Web de la asignatura
 Literatura Inglesa II

(Grado en Estudios Ingleses, Universidad de Zaragoza)
 27820 - 
Guía docente y Programa
Curso 2016-17
José Angel García Landa
Horario de tutorías
(despacho 45a, Filología):
Lunes y martes 12-13,30  y 18-20 h.

  Dirección de esta web:  
Bibliografía general:  

Atención el examen de nuestra asignatura será el
20 de enero: 
- grupo 1 en el aula 2.4 (inter 2)
- grupo 2 en el aula 2.4 (inter 2)

Nuestros siguientes textos serán los de Defoe, Robinson Crusoe y Roxana. Y seguiremos con Swift y Pope.

Some works by

DANIEL DEFOE (1660-1731. Daniel Foe to 1695):

_____. An Essay upon Projects.  1697.
_____. Enquiry into the Occasional Conformity of Dissenters. Pamphlet. 1698.
_____. Legion's Memorial to the House of Commons. Pamphlet. 1701.
_____. The True-Born Englishman.  Satirical poem. 1701.
_____. The Shortest Way with the Dissenters. Hoax pamphlet. 1702.
_____. Hymn to the Pillory. Satirical poem. 1702.
_____. The Storm. Journalistic pamphlet. 1703.
_____. The Review. Journalism. 1704-13.
_____. True Relation of the Apparition of one Mrs. Veal. Tale. 1706.
_____. The History of the Union of Great Britain. Edinburgh, 1709.
_____. Mercator, or Commerce Retriev'd. Journal. 1713-14.
_____. The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner. Memoir novel. 1719.  (ebook here)
_____. The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: Being the Second and Last Part of his Life. Narrative. 1719.
_____. Serious Reflections during the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe: With his Vision of the Angelick World.  1720.
_____. The Memoirs of a Cavalier. Memoir novel. 1720.
_____.  Captain Singleton.  Memoir novel.  1720.
_____. The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders. Memoir novel. 1722. 
_____.  Colonel Jacque.  Memoir novel.  1722.
_____. A Journal of the Plague Year. Apocryphal memoir. 1722.
_____. Religious Courtship. Moral treatise. 1722.
_____. Roxana, The Fortunate Mistress. Memoir novel. 1724.
_____. A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain. Guide book.  3 vols. 1724-26.
_____. The Complete English Tradesman. Non-fiction. 1726.
_____. A Plan of the English Commerce. Non-fiction. 1728.
_____. The Complete English Gentleman.  Non-fiction. Pub. 1890.

Daniel Defoe, English journalist and novelist, b. London; Daniel Foe to 1695; lower middle class dissenter; st. Newington Green, abandoned plans to become a Presbyterian minister, set up import and export business, joined King William's invading forces, bankrupt businessman, then Whig journalist and political activist, pilloried and imprisoned 1703-4, double agent, collaborated with Tory government of Harley,
travelled throughout Britain, political activist and informer;  supported union with Scotland and Hanoverian succession; imprisoned again 1713;  then worked again with Whigs; l. Stoke Newington, turned "novelist" in old age, died while in hiding from creditors.

Apuntes sobre Daniel Defoe, del Oxford Companion to English Literature.  Más, en cualquiera de vuestros manuales.

Y aquí una vieja película sobre Robinson Crusoe, del director aragonés Luis Buñuel:

Una versión cinematográfica de Robinson Crusoe, de Defoe, dirigida por Luis Buñuel:

En el proyecto Desenredando el siglo XVIII del Instituto Rosaleda hay varias presentaciones relativas a literatura inglesa del XVIII.

Daniel Defoe (Wikipedia)



Daniel Defoe: The Collection of the Lilly Library:

Si alguien hace el trabajo sobre Defoe, hay bibliografías críticas más completas sobre él (y sobre todos los demás autores que vemos) aquí:

A Bibliography of Literary Theory, Criticism and Philology:

  Un audio de la BBC sobre Robinson Crusoe

Un capítulo de Ian Watt sobre Defoe como novelista. Watt es autor de uno de los estudios clásicos sobre The Rise of the Novel.

Related works: Robinsonade

Ballantyne, R. M. The Coral Island.
Campe, J. H. The New Robinson. 1779.
Verne, Jules. Dos años de vacaciones.
Wyss, Johann R. The Swiss Family Robinson. Zurich, 1813.

Otras "memorias" tras Defoe...

Cleland, John (1710-1789).  Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure (or, Fanny Hill). Novel. 1748-49.
_____.  Memoirs of a Coxcomb. Novel. 1751.
_____.  The Surprises of Love. Novel. 1764.
_____.  The Woman of Honor. Novel. 1768.

Y un Robinson de fantasía:

Robert Paltock (1697-1767). The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins, a Cornishman. 1751.



Un poco de contexto histórico sobre el nuevo Reino Unido y la Inglaterra georgiana:

Queen Anne Prose (Saintsbury)
Más obras de autores del XVIII se encuentran aquí:


George Berkeley  (Kilkenny, Ireland 1685-Oxford 1753):

_____. An Essay towards a New Theory of Vision. 2nd ed. 1709. Online at Google Books:
_____. A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. 1710, 1734.
_____. Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. London, 1713.
_____. (Anonymous). Essay Towards Preventing the Ruin of Great Britain. 1721.
_____. Proposal for the Better Supplying of Churches in our foreign Plantations. 1725.
_____. Alciphron: or, The Minute Philosopher. 1732.
_____. Theory of Vision, or Visual Language Vindicated and Explained.  1733.
_____. The Analyst. Mathematical theory. 1734.
_____. The Querist. Periodical. 1735.
_____. Some Thoughts on the Tillage of Ireland. Dublin, 1738.
_____. Siris: A Chain of Philosophical Reflections and Inquiries concerning the Virtues of Tar-Water. 1744.
_____. Verses on the Prospect of Planting Arts and Learning in America. 1752

Arthur Collier (1680-1732)
_____. Clavis Universalis: or a New Inquiry after Truth, Being a Demonstration of the Non-Existence, or Impossibility, of an External World. 1713.


A video lecture on empiricism: Locke and Berkeley

Un vídeo de Punset sobre el tema "El cerebro construye la realidad." Hablamos de la teoría de la percepción de Berkeley, que en cierto modo anticipó las teorías constructivistas de la realidad, y el papel de la mente en la generación de una imagen coherente de la realidad. Ahora la neurociencia es la que va en esa dirección "inmaterialista": "Redes 108: El cerebro construye la realidad." (Interview with Kia Nobre). Redes para la ciencia 30 Oct. 2011.


30 nov. - 1 dic. Necesitaremos los textos de Addison, Egerton, Defoe, Swift, Pope...  De Defoe hay bastante que leer. Cuidad el horario semanal de lecturas, para llevar bien la asignatura.


Robert Hooke, Micrographia: Or some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses… London, 1665.

A mite, an illustration from Robert Hooke's Micrographia:

hooke mite

Works by Addison and Steele:

Joseph Addison.  The Campaign. Epic poem. 1704.
_____. Milton's Style Imitated in a Translation out of . . . the Third Aeneid. 1704.
_____. Rosamond. Opera. 1707. (Aria "Rise, glory, rise." from Rosamond)
_____. Cato: A Tragedy. 1713.
_____. Notes upon the Twelve Books of PARADISE LOST. London, 1719.
_____. The Old Whig. Serial pamphlet. 1719.

Quotes by Joseph Addison

Addison, Joseph, and Richard Steele.
The Tatler. Periodical essay. 1709-11.
_____. The Spectator.  Periodical essay. 1711-12.

addison steele
Steele, Richard. The Christian Hero. Political pamphlet. 1701.

_____. The Tender Husband. Drama. 1705.
_____. Poems in The Muses Mercury.
_____. The Gazette. Official periodical. 1707-10.
_____. The Crisis. Pamphlet. 1713.
_____. The Reader. Periodical. 1714.
_____. Town Talk. Periodical. 1715-16.
_____. Political pamphlets. 1715.
_____. The Tea-Table. Periodical. 1715-16.
_____. Chit-Chat. Periodical. 1716.
_____. The Conscious Lovers. Drama. Prod. Nov. 1722.
_____, ed. The Examiner. Newspaper. (Nos. 14-46, October, 1710).
_____, ed. The Guardian. Periodical.  (175 nos. 1713).
Monthly miscellany. 1707.



Addison on Aliens

Some 17th-century newspapers and periodicals:

An Abstract of some speciall forreigne occurrences brought down to the weekly newes of the 20 of December. Ed. Nathaniel Butter and Nicholas Bourne (no. 1 of their authorized foreign news pamphlets).  20 dec. 1638.

Athenian Mercury  (i.e. Athenian Gazette: Or Casuistical Mercury).  Newspaper.  Ed. John Dunton. 1690-97.

Diurnal Occurrences. Newspaper. By Samuel Pecke. 1641.

The Flying-Post. Newspaper. Ed. George Ridpath.  1695-1731.

The Gentleman's Journal. Ed. Peter Motteux. 1692-94.

The London Gazette. Founder ed. Henry Muddiman. 1665-20th century.

The London Mercury. Periodical. Ed. Tom Brown. 1692.

The London Spy.  Ed. Ned Ward. Journal. 1698-1700.

Mercurius Aulicus 1 (January 1643)

Mercurius Britannicus  1 (29 August 1643)

Mercurius Politicus. (Commonwealth Parlamentarian newspaper, 1650s; Official newspaper. By Marchamont Nedham. 1650-).

