd ed. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave, 2007.
Barnard, Robert. A Short History of English Literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.
Blamires, Harry. A Short History of English Literature. London: Routledge, 1994.
Carter, Roland and John McRae. Penguin Guide to English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995.
Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993.
Peck, John y Martin Coyle. A Brief History of English Literature. Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave, 2002.
Poplawski, Paul, ed. English Literature in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Sobre literatura norteamericana, hay otra antología Norton, y estos manuales entre otros:

Bradbury, Malcolm, and Richard Ruland. From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. London: Routledge, 1991.
Elliott, Emory, et al., eds. Columbia Literary History of the United States. New York: Columbia UP, 1988.
Gray, Richard. A History of American Literature. 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Más bibliografía sobre autores, períodos, géneros, etc., puede encontrarse en A Bibliography of Literary Theory, Criticism and Philology, http://tinyurl.com/garcialanda



—oOo—



Enlaces a algunos de los autores y textos estudiados (Sección A)—para leer, consultar o curiosear. En Internet, que es inagotable, cada cual tiene que seleccionar lo que le sirve para orientar su estudio.

Free Online Literature Course (OpenCulture)
    http://www.openculture.com/literature_free_courses
    2015

The Project Gutenberg eBook Old English Poems. Trans. Cosette Faust Newton and Stith Thompson.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/31172/31172-h/31172-h.htm
    2012

Spenser, Edmund. The Faerie Queene: Book 1. Ed. George Armstrong Wauchope. (South Carolina College). New York and London: Macmillan, 1903. 1921.
1921. Online at Project Gutenberg
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15272/15272-h/15272-h.htm
2012

Shakespeare, William. The Tempest. In The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. Online at MIT.
    http://shakespeare.mit.edu/tempest/full.html

_____. The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. Online at MIT.
    http://shakespeare.mit.edu/

Wordsworth, William. Wordsworth's Poetical Works, vol. 3: The Prelude. Ed. William Knight. 1896. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/12383/12383-h/Wordsworth3c.html
_____. Complete poetical works. Online at Bartleby.com
    http://www.bartleby.com/145/


Edgar, Pelham (Ph.D.; Professor of English, Vi
ctoria Coll., Univ. of Toronto)., ed. Selections from Wordsworth and Tennyson. Toronto
: Macmillan Canada, 1917. Online at Project Gutenberg
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/14952/pg14952.html

Keats, John. Poems published in 1820 by John Keats. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/23684
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/23684/23684-h/23684-h.htm

"Darkness (Poem by Lord Byron)." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darkness_%28poem%29

Austen, Jane. Mansfield Park at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/141
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/141/141-h/141-h.htm

Scott, Walter. Walter Scott's Novels Available as e-Texts:
    http://www.walterscott.lib.ed.ac.uk/etexts/novels.html
_____. Woodstock, or The Cavalier. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/9785/pg9785.html

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft (Godwin). Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/84/84-h/84-h.htm

Dickens. Great Expectations. eTexts at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1400
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1400/1400-h/1400-h.htm

Eliot, George. Middlemarch. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/145
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/145/145-h/145-h.htm

Wilde, Oscar. Intentions. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext97/ntntn10h.htm
    2012

Wells, H. G. The Time Machine. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/35/pg35.html

Irving. The Crayon Papers. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/7994
_____. The Sketch  Book of Geoffrey Crayon. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/2048/2048-h/2048-h.htm
_____. Knickerbocker's History of New York.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13042/13042-h/13042-h.htm

"Rip Van Winkle." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rip_Van_Winkle

Cooper, James Fenimore. The Last of the Mohicans. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/940/940-h/940-h.htm

Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Fall of the House of Usher." Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/932/932-h/932-h.htm

Emerson. Essays. (Merrill's English Texts). New York: Charles E. Merrill, 1907. Online at Project Gutenberg:
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16643/16643-h/16643-h.htm

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/33/pg33.html

Melville. Works at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/m#a9

_____. Bartleby, the Scrivener. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/11231/pg11231.html

_____. Moby Dick, or, The Whale. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/2701

Thoreau, Henry. On the Duty of Civil Disobedience. Online at Project Gutenberg.* (Original title, 1849: Resistance to Civil Government).
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/71/71-h/71-h.htm

_____. Walden; and, On the Duty of Civil Disobedience. Online texts at Project Gutenberg
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/205/205-h/205-h.htm

Dickinson, Emily. The Complete Project Gutenberg Poems.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/12242/12242-h/12242-h.htm

Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/76/76-h/76-h.htm

Crane, Stephen. The Monster and Other Stories. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/31189/31189-h/31189-h.htm

_____. The Red Badge of Courage. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/73/73-h/73-h.htm

James, Henry. Works by Henry James at Project Gutenberg.*
    http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/j#a113

_____. The Figure in the Carpet. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/645

_____. The Real Thing. Online at Project Gutenberg.
    http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2715/pg2715.html

_____. The Middle Years. Memoir. Online at Project Gutenberg.*
    http://www.gutenberg.org/files/32649/32649-h/32649-h.htm

Eliot, T. S. The Waste Land. Hypertex ed. at Tripod.com.*
    http://eliotswasteland.tripod.com/


—oOo—