Mercurius Publicus. Weekly. Ed. Henry Muddiman. 1660-.

The Observator. Tory newspaper. Ed. Sir Roger L'Estrange. 1681-87.

The Parliamentary Intelligencer. Newspaper. Ed. Henry Muddiman.  (No. 1, 26 Dec. 1659).

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London, 1694.

The Post-man. Newspaper. 1695-1730.

The Post-Boy. Newspaper. Ed. Abel Roper. 1695-1736.

The Public Intelligencer. Official newspaper. By Marchamont Nedham. 1655.

The Turkish Spy. 1687-1694.

SARAH FYGE EGERTON     (1670-1723)

_____. (anon.). The Female Advocate or, an Answer to a Late Satyr Against the Pride, Lust and Inconstancy, c. of Woman. Written by a Lady in Vindication of her Sex. 1686. (A verse satire published in response to Robert Gould's misogynist satire, A Late Satyr Against the Pride, Lust, and Inconstancy, etc. of Woman, 1682).
_____. (signed S. F.). Poems on Several Occasions, Together with a Pastoral… 1703.

_____. "The Emulation." In Representative Poetry Online.*

Sarah Egerton, née Fyge, outspoken feminist, precocious writer, sent to the country by her parents to repress her, forced to marry Edward Field, widow, m. cousin Reverend Thomas Egerton, unsuccessfuly sued for divorce, loved Henry Pierce, scandal and public ridicule.



Four women writers:

Margaret Fell Fox (1614-1702; wife of George Fox, founder of the Quakers)
______. Women's Speaking Justified, Proved and Allowed by the Scriptures. 1666.

Lucy Hutchison (b. 1620). Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson [1615-1674]. Pub. 1806.

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623-1673)
_____. Poems and Fancies. 1653.
_____. Orations of Divers Sorts. 1662.
_____. Philosophical Letters: or, Modest Reflections upon some Opinions in Natural Philosophy. 1664.
_____. Observations upon Experimental Philosophy. With The Description of a New World, called the Blazing World. Scientific fantasy. 1666.
_____. The Life of William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle. 1667.
_____. CCXI Sociable Letters. 1664.

Mary Astell (1666-1731)
_____. (Anon.) A Serious Proposal to the Ladies. 1694.
_____. (Anon.). Some Reflections upon Marriage. 1700.
"Mary Astell." Wikipedia:

Other Augustan Prose Writers

Shaftesbury (1671-1713)
_____. Characteristicks of Men, Manners, Opinions , and Times, 1711

Anthony Ashley Cooper, The Third Earl of Shaftesbury (the grandson of Dryden's 'Achitophel') gave an influential formulation to many ideas of the Enlightenment. Optimistic theodicy, a defense that evil is necessary for the overall good of the universe (like Pope and Bolingbroke). He defends the notions of the Great Chain of Being and of a full universe. Social morality is derived from innate human benevolence: a belief based on the contemplation of the order of the Universe. He advocates a rational christianity.

Joseph Butler  (1692-1752)
_____. Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature. 1736.

Butler was a Bishop of the Church of England. His main work, the Analogy of Religion,  is a defense of Christianity, which tries to justify the necessity of revealed religion from the evidence of order that we find in Nature. Butler is a product of the age of Reason in matters of religion: but he uses reason, or an appearance of reason, to affirm the doctrine of established Christianity. This was considered by many the definitive proof of divine order against the attacks of skeptical philosophy and science.

Other authors:
William Law (1686-1761)
______. The Absolute Unlawfulness of the Stage Entertainment. 1726.
______. A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life. 1728.

Law was a protestant preacher and author of devotional works. His Serious Call tried to instigate a more emotional and passionate involvement in religion, away from the moderate indifference of the Church of England. Law's work was very influential, was read by many people, and had an important persional impact on people like Samuel Johnson or the religious reformer John Wesley. He stresses the importance of simple faith and even of mysticism; instead of appealing to reason he calls for feeling, religious emotion, and the personal relationship he imagines to exist between every individual Christian and God. (A Protestant revival).
John Wesley (1703-91)
_____. Journal. 1735- Pub. 1837.
_____. Works. 32 vols. 1771-4.

Wesley was the founder of Methodism, a Christian church which caused scandal at the time because of the presence of women preachers. Methodism was popular among the lower classes, as a form of self-valuing and the instigation of a democratic feeling in religion. The religious revival called "Evangelicalism" was initiated by John and Charles Wesley, following Law. Evangelicals try to achieve religious inspiration and eloquence, a personal feeling of salvation and renewal. The "enthusiam" of Methodists and other Evangelicals was criticized by the High Church Anglicans, like Joseph Butler, and by the Deists.


23-24 de noviembre. Textos necesarios en clase: Dryden, Behn... Id leyendo Oroonoko, que es texto "largo".

JOHN LOCKE     (1632-1704)
_____. (Anon.). Two Treatises of Government.  1689.

_____. (Signed). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 1689.
_____. Letters for Toleration. 1690-92.
 _____. Some Considerations of the Consequences of the Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money. 1691.
_____. Some Thoughts Concerning Education. 1693.
_____. The Reasonableness of Christianity. 1695.

Locke was an English empiricist philosopher and political theorist, b. Wrington, Somersetshire; Lecturer, physician and philosopher; assistant to the First Earl of Shaftesbury, Whig political theorist, exile in Netherlands 1682-88; customs official after revolution; d Oates, Essex; influential theorist of knowledge and economist; proto-liberal, defends political and religious toleration.

John Locke (Wikipedia).

Aquí un pequeño vídeo sobre Locke (con una errata, ojo: llaman a la revolución de 1688 "la revolución de Cromwell" confundiéndola con la de 1642).

Antes del influyente Discurso sobre la Tolerancia de Locke, hubo también precedentes. Aquí hay un breve "Discurso sobre la Tolerancia" de William Drummond, poeta de principios del XVII (con el que empezamos este curso).



Hablamos algo de la filosofía de Locke y su psicología. Tenéis una lectura de su
Essay Concerning Human Understanding, sobre la asociación de las ideas. Aquí hay un pequeño comentario adicional sobre él: "Training the Train of Ideas".

A video lesson on John Locke's political philosophy:

Another one:
 "2. Locke: Equality, Freedom, Property, and the Right to Dissent." (Foundations of Modern Social Thought SOCY 151). YouTube (Yale Courses) 4 March 2011.*

and another one on the empiricists, Locke and Berkeley (Richard Brown):


Sir Isaac Newton 

_____. Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.  1687. (Mathematical principles of natural philosophy)
_____. Opticks. 1704.


Antecedentes (y subsiguientes) de la teoría física de Newton en Principia Mathematica (audio en español).

No exactamente literatura, pero sí escritos, pensamiento y cultura del XVII-XVIII. E importante. Una conferencia sobre Newton (audio)
José Manuel Sánchez Ron, "El grande entre los grandes: Isaac Newton."

The Secret Life of Isaac Newton:

You can also watch: Isaac Newton: The Last Magician.
Dir. Renny Bartlett. BBC Productions, 2013. Iff you find it online. Otherwise, here are a number of videos on Newton.

—and a contemporary perspective on Newton's project of a mathematical consilience for science. Murray Gell-Mann, "Beauty, Truth, and... Physics?"

Hay en Internet muchos audios extremadamente recomendables de Will Durant, un historiador de las grandes figuras de la cultura. Aquí su lección sobre Isaac Newton:


Two diarists:
SAMUEL PEPYS  (1633-1703)
_____. Diary. Written 1660-69. Deciphered by John Smith; pub. 1825-.
_____. Memories Relating to the State of the Royal Navy. 1690.
_____. Letters and Second Diary.  1932
_____. The Tangier Papers of Samuel Pepys.   1935.

Pepys was an English gentleman and politician, the author of a secret diary, unpublished and undecyphered until the 19th century; lower middle class Puritan background, Anglican; st. with a scholarship, social promotion, official at the Navy office during the Restoration; imprisoned during Popish Plot and after 1688 Revolution; reformer of the Navy office, member of the Royal Society.

JOHN EVELYN          (1620-1706)
_____. Kalendarium Hortense: or, Gard'ners Almanac.
_____. Fumifugium ot The Smoak of London Dissipated. Project. 1661.
_____. Tyrannus, or the Mode. Essay. 1661.
_____. Sculptura. Treatise. (Engraving). 1662.
_____. Sylva, or a Discourse of Forest-Trees and the Propagation of Timber. 1664.
_____. Terra, or A Philosophical Discourse of Earth. 1675.
_____. Liberty and Servitude. Treatise. 1649.
_____. A Character of England. Essay. 1659.
_____. London Revived: Considerations for its Rebuilding in 1666.
_____. The Life of Mrs. Godolphin.   1847.
_____. Diary.  Written 1641-. Ed.  1818.

Evelyn was an English royalist gentleman, travelled in Europe during 1640s; polygraph, virtuoso and member of the Royal Society, friend of S. Pepys.


John Evelyn's early modern ecologism: a lecture at the Royal Society, on Sylva and the idea of sustainability:


Some Restoration dramatists:


_____. The Wits. Comedy. c. 1633.
_____. Love and Honour. Heroic play. 1634, pub. 1649.  Revived 1661.
_____. Temple of Love. Masque. Premiere performed by Queen Henrietta Maria and her ladies. 1635.
_____. Britannia Triumphans. Masque. 1638.
_____. Salmacida Spolia. Masque. 1640.
_____. Gondibert. Epic poem. 1650.
_____. The First Day’s Entertainment at Rutland House. Operatic poem. 1656.
_____. The Siege of Rhodes. Operatic drama in two parts. Part 1 performed 1656, 1657.
_____. The Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru. Operatic drama. 1658.
_____. The History of Sir Francis Drake. Operatic drama. 1659.
_____. The Law Against Lovers. Drama.1662. (Based on Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure and Much Ado About Nothing).
_____. Macbeth. Operatic adaptation. 1673.
_____. Playhouse to Be Let. Adapted from Molière.

Davenant, William, and John Dryden. The Tempest or The Enchanted Island.  Operatic adaptation of Shakespeare’s work. 1667.

Davenant was a Royalist poet, dramatist and dramatic producer; the son of an Oxford tavern-keeper, godson and self-reputed illegitimate son of Shakespeare; st. All Saints grammar school, Oxford, and Lincoln College, page to Frances Duchess of Richmond, patronized by Fulke Greville, Lord Brooke, court dramatist and poet, laureate at the Queen’s wish 1638, named governor of the King’s and Queen’s players at Drury Lane 1639; Cavalier activist, imprisoned by Parliamentarians, escape to France, lieutenant-general in the Earl of Newcastle’s army, knighted 1643 for service at the siege of Gloucester, emissary between the King and Queen, l. Paris, Louvre, projected colonist, imprisoned at Wight and the Tower of London, seemingly protected by Milton, later repaid favour, released, organiser of musical dramatic events, Theatre at Rutland House, Charterhouse Yard, 1656-, reviver of drama after Puritan interruption; licensed impresario after Restoration with the Duke’s Company, died insolvent, buried at Westminster Abbey.

George Etherege (1634-1691)

_____. The Comical Revenge, or Love in a Tub. Comedy. 1664.
_____. She Wou'd if She Cou'd. Comedy. 1668.
_____. The Man of Mode, or, Sir Fopling Flutter.  1676.

William Wycherley (1641-1715)

_____. Love in a Wood, or St. James's Park.
Drama. 1671.
_____. The Gentleman Dancing-Master. Comedy. 1672.
_____. The Country Wife. Comedy. 1675.
_____. The Plain Dealer. Comedy. 1676.

William Congreve (1670-1729)

_____. The Old Bachelor. Comedy. 1693.
_____. Love for Love. Comedy. 1695.
_____. The Mourning Bride. Tragedy. 1697.
_____. The Way of the World. Comedy. 1700.

Samuel Butler (1613-1680)

_____. Hudibras. Burlesque epic. 3 parts. 1663, 1664, 1678.

_____. Characters. 1667-9, pub. 1759. (A virtuoso, A hermetic philosopher, etc.)

_____. The Elephant in the Moon. Satire. 1759.

_____. Satire on the Royal Society. Satirical poem. 1759.

_____. The Genuine Remains in Verse and Prose of Mr Samuel Butler. 1759.

Buckingham (? with Butler). The Rehearsal. Burlesque drama. 1671.

Aphra Behn  (1640-1689)

_____. The Forc’d Marriage. Drama. 1670.
_____. The Amorous Prince. Heroic drama. 1671.
_____. The Dutch Lover. Drama. 1672.
_____. The Town-Fop; or, Sir Timothy Tawdry. Comedy. 1676.
_____. Abdelazer; or the Moor’s Revenge.  Tragedy. 1676.
_____. The Rover, or, the Banish’t Cavaliers. Comedy. 2 parts. 1677, 1681.
_____. Sir Patient Fancy. Comedy. 1678.
_____. The Feigned Curtezans. Comedy. 1679.
_____. The Young King; or The Mistake. Heroic drama. 1679.
_____. The City Heiress; or, Sir Timothy Treat-All. Comedy. 1682.
_____. The Round-Heads: or, The Good Old Cause.  Satiric drama. 1682.
_____. The False Count; or, a New Way to Play an Old Game. Farce. 1682.
_____. Love Letters between a Nobleman and His Sister.  Novel. 1684.
_____. The Lucky Chance; or , an Alderman’s Bargain. Comedy. 1687.
_____. The Emperor of the Moon. Farce. 1687.
_____. Three Stories, viz. Oroonoko; or, The Royal Slave; The Fair Jilt, and Agnes de Castro.  Novellas. 1688.

Oroonoko, or the Royal Slave

Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave is a novel by Aphra Behn (1640-1689). Aphra Behn was the first woman writer in England to make a living by her pen, and her novel Oroonoko was the first work published in English to express sympathy for African slaves. Perhaps based partly on Behn's own experiences living in Surinam, the novel tells the tragic story of a noble slave, Oroonoko, and his love Imoinda. The work was an instant success and was adapted for the stage in 1695 (and more recently by the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1999). Behn's work paved the way for women writers who came after her, as Virginia Woolf noted in A Room of One's Own (1928): "All women together ought to let flowers fall upon the tomb of Aphra Behn, ... for it was she who earned them the right to speak their minds." (Summary by Elizabeth Klett)

Orinoco de Aphra Behn

Some further notes on Aphra Behn.

Music for Aphra Behn's Abdelazer, by Henry Purcell.



Other Restoration dramatists:

Thomas Otway (1652-1685).

_____. Alcibiades. Heroic play. 1675.
_____. Don Carlos. Heroic play. 1676.
_____. Cheats of Scapin. Comedy. 1677? Based on Molière.
_____. Titus and Berenice. Heroic play. 1676. (Based on Racine's Bérénice ).
_____. Friendship in Fashion. Comedy. 1678.
_____. The History and Fall of Caius Marius. Drama. 1680.
_____. The Orphan. Tragedy 1680.
_____. The Poet's Complaint of His Muse. 1680.
_____. The Souldier's Fortune. 1681.
_____. Venice Preserv'd, or a Plot Discover'd. Tragedy. 1682.
_____. The Atheist. Drama. 1684.

Nathaniel Lee (c. 1649-1692)

_____.  The Tragedy of Nero. Drama.1674.
_____. Sophonisba; or, Hannibal's Overthrow. Tragedy. 1675.
_____. Gloriana. Tragedy. 1676.
_____. The Rival Queens, or the Death of Alexander the Great. Drama. 1677.
_____. Mithridates, King of Pontus. Drama. 1678.
_____. Caesar Borgia. Drama. 1680.
_____. Theodosius, or the Force of Love. Drama. 1680.
_____. Lucius Junius Brutus. Drama. 1680.
_____. Constantine the Great. Drama. 1684.
_____. The Princess of Cleve. Drama. 1689.
_____. The Massacre of Paris. Drama. 1689. (On the massacre of St Bartholomew, 1572).
In collaboration with Dryden:
_____. Oedipus. 1679.
_____. The Duke of Guise. Drama. 1682.

A burlesque dramatic satire against Dryden and the heroic plays: The Rehearsal, ascribed to the Duke of Buckingham and Samuel Butler.

The Theatre of the Restoration notes from A History of English Literature, by Legouis and Cazamian.


16-17 noviembre. Lecturas de la Unidad 2: Bacon, Bunyan, Rochester, Dryden, ... por ese orden.
Pasaremos a Rochester y a Dryden, y a la literatura de la Restauración. Pero antes tratamos la prosa de los autores que vivieron en la época de la Commonwealth. Y muy brevemente, la prosa de la época anterior a la Restauración. Ya hemos hablado de la de Milton. Aquí una pequeña introducción a Bacon, Burton y Browne.


 Wrightson on the Restoration:

Timeline of the Restoration and Augustan period

Puritan rule under Oliver Cromwell during the 1650s.  Lord Protector. Protestant politics.

Restoration of Charles II, 1660. Act of Oblivion. Charles and Catherine of Braganza will have no children, but Charles will have many children by his mistresses. His brother, the Duke of York, will be the inheritor (problem: he was a Catholic).

1660s- The Royal Society, first scientific society.

1665-6 – Great Plague and Great Fire of London

1666, 1670. Dutch wars. Secret treaty of Charles with the French against the Dutch.

1672. Declaration of Indulgence towards Catholics and Nonconformists —but 1673 Test Act excludes Catholics from public office.

1677 William of Orange marries Mary, daughter of James, Duke of York.

1678 Popish plot scandal fostered by anti-Catholics (Titus Oates).

1680 Exclusion Crisis. The growth of party politics (Whigs / Tories).

Caroline / Carolean. Charles's complicated alliances with the French; Dutch wars. The Exclusion Crisis.

1683 Rye House Plot fails to assassinate Charles and James.

1684 Charles' son Monmouth implicated in plot.

1685. Death of Charles, accesion of James II. Louis XIV allows persecution of French protestants.

1687. James's Declaration of Indulgence. The Monmouth rebellion.

1688. The Glorious Revolution and Dutch invasion (Audio). A Whig revolution. James escapes to France but lands with an army in Ireland. Defeated at the Battle of the Boyne (1690) and Aughrim (1691). William and Mary rule—we'll use "the Augustan Age" for the last decade of the 18th and the 1st half of the 18th c.

1689. Bill of Rights. Toleration of Nonconformists.

1693-94: National Debt and Bank of England established.

1702. William dies. Anne, daughter of James II, reigns to 1714.

18th century: The growth of commerce & the American colonies. East India company begins expansion in India.

1704-6. Victories of Marlborough.

1707: Union of Parliaments

1710: Fall of the Whigs. Act of Copyright.

1714-1727: The House of Hanover. George I, first of the many Georges. Reign of George I, grandson of James I. George II, 1727-1760. George III reigns 1760-1820.

1715: Fall of the Tories. Jacobite rising defeated. (Again in 1745, last Jacobite rising coming from Scotland – as told in Scott's Waverley).

1730: Methodists founded at Oxford

1743 War of Austrian Succession.


JOHN DRYDEN     (1631-1700)

English man of letters, b. Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire; st. Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge; Parliamentarian protestant background, soon Anglican Royalist courtier, converted to catholicism 1686; successful playwright, Poet Laureate 1668; Historiographer 1670; Tory satirist and polemicist vs. Whigs; lost jobs in 1688 Revolution; then jacobite; neoclassical critic and translator; influential dramatist, poet and critic, d. London; buried at Westminster Abbey after some grotesque incidents.

_____. "A Poem upon the Death of His Late Highness, Oliver, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland." 1659. Rev. version: "Heroic Stanzas Consecrated to the Memory of His Highness Oliver..."
_____. Astraea Redux. A Poem on the Happy Restoration and Return of his Sacred Majesty Charles the Second. Poem. 1660.
_____. To His Sacred Majesty, A Panegyrick on his Coronation. 1661.
_____. The Rival Ladies. Tragicomedy. 1664.
_____. The Indian Emperor, or The Conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards. Heroic drama. 1665.
_____.  Annus Mirabilis, The Year of wonders, 1666. An Historical Poem: containing the Progress and various Successes of our Naval War with Holland, under the Conduct of His Highness Prince Rupert, and His Grace the Duke of Albemarl. And describing the Fire of London.  1667.
_____. The Tempest, or The Enchanted Island. dryden (Based on Shakespeare. Revised with music by Mattew Locke).
_____.  Of Dramatic Poesy: An Essay.  1668. 
_____. Tyrannick love, or , The Royal Martyr. Heroic play 1669.
_____. Almanzor and Almahide, or The Conquest of Granada. Heroic play. 2 parts, 1669, 1670. Pub. 1672.
_____. An Evening's Love. Tragicomedy. 1671.
_____. Marriage à la Mode. Comedy 1672.
_____. Aureng-Zebe. Heroic play. 1676.
_____. All for Love; or, The World Well Lost. Tragedy. 1678.
_____. Mac-Flecknoe, or A Satyr upon the True-Blew-Protestant Poet, T. S.  1676, pub. 1682.
_____. The Spanish Fryar, or The Double Discovery.  Tragicomedy. 1680.
_____.  (Anon.) Absalom and Achitophel.  (1st part). Satirical poem. 1681.
_____. The Medall. A Satyre against Sedition. By the Author of Absalom and Achitophel. Poem. 1682.
_____. Religio Laici.  Poem. 1682.
_____. To the Pious Memory of Mrs. Anne Killigrew. Poem. 1686.
_____. The Hind and the Panther. A Poem . In Three Parts.  1687.
_____. "Song for St. Cecilia's Day."  1687. Set by Draghi in 1687.
______. Amphitryon. Comedy. 1690.
_____. Don Sebastian. Drama. 1690.
____. King Arthur or The British Worthy. Dramatic opera. Music by Purcell. 1691.
_____, trans. Aeneis. By Virgil. 1697. (Audiobook here)
_____.  Fables Ancient and Modern, Translated into Verse from Homer, Virgil, Boccacce, and Chaucer.  1699.
Dryden, John, and William Soames, trans. Art Poétique. By Boileau. 1683.
Tragedy. 1677, pr. 1678. Operatic adaptation, with William Davenant. 1667, pr. 1670.

Cosas de Dryden: Unas notas sobre su figura y obra... Bueno, mirad también su página de Luminarium. Eso vale para todos estos autores. 

En la semiópera de Dryden "King Arthur," con música de Purcell, se encuentra una curiosa canción, "Cold Song", aquí la canta Klaus Nomi:

He mencionado la "Oda a Santa Cecilia" de Dryden; le puso música Draghi pero luego escribió otra partitura Handel. La podéis escuchar en varias versiones en YouTube:


Las colaboraciones y versiones de Dryden son innumerables. Aquí hay, de una versión que hizo de Edipo Rey, también con números musicales de Purcell, una canción sobre el encantamiento de la música, "Music for a While":


La literatura dramática de la época de la Restauración está especialmente cercana a la literatura francesa. Sobre los dramaturgos de la Restauración, podéis leer este capítulo de la historia de la literatura inglesa de Legouis y Cazamian: The Theatre of the Restoration.

A propósito del teatro de la Restauración, recordad que os recomendé la película The Libertine, con Johnny Depp, sobre el conde de Rochester, y también os gustará Stage Beauty (en español
Belleza  Prohibida).

John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester  (1647-1680)

2nd Earl of Rochester, b. Ditchley, Oxfordshire, son of the 1st Earl of Rochester; scandalous court wit under Charles II, rake and hooligan; destroyed his health through drink and sex; atheist and misanthropist converted to Christianity before his death, d. London.

_____. "A Satyr against Reason and Mankind."
_____. "The Imperfect Enjoyment."
_____. "An Allusion to Horace." Satire.

_____. "Trial of the Poets for the Bays." Satire. Imitation of Boileau.
_____. "Epistolary Letter to Lord Mulgrave." Satire.
_____. "The Disabled Debauchee."
_____. Poems on Several Occasions... 1680.
_____. Valentinian.  Tragedy. 1685.
_____. Upon Nothing. 1711.

Esta es la página de Rochester en Luminariumcon obras, crítica, etc. Es especialmente recomendable la Satire against Reason and Mankind.  (Este texto está mejor que el de las fotocopias).
Sobre Rochester y el teatro de la Restauración, más abajo os había recomendado una película (The Libertine).
Unas notas complementarias sobre Rochester.

IN OUR TIME: The Restoration (audio).

Un par de enlaces sobre el teatro del XVII:

A propósito del teatro de la Restauración, existe la película The Libertine, con Johnny Depp, sobre el conde de Rochester. Por Internet la podéis localizar. Está basada en una obra de teatro actual, de Stephen Jeffers.

Otra buena película sobre el teatro inglés allá a principios de los años 1660 es Stage Beauty (titulada en español Belleza  Prohibida).

- Si os gusta la música clásica, tenéis que conocer la ópera de Henry Purcell Dido and Aeneas. Si no os gusta la ópera, quizá sea porque no habéis escuchado ésta, q
uizá la mejor ópera inglesa del siglo XVII

En todo caso, es muy aconsejable que conozcáis esta obra, y una muestra excelente de la música y del teatro de la época que estudiamos. En YouTube hay varias versiones, por ejemplo en este enlace.  Y en este otro tenéis el libreto (de Nahum Tate, también colega y colaborador de Dryden).

Podéis encontrar más materiales sobre teatro del XVII, y de otras épocas también, en mi página EL GRAN TEATRO DEL MUNDO.


John Bunyan (Bedfordshire, 1628-London 1688)

_____. Some Gospel Truths Opened. 1656.
_____. A Few Sighs from Hell. 1658.
_____. Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners. Spiritual autobiography. 1666.
_____. The Pilgrim's Progress. Allegorical fiction. Part I, 1678. Part II, 1684.
_____. The Life and Death of Mr. Badman Presented to the World in a Familiar Dialogue between Mr. Wiseman and Mr. Attentive. Allegorical fiction. 1680.
_____. The Holy War made by Shaddai upon Diabolus. Allegorical fiction. 1682.

A lecture on The Puritan Revolt and the life of John Bunyan.


Nivel avanzado:

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
_____. De Cive.
1642. English trans 1651.
_____. Human Nature: or The Fundamental Elements of Policy.
_____. De Corpore Politico: or the Elements of Law, Moral and Politick.
_____. Leviathan: Or the Matter, Form, and Power of A Commonwealth Ecclesiastical and Civil.
Political philosophy. 1651.
_____. Opera philosophica quae Latine scripsit. 
_____. Behemoth: The History of the Causes of the Civil Wars of England.
1679, rev. ed. 1681.
, trans. The Iliads and Odysses of Homer. 1675.


El célebre frontispicio del Leviathan de Hobbes:


Obsérvese en las ilustraciones el paralelismo entre los aspectos "civil" y "eclesiástico" de la comunidad regida por el absolutismo, y cómo Hobbes concibe a la Iglesia como otra dimensión más de la política, con sus propias armas, fortalezas y ejércitos.

Una introducción a Hobbes, en español, de parte de Fernando Savater.

Other political theorists:

Filmer, Robert. Patriarcha, or The Natural Power of Kings Asserted. Political theory. 1680.

Harington, James. The Commonwealth of Oceana. 1656.



Hobbes (BBC - In Our Time):

Más sobre Hobbes y el contexto escéptico de la Ilustración en este episodio de Atheism: A Brief History of Disbelief (BBC):

Y aquí dos lecciones sobre Hobbes en el canal de la universidad de Yale. Una introducción aquí.   Y otra:

On Hobbes's dramatistic anthropology. "How to Make Artificial Persons." Ibercampus (Vanity Fea) 13 Oct. 2015.*

Now, I promised (speaking of Hobbes) that I would give you a link on how our human reality is constructed and virtual in nature, a linguistic artifact. You can hear more about that in the lectures by Yuval Noah Harari right at the bottom of this page. Or you can (but only if you're philosophically minded) read this lecture by John Searle, one of the major contemporary philosophers in the English-speaking word, on The Unity of Reality: Why we live in one world at most —and how it is made mostly of fictions, conventions, and linguistic effects. Hobbes, too, emphasized the crucial importance of social contracts in the constitution of our human, social, and political reality.


Other prose writers:

Izaak Walton (1593-1683)

_____. Life of Dr. Donne. 1640.
_____, ed. Reliquiae Wottonianae. Ed. Izaak Walton. With a Life of Sir Henry Wotton. London, 1651.
_____. The Compleat Angler, or the contemplative Man's Recreation: Being a Discourse of Fish and Fishing... 1653.
_____. Life of Hooker. 1665.
_____. Life of Mr. George Herbert. 1670.

Thomas Fuller (1608-1661)
_____. History of the Holy War. (Crusades)
_____. History of the Worthies of England. 1662.l

Jeremy Taylor (1613-1667)
_____. Holy Living. 1650.
_____. Holy Dying. 1651.

Two Burnets:

Gilbert Burnet. (Bishop of Salisbury; 1643-1715)
_____. Lives and Actions of James and William, Dukes of Hamilton. History. 1677.
_____. History of the Reformation Church in England. 3 parts. 1679, 1681, 1714.
_____. A History of My Own Times from the Restoration to the Peace of Utrecht. (begun 1683). 2 vols. 1724, 1734.
_____. Some Passages of the Life and Death of the ... Earl of Rochester.

Burnet, Thomas. Telluris Theoria Sacra. Natural philosophy. 2 vols. 1681-9. ("Sacred Theory of the Earth")



Se puede consultar también sobre la prosa de esta época, a nivel avanzado, el capítulo correspondiente de la Cambridge History.

Sobre Francis Bacon, hay que recomendar sus Ensayos, completos, o leídos a voleo. ¿Que no los tenéis? Claro que sí.

"Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. Some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that would be only in the less important arguments, and the meaner sort of books, else distilled books are like common distilled waters, flashy things." ("Of Studies")

Más sobre Francis Bacon (en español).

Aquí nos recita Bacon su ensayo "Of Truth":

Y aquí hay una conferencia sobre los ensayos de Bacon y en concreto "Of Love":

A cuenta de Bacon nombramos a Montaigne, interesante ensayista escéptico del Renacimiento francés. Aquí un pequeño comentario sobre la construcción social de la realidad según el escéptico Montaigne.

In our Time (audio):

— Empiricism:

— Baconian science:

Prosa barroca del siglo XVII:  Robert Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.  (In Our Time).

Quien se atreva a hurgar en la Pseudodoxia Epidemica de Sir Thomas Browne, también la tiene en la red.


Aquí algunas de las principales obras de estos prosistas:

Sir Francis Bacon  (1561-1626)

_____. Essays. 
1597, 1612, 1625. 
_____.  The Advancement of Learning.
_____.  Novum Organum. 
_____. The New Atlantis.
Utopian narrative. 1627.

Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682)

_____.  Religio Medici.   1643.
_____. Vulgar Errors (Pseudodoxia Epidemica). 1646.
_____.  Hydriotaphia, or Urn Burial... together with The Garden of Cyrus.  1658.

Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon  (1609-1674)

_____. The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England.  3 vols. Finished 1671-2. Pub. 1702-4.
_____. The Life of Edward, Earl of Clarendon.  Written 1668-70. Pub. 1759.

Robert Burton    (1577-1640)
_____. The Anatomy of Melancholy. 1621, 1638.


Nivel avanzado:

Sobre la prosa inglesa anterior a esta época, puede verse en esta antología de Henry Craik.

Y para la literatura de esta época tenéis esta fantástica edición online de la Cambridge Encyclopedia of English Literature. Para esta y para todas las épocas, for all ages... excepto la contemporánea. Pero sobre la segunda parte del siglo XVII es excelente su volumen 8, The Age of Dryden.

El programa de esta asignatura pasa muy por encima del teatro del siglo XVII. Pero nombraremos al menos a uno de los dramaturgos más interesantes de la época jacobea,

JOHN  WEBSTER     (c. 1578-c. 1638)
_____.  The White Devil, or Vittoria Corombona. Tragedy. 1612.
_____. The Duchess of Malfi. Tragedy. Performed at Blackfriars by the King's Men, c. 1613. Printed 1623.

_____. The Devil’s Law Case. Tragicomedy. Pub. 1623.
_____. Appius and Virginia. Drama. 1654.

A lecture on Webster:

9/10 de noviembre. Milton Week. Traed los textos de John Milton—pero empezaremos con el poema de Marvell The Mower Against Gardens.


Hablaremos y leeremos de John Milton.

JOHN MILTON         (1608-1674)
English poet, son of John Milton, London musician and scrivener; st. Christ's College, Cambridge, BA 1628, MA 1632; turned vs. Anglicanism, then private study at father's house in Horton, Buckinghamshire; tour of Italy late 30s; private tutor and active Protestant pamphleteer and polemicist in London; m  Mary Powell, of Royalist family, 1643, estranged for some time, advocated divorce; reconciliation with wife, austere and authoritarian patriarch, militant masculinist, Independent critic of Presbyterians, Latin secretary to the Commonwealth, supported regicide, apologist of Cromwell; blind 1652; wife d. after childbirth, 3 surviving daughters; son John died; m. Katharine Woodcock, d. after childbirth; m. Elizabeth Minshull after Restoration (no surviving children from later wives); protected Royalists under war and Commonwealth and was protected by Davenant and Marvell after Restoration, fined but pardoned, abandoned political activity, private life as man of letters, historian, theologian and neoclassical poet, helped by his wife and visitors, organ player for recreation; suffered from gout, buried at St. Giles, Cripplegate. His main works:

Early works

Milton, John. "On the Morning of Christ's Nativity. Compos'd 1629." In The Poems of John Milton. 1645.
_____. "On Shakespear." Sonnet. 1630.
_____. "L'Allegro" and "Il Penseroso." Poems, early 1630s. In Poems. 1645.
_____. A MASKE / PRESENTED / At Ludlow Castle, / 1634 (Comus).
_____. "Ad Patrem." Latin poem. Pub. 1645.
_____. "Lycidas." Pastoral elegy. 1637. In Poems of Mr. John Milton. 1645.

Works 1640-1660

Milton, John. Of Reformation Touching Church Discipline in England. 1641.
_____. The Reason of Church Government Urg'd Against Prelaty. 1641-42.
_____. The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce. 1643.
_____. Tetrachordon: Expositions upon the four chief places of Scripture which treat of Marriage. 1644.
_____. Of Education. 1644.
_____. Areopagitica: A Speech of Mr John Milton For the Liberty of Unlicenc'd Printing, To the Parliament of England. 1644.
_____. Poems of Mr. John Milton, both English and Latin, / 1645.
_____. "On the new forcers of Conscience under the Long PARLIAMENT." Expanded sonnet. c. 1646, pub. 1673.
_____. The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates. 1649.
_____. EIKONOCLASTES: in answer to a Book, entitled, Eikon Basilike, the Portraiture of his sacred Majesty in his Solitudes and Sufferings. 1649.
_____. Pro populo Anglicano Defensio. Political pamphlet. 1651. (Vs. Salmasius, pro Commonwealth).
_____. "Sonnet XV. On the late Massacher in Piedmont. ('Avenge O Lord thy slaughter'd Saints, whose bones')." Sonnet. 1655.
_____. "Sonnet XIX ('Methought I saw my late espoused Saint')." 1658, pub. in Miscellaneous Poems. 1673.
_____. The Readie and Easie Way to Establish a Free Commonwealth. 1660.

Main works – later works

Milton, John. Paradise lost. / A / POEM  / Written in / TEN BOOKS / 1667-1669.
_____. Paradise Lost. / A / POEM / IN / TWELVE BOOKS. / The Author / JOHN MILTON. / The Second Edition With a prefatory poem by Andrew Marvell. 1674.
_____.  History of Britain. 1670.
_____. PARADISE / REGAIN'D. / A / POEM. / In IV BOOKS. / To which is added / SAMSON AGONISTES. 1671.
_____. De Doctrina Christiana. Theological treatise (Unpublished until the 19th century).
_____. Poems, &c. upon Several Occasions. by Mr. John Milton: 1673.

En Luminarium hay también ensayos, crítica, etc. Hay muchas otras páginas, claro. Por ejemplo, en Dartmouth, John Milton Reading Room, con textos anotados.

Una lección sobre Paradise Lost, de Ian Johnston.

Y música en homenaje a Milton. Un oratorio de Handel basado en los poemas de Milton "L'Allegro" e "Il Penseroso": "L'Allegro, Il penseroso ed il Moderato"

También se conserva la música de Henry Lawes para las canciones de Comus.

Recordad que tenéis páginas de casi todos estos autores, con vida, obras, etc., en sitios web como Luminarium. Aquí está la página de Milton.
Y aquí en la Milton Reading Room (Dartmouth):

The complete text of Paradise Lost - Book 1

Introducción a Milton del curso de Yale:

BBC In Our Time- John Milton (audio):
—and another audio on the other side of the Civil War: The Divine Right of Kings

Una ópera de Penderecki (1978) basada en Paradise Lost.

Aquí hay
un curso completo sobre John Milton en la Universidad de Yale, en vídeo y con materiales también.
Esto sólo para los fans de Milton, con nivel avanzado.

Una de las conferencias del curso, ésta sobre Areopagitica:


2/3 nov. El 2 veremos poemas de Herrick y de Cowley; el 3 de Vaughan, Traherne, y Marvell.

ANDREW MARVELL (1621-1678)
andrew marvell
(English metaphysical poet and satirist, b. Winestead-in-Holderness, Yorkshire; l. Kingston-upon-Hull, st. Trinity College, Cambridge, BA 1639; father died while A.M. a student, patronized by wealthy friends, 1640s travels widely in Europe, visits Constantinople; 1651-2 tutor for Sir Thomas Fairfax's family at Nunappleton, Yorkshire, later tutor employed by Oliver Cromwell near Eton; then l. London, 1657 assistant to Milton as Latin Secretary; 1660, 1661 MP for Hull, 1662-5 diplomatic secretary in Holland and Russia; Opposition MP for Hull, salaried by constituents; friend of Prince Rupert, anti-Government satirist under the Restoration, anti-Anglican polemicist, refused employment and bribes from the King, d. of a 'tertian ague', some say poisoned; buried at St. Giles; works published posthumously by his housekeeper or alleged wife)

Some works by Andrew Marvell:
_____. "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland." Written 1650. (Absent from most copies of Miscellaneous Poems 1681).
_____. "Upon Appleton House." Poem. 1651, pub. 1678.
_____. "Bermudas." Poem.
_____. "The Garden." Poem. Early 1650s?
_____. "The Mower against Gardens." Poem. Early 1650s?
_____. "To His Coy Mistress."

_____. "Last Instructions to a Painter." Satire. First pub. 1667 signed "Sir John Denham". Rpt. as Marvell's in Poems on Affairs of State. 1689.
_____. (Anon.). The Rehearsal Transpros'd: or, Animadversions Upon a Late Book, Entitled, A Preface Showing What Grounds There Are of Fears and Jealousies of Popery: ... Prose satire. 1672.

_____. "On Paradise Lost." Poem. Prefaced to the second edition of Paradise Lost, 1674.
_____. (Anon.). An Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government in England....  Prose satire. "Amsterdam", 1678. (Folio).
_____. Miscellaneous Poems by Andrew Marvel.  1681.

Necesitaremos los poemas de Marvell, y los de Vaughan y Traherne.
De Henry Vaughan leemos "Childhood":
—Y también "The Retreat"; de Traherne, "Wonder." En Luminarium encontráis estos y otros poemas.
Aquí unos apuntes sobre Henry Vaughan & brother—y unas notas sobre Traherne.

THOMAS TRAHERNE     (1637-1674)
(British metaphysical and devotional poet, b. Hereford; st. Oxford, BA 1656, MA 1661, Bachelor in Divinity 1669; country priest, private chaplain to the Lord Keeper at Middlesex, poems remained unpublished until late 19th c.)

Traherne, Thomas. Roman Forgeries. 1673.
_____. The Poetical Works of Thomas Traherne, B.D. Ed. Bertram Dobell. 1st pub. 1903.
_____. "Wonder."
_____. Centuries of Meditations. Prose. 1st pub. 1908.
_____. Poems of Felicity. 1st pub. 1910.

Sobre Andrew Marvell,
unos apuntes complementarios.
Leemos de Marvell "On a Drop of Dew" y "To His Coy Mistress". Una explicación de este último:

También leemos "The Mower against Gardens",
y podéis ampliar si queréis leyendo su oda sobre Cromwell, An Horatian Ode.

Necesitaréis los textos—he visto que hay gente que no los trae, y es imposible seguir la clase sin ellos.
—¿Vais cumpliendo el plan de lecturas? ¿Con horario semanal, diccionario a mano, etc.? Recordad la importancia crucial de leer mucho y con atención para ampliar el vocabulario.
¿Visteis las películas y documentales sobre Charles I y Cromwell? Procurad
leer algo sobre el contexto de las guerras civiles y la Commonwealth de los años 1640-50.

Aquí un audio sobre The Trial of Charles II (BBC):
También podéis poner este sitio web de la BBC, "In Our Time", entre vuestros favoritos para practicar audio con programas culturales.

"Regicide and Republic, 1647-1660"—a lecture by Keith Wrightson:
Hay una buena serie de ficción historia antigua, de la BBC, sobre la Revolución, el interregnum etc.: By the Sword Divided

Off-topic. Traherne veía visiones. Aquí un off-topic sobre las escritoras medievales, Julian of Norwich y Margery Kempe, y apariciones y sus voces en la cabeza: The Science of Voices in Your Head.


HENRY VAUGHAN      (1621-1695)

(British metaphysical poet, b. Wales, brother of Thomas Vaughan; Anglican and Royalist, st. London; physician and mystical poet, l. Wales, married two sisters; 8 children)

Vaughan, Henry. Poems, with the Tenth Satyr of Juvenal Englished.
_____. Silex Scintillans: or Sacred Poems and Private Eiaculations.  1650.
_____. Olor Iscanus ... by Mr Henry Vaughan. Poems. 1651.
Vaughan, Henry, and Thomas Vaughan. Thalia Rediviva. Poems. 1678.
Thomas Vaughan. Anima Magica Abscondita. 1650.

A few notes from one of the handbooks, on some of the metaphysical poets:

Nivel avanzado:
A BBC audio on "The Metaphysical Poets."



ABRAHAM COWLEY  (1618-1667)

(English metaphysical poet; posthumous son of a London stationer, st. Westminster School, MA and Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, amiable and retiring character, remained unmarried, ejected 1643 by Puritans, fled to St. John's, Oxford; Royalist poet; exiled courtier at Paris; secretary to Falkland and Lord St. Albans; royal messenger and cypherer, imprisoned in Britain 1656, freed on bail, apparent compromise with Commonwealth, MD Oxford 1657, returned to France; after Restoration remained unpreferred, retired to Surrey, pensioned by the Queen, d. Chertsey, buried Westminster Abbey)

_____. Poetical Blossomes. 1633.
_____. Loves Riddle. Pastoral drama. 1638.
_____. Naufragium Ioculare. Latin comedy. 1638.
_____. The Guardian. Comedy. 1641.
_____. The Puritan and the Papist. Satire. 1643.
_____. The Mistress; or, Several Copies of Love-Verses.  1647. 1655. ("Against Hope", "For Hope").
_____. Davideis,  a Sacred Poem of the Troubles of David. Epic, c. 1645.
_____. Pindarique Odes. In Poems, 1656.
_____. Poems. London, 1656.
_____. A Proposition for the Advancement of Experimental Philosophy. 1659.
_____. "Ode, upon his Majesties Restoration and Return." 1660.
_____. Verses Written on Several Occasions. 1663.
_____. De Plantis Libri VI. Latin poem in 6 books. 1668.
_____. The Cutter of Coleman Street. Comedy (rev. of The Guardian) 1663.
_____. Essays. In The Works. 1668.

Comentamos este fragmento de Davideis de Cowley. Sobre la música de las esferas o música cósmica a que alude el poema, hay un famoso poema en español, la "Oda a Salinas" de Fray Luis de León.

Some notes on Cowley (and Denham)

Hemos mencionado también la teoría de las correspondencias, objeto de un famoso soneto de Baudelaire, y la Gran Cadena del Ser. Aquí una representación tradicional de la misma, con las jeraquías sociales y naturales bien ordenadas:

great chain
Nivel avanzado:
Cowley's classical creationism and evolutionary thought: "Chaos and the Emergence of Order in Evolutionary Cosmology: Two Evolutionary Accounts." Ibercampus (Vanity Fea) 29 Aug. 2015.*

Y quien quiera una reflexión sobre la Gran Cadena del Ser como teoría
pre-evolucionista de la complejidad (?) puede mirar aquí:

ROBERT HERRICK  (1591-1674)

(English poet, b. Cheapside, 7th son of Nicholas Herrick, goldsmith;  st. St John's College, Cambridge, 1613, later Trinity Hall; protected by the Earl of Exeter; Cavalier poet and "Son of Ben"; ordained Anglican priest, 1623; army chaplain, then vicar of Dean Prior, Devonshire, 1630-; unmarried, l. in Westminster with much younger Tomasin Parsons; loyalist, ejected by Puritans 1647, l. London; reinstated Dean Prior 1660)

Herrick, Robert.  "The Argument of His Book." In Hesperides. 1648.

_____. "The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home." In Hesperides. 1648.Hesperides
_____. "Delight in Disorder." In Herrick, Hesperides. 1648.

_____. "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time." In Herrick, Hesperides. 1648.
_____. "Corinna's Going a-Maying." In Hesperides. 1648.
_____. "The Bad Season Makes the Poet Sad." In Herrick, Hesperides. 1648.
_____. HESPERIDES: / OR, THE WORKS / BOTH HUMANE & DIVINE/  OF / ROBERT HERRICK Esq. 1648. (Includes Hesperides, sacred poems and Noble Numbers, secular poems).


"Robert Herrick (1591-1674)." Luminarium.*

Comentamos "Good Friday: Rex Tragicus"


Nivel avanzado: Robert Herrick (The Poetry Foundation).

podéis repasar aquí el contexto histórico de 1648-49 en el documental sobre The Last Days of Charles I:


SIR JOHN DENHAM  (1615-1668)

(English poet, b. Dublin, only son of Sir John Denham, raised in London, st. Oxford, and Lincoln's Inn; gambling addict, sheriff of Surrey, resigned, l. Oxford; Royalist, messenger between the Queen and King 1647, conveyed James Duke of York to France, exile there until 1652, lost property, rewarded at the Restoration, surveyor of the King's buildings, unhappy marriage, mentally disordered for some time)

_____. The Passion of Dido for Aeneas. 1636. (Trans. of the 2nd book of the Aeneid)
_____. The Sophy. 1642.
_____. Cooper's Hill. Descriptive poem. 1643, 1668
_____. Poems and Translations. 1668.

RICHARD LOVELACE      (1618-1658)

(Cavalier poet; son of Sir William Lovelace, from Woolwich, Kent; st. Charterhouse, Gloucester Hall, Oxford 1634, handsome, courtly and popular, created MA by special favour 1636, became courtier and soldier in Scottish wars, imprisoned by Parliament when he led a Royalist petition, wrote in prison; released on bail, formed a regiment in France, wounded, his lady "Lucasta" married another, 1648 imprisoned in England, published poems, fortune ruined, died in poverty)

______.  The Scholar. Comedy. c. 1634.
_____. "To Althea, from prison."
_____.  Lucasta. London, 1649.
_____. Lucasta, or Posthume Poems. 1660.

Esta semana leeremos algo de los Cavalier Poets—traed todas sus lecturas (antes de las de Milton)—  Lovelace, Carew, Herrick, Waller, Denham—y también Cowley. 

Notas sobre Metaphysical and Cavalier Poets en Wikilearning.

Carew, Suckling, Lovelace (David Daiches)

Una videolección introductoria a los Cavalier Poets.
Unas notas sobre Carew and the Cavaliers

EDMUND WALLER (1606-1687)

(English neoclassical Cavalier poet, nephew of Parliamentarian John Hampden and cousin to Oliver Cromwell, soon orphan, l. from family income, st. Eton, King's College, Cambridge; courtier and MP, admired as orator, wit and conversationalist; kept seat under Revolution but helped the King, promoted counter-revolutionary "Waller's plot" to cut supplies to the Parliament's army, discovered, betrayed associates, who were executed; abject plea for pardon, imprisoned, fined and banished, exile in France, pardoned by Cromwell, panegyrist for Restoration, obtained Hampden's pardon; courtier and MP in Charles II's parliaments, adversary of Clarendon)

_____. "To the King on his Navy." c. 1628.
_____. "On a Girdle."
_____. "The Story of Phoebus and Daphne, Applied."
_____. Poems. 1645.
_____. "Panegyric to My Lord Protector." Poem. 1654. .
_____. "Upon His Majesty's Happy Return."
_____. Instructions to a Painter, for the Drawing of the Posture and Progress of His Majesties Forces at Sea. Long poem, panegyric. 1666.
_____. Presage of the Downfall of the Turkish Empire. Poem. 1685.
_____. The Second Part of Mr.Waller's Poems. 1690.

Aquí un poema  de vuestras lecturas, de Waller,

Song: Go, Lovely Rose

Go, lovely Rose!
Tell her, that wastes her time and me,
That now she knows
When I resemble her to thee,
How sweet and fair she seems to be.
Tell her that's young
And shuns to have her graces spied,
That hadst thou sprung
In deserts, where no men abide,
Thou must have uncommended died.
Small is the worth
Of beauty from the light retired:
Bid her come forth,
Suffer herself to be desired,
And not blush to be so admired.
Then die! that she
The common fate of all things rare
May read in thee:
How small a part of time they share
That are so wondrous sweet and fair!

Existe la música de la canción, de Henry Lawes, uno de los mejores compositores de la época carolina.

THOMAS CAREW (1595-1640)

(English poet; b. Kent; st. Corpus Christi, Oxford,  Cambridge, & Inns of Court; traveller, Cavalier courtier and wit under Charles I, gentleman of the Privy Chamber, reputation as a libertine, d. penitent)

_____. "To My Mistress, in Absence."
_____. "Disdain Returned."
_____.  "An Elegy upon the Death of the Dean of Paul's, Dr. John Donne." 1633, 1640.
_____. "A Rapture." From Poems by Thomas Carew. 1640.
_____. Coelum Britannicum. Masque. Written 1634.
_____. Poems. (12º). 1640.
_____. Poems. With a Maske. 1651.

BEN JONSON     (1572-1637)

(English dramatist and poet, b. Westminster, orphaned son of a Protestant minister, st. Westminster School, left Cambridge without a degree, apprenticed as bricklayer to father-in-law; volonteer in Flanders army 1592, killed enemy in single combat, actor in London c. 1594, imprisoned for manslaughter, converted to Catholicism for some time, married 1594, children died; returned to Anglicanism 1606; pensioned by the King 1616; honorary MA Oxford 1619; poet for aristocratic patrons, apologist of Stuart royalty in court masques; neoclassical theorist and literary authority, overweight and hard drinker)

_____.  Every Man in his Humour. Comedy. 1596, 1598.
_____. The Isle of Dogs. Drama. 1597. (With Nashe and others, Lost).

_____. Cynthia's Revels. Drama.  1600.
_____. Every Man Out of His Humour. Comedy. 1600.
_____. The Poetaster. Comedy. Acted at Blackfriars, 1601.
_____. Sejanus His Fall. Tragedy. 1603.
_____. The Masque of Blackness. Acted 1605.
_____. Eastward Ho! Comedy. 1605. (With Marston and Chapman)
_____. Hymenaei. Masque. First performed 1606.
_____. Volpone. Comedy. 1606.
_____. The Masque of Whiteness. c. 1607.
_____. Masque of Beauty. 1608.
_____. Britain's Burse. Drama. 1609.
_____. Epicoene: Or, The Silent Woman. Comedy. 1609-10.
_____. The Masque of Queens. 1609.

_____. The Alchemist. Comedy. c. 1610.
_____. Oberon the Fairy Prince. Masque. 1611.
_____. Catiline His Conspiracy. Tragedy. Pub. 1611.
_____. Love Restored. Masque. 1612.
_____. The Devil is an Ass. Drama. 1616.
_____. Lovers Made Men. Masque. 1617.
_____. Bartholomew Fair. Comedy. 1614.
_____. The Workes of Beniamin Jonson.  1616.  (Folio; Contains: Comedies, Tragedies, Masques,  Epigrams, and The Forest poems).
_____. Conversations with Drummond. 1619.

_____.  The Gipsies Metamorphosed. Masque. 1621.
_____. Time Vindicated. 1623.
_____. "To the Memory of my Beloved, The Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, and What He Hath Left Us." In Mr. William Shakespeares  Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. (First Folio). London,1623.
_____. The Fortunate Isles. 1625.
_____. The Staple of Newes. Comedy. 1626.

Jonson, Ben. The New Inn. Comedy. 1630.
_____. Chloridia. Masque. 1631.
_____. The Magnetic Lady. Comedy. 1632.
_____. Tale of a Tub. Drama. 1633.

Jonson, Ben. The English Grammar. Ed. James Howell. 1640.
_____. The Underwood. In Jonson, (Works, Second folio). 1640.9.*
_____. An Execration against Vulcan. 1640.
_____. Works. 2nd ed. 1640. (Including: Timber: Or, Discoveries).


Muchos de los argumentos de Jonson se basan en la estructura del intrigante descubierto, o el plan perfecto que fracasa. Aquí un comentario sobre este tipo de estructura dramática / narrativa: La historia del fracaso del plan.

Leeremos el primero de los poemas de Ben Jonson, "To the Memory of my Beloved, the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare..." 

Unos apuntes sobre Ben Jonson.
Esta es la otra "Ode (To Himself)" de Jonson:
En Internet podéis hojear más obras de Jonson. Por ejemplo:
The Sad Shepherd: Or, A Tale of Robin Hood (1637).
Online facsimile at The Internet Archive


Traed a clase los primeros poemas del programa, John Donne incluido. Y Herbert.
Nos comunica la Facultad que tenemos que elegir delegado de curso y grupo. Pensad si queréis presentaros voluntarios o candidatos, o si saldrá sin más quien más votos saque. El miércoles próximo lo comentaré en clase, y el jueves haremos la votación, rápida y eficazmente (no perderemos en esto la clase). Necesitaremos un presidente y dos vocales, mejor todos estudiantes (¿no?). Si no hay voluntarios para la mesa, cogeremos a dedo a tres.
Mi propuesta es: Utilizamos como listado electoral las fichas. Pedimos candidaturas, y se elige entre ellas, a mano alzada a menos que alguien pida voto secreto. Si no hay candidaturas, todo el mundo es candidato. (Menos yo). En los impresos hay que poner el nombre de varias personas; el más votado será el delegado de curso y de su grupo, y los subdelegados serán suplentes o delegados de grupo en su caso.

Después de Herbert trataremos de Jonson y Carew. Con sus lecturas—y luego otros Cavaliers: Waller, Lovelace, Denham, Cowley, Herrick.

GEORGE HERBERT          (1593-1633)
(English metaphysical poet, aristocrat, brother to Edward Herbert of Cherbury, kinsman to William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke; b. near Montgomery, st. Westminster School, Trinity College, Cambridge, MA; 1619 orator for the University; musician, student of languages, pensioned by King James; courtier, with a stand-in at Cambridge; MP for Montgomery 1624-25; canon of Lincoln Cathedral 1626; married Jane Danvers 1629, adopted two orphaned nieces, rector of Bemerton, ordained 1630; took orders 1626, l. Huntingdon, then Wiltshire; m. Jane Danvers; then l. Bemerton near Salisbury; vowed saintly life; devoted to pastoral work, d. of consumption)

Herbert, George.  The Temple: Sacred Poems and Private Ejaculations, By Mr George Herbert. 1633. 1641. c.  1647. 1656. (13 eds. to 1679).
_____. A Priest to the Temple, or, The Countrey Parson, his Character, and Rule of Holy Life. c. 1632. 1st pub. In Herbert's Remains. 1652.

A poem by George Herbert, 

Prayer (I)

Prayer, the Church's banquet, angel's age,
  God's breath in man returning to his birth,
  The soul in paraphrase, heart in pilgrimage,
The Christian plummet sounding heaven and Earth;
Engine against th' almighty, sinner's tower,
  Reversèd thunder, Christ-side-piercing spear,
  The six-days world transposing in an hour,
A kind of tune, which all things hear and fear,
Softness, and peace, and joy, and love, and bliss,
  Exalted manna, gladness of the best,
  Heaven in ordinary, man well dressed,
The Milky Way, the bird of paradise,
  Church-bells beyond the stars heard, the soul's blood,
  The land of spices; something understood.

George Herbert at Luminarium.

And of course, "George Herbert." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.



Más información sobre George Herbert.
Un sermón sobre poesía y lenguaje poético: John Piper on George Herbert's Life and Work

Andrew Sanders on Herbert and other metaphysical poets.


Other religious writers:

Edward Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648) - De Veritate. 1624.
_____. Life. (Posth.).

Richard Hooker (d. 1600) - Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity. 8 vols. 1594-1662.


Seguimos con Donne tras el Pilar:

Sonnet XIX - O to vex me...


Some additional notes on John Donne.

A tutorial on "Death be not proud", "Go and catch a Falling Star", and other poems.

An Indian lecture on "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning" (in several parts):


A lecture upon John Donne:
Sherman, Ted. "John Donne Songs and Sonnets and Divine Poetry Lecture 1."

El poema lésbico de John Donne, "Sapho to Philaenis"
Un documental de la BBC: Six Centuries of Verse (Metaphysical and Devotional poets):


Aquí la noticia en el New York Times.

Y aquí una canción cualquiera de tantas suyas:—"Thunder in the Mountain":


Otro Fuera de Programa: En la Filmoteca ponen Campanadas a Medianoche (Falstaff) de Orson Welles, una de las mejores películas basadas en Shakespeare. Jueves 20, 18h / Sábado 22, 19,45h.

Finales de octubre
Traed a clase los primeros poemas del programa, John Donne incluido. Y Herbert, y luego Ben Jonson.

NIVEL AVANZADO: "Our Life in Poetry: John Donne." Panel discussion at the Philoctetes Center. YouTube (Philoctetes Center)

Sobre "The Good-Morrow" está esta explicación que hice yo hace tiempo, o esta otra en vídeo.

Otro famoso poema de Donne: "The Canonization":
"John Donne – Poet in the City (St Paul's Cathedral)."


Hablamos la semana pasada de una introducción histórica al período. Quien quiera ampliar materiales, por aquí hay más.
En Google Books (que no es lo mismo que Google sin más) podéis encontrar muchos materiales de consulta— por ejemplo esta Historia introductoria de Inglaterra.  (De momento, los capítulos 29 al 33 son los más interesantes).

Acostumbraos a usar este recurso:
Y, cómo no, la Wikipedia: este es el artículo sobre la Inglaterra entre los siglos XVI y XVIII, "Early Modern Britain".

Pre-Pilares y Pilares:
Hablamos la semana pasada de una introducción histórica al período. Quien quiera ampliar materiales, por aquí hay más.
En Google Books (que no es lo mismo que Google sin más) podéis encontrar muchos materiales de consulta— por ejemplo esta Historia introductoria de Inglaterra.  (De momento, los capítulos 29 al 33 son los más interesantes).

Acostumbraos a usar este recurso:
Y, cómo no, la Wikipedia: este es el artículo sobre la Inglaterra entre los siglos XVI y XVIII, "Early Modern Britain".

A timeline of the history of England to the eighteenth century. En breve.


Un poema de Samuel Daniel: Are they shadows that we see?
Es una canción de un drama cortesano de Daniel, a masque, titulado Tethys' Festival (1610).
Una cosa. No vemos mucho teatro en el programa (no lo hay en las lecturas, por ejemplo). Pondré algo en "nivel avanzado" aquí, y quien tenga mayor interés puede seguir si quiere mi página de Facebook El gran teatro del mundo, dedicada al teatro, a cuestiones metateatrales y dramatística social.

Vimos en clase una introducción histórica al siglo XVII y al periodo que nos ocupa. Hablaremos también de los poetas metafísicos, empezando por John Donne. Leed los primeros poemas, y recordad traer a clase las lecturas que nos correspondan (por ejemplo, medio tema 1, o todo él). Sin los textos delante es imposible seguir las sesiones de comentario de texto. Empezaremos por los textos de John Donne.

Aquí un documental sobre los Estuardo:

—y más cosas de reyes y reinas, como historical background del XVI-XVII: Fit to Rule: Gods to Men - Tudors to Stuarts:


Una nota sobre el soneto que comentamos, "More oft than once Death whispered in my ear..."



Es de William Drummond. Aquí tenéis otro poema de Drummond, un madrigal filosófico, con breve comentario. Drummond, inventor, poeta, señor feudal y autor de un libro de conversaciones con Ben Jonson,  es también uno de los primeros que abogan por la tolerancia política y religiosa, en "A speech on Toleration".

Un audio de la BBC sobre la intolerancia y el desarrollo de la tolerancia en el siglo XVII.

Unas notas sobre Samuel Daniel.

Un importante autor del siglo XVII no estudiamos: Shakespeare, que "le toca" a la asignatura de Literatura Inglesa I y no entra en nuestro examen. Pero podéis refrescar vuestros conocimientos sobre su contexto histórico con una serie de la BBC, muy recomendable, IN SEARCH OF SHAKESPEAREa veces disponible en YouTube.


Some works by John Donne (1572-1631)

_____. "Songs and Sonets" —in Poems.
_____. Biathanatos. Written 1608, posth. pub.
_____. Pseudo-Martyr. 1610.
_____. The First Anniversary. Elegy. 1611.
_____. "Elegies"—in Poems.
_____. Ignatius His Conclave. Prose satire. 1610-11.
_____. "Divine Poems." —in  Poems.
_____. Devotions upon Emergent Occasions. 1624.
_____. Poems.  1633. 2nd ed. 1635.
_____. Essays in Divinity. 1651.

El miércoles seguimos comentando el poema de Drummond. Traed también de las fotocopias el primero ("Are they shadows..." de Samuel Daniel) y los de Donne, que será el primer autor del programa que veremos.



Un documental de la BBC sobre John Donne:

Y un extra suplementario - un vídeo sobre "estudiar Filología Inglesa/Estudios Ingleses" (...en otra universidad, no en ésta, pero parecido).



William Drummond, From Flowers of Sion

Sonnet XXV

More oft than once death whispered in my ear,
Grave what thou hears in diamond and gold:
I am that monarch whom all monarchs fear,
Who hath in dust their far-stretched pride uprolled;
All, all is mine beneath moon's silver sphere,
And nought, save virtue, can my power withhold:
This, not believed, experience true thee told,
By danger late when I to thee came near.
As bugbear then my visage I did show,
That of my horrors thou right use mightst make,
And a more sacred path of living take:
Now still walk armèd for my ruthless blow,
  Trust flattering life no more, redeem time past,
  And live each day as if it were thy last.


Algunos títulos útiles para orientar en comentario de texto. Conviene leer alguno, de estos u otros:

Cummings, Robert, ed. Seventeenth-Century Poetry: An Annotated Anthology. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
Eagleton, Terry. How to read a poem. Malden (MA): Blackwell Publishing, 2007.
Eagleton, Terry. How to Read Literature. New Haven: Yale UP, 2013.
Furniss, Tom, and Michael Bath. Reading Poetry: An Introduction. Harlow: Pearson-Longman, 1996.
García Domínguez, Elías. Cómo leer textos narrativos. Madrid: Akal, 1987.
Goatly, Andrew. Critical Reading and Writing: An Introductory Coursebook. London: Routledge, 2000.
Gómez Lara, Manuel J., and Juan A. Prieto Pablos. The Ways of the Word: An Advanced Course on Reading and the Analysis of Literary Texts. Huelva: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Huelva, 1994.
Montgomery, Martin, Nigel Fabb, Tom Furniss, Sara Mills and Alan Durant. Ways of Reading: Advanced Reading Skills for Students of English Literature. London: Routledge, 1992.
Peck, John, and Martin Coyle. Practical Criticism: How to Write a Critical Appreciation. (Macmillan Study Guides). Houndmills: Macmillan, 1995.
Spurr, Barry. Studying Poetry. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1997.

Una película histórica que se puede ver, sobre Charles I y la primera revolución inglesa: To Kill a King. Aquí en español, Matar a un Rey

Otro vídeo para el contexto histórico. La calidad visual no es buena, pero se puede oír, y ver más o menos. Es la historia de los reyes y reinas de Inglaterra. Para los que nos interesan en esta asignatura, empezad hacia el minuto 2.13.00:

(Una errata: la unificación de los reinos en un reino común, "Britain", no se dio con James I; sólo la de las coronas. La unión de reinos entre Inglaterra y Escocia fue en 1707).

A historical episode at the beginning of the reign of James I—The Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy by Catholic terrorists:

—y la historia de la máscara de Guy Fawkes.
Uno de los manuales recomendados, en PDF (The Short Oxford History of English Literature)

Comenzamos las clases comentando este poema de Drummond en detalle, a modo de ejemplo.
Para ello vamos siguiendo los pasos de la guía para comentar un texto (también visible aquí, La segunda semana aún utilizaremos estos textos que repartí (traedlos a clase), y luego pasaremos a una introducción histórica del periodo, y al primer autor, John Donne.

Este es el volumen de la antología Norton que os recomiendo comprar para esta asignatura. (Este, o usado, más barato, en una edición anterior). Esto en segunda instancia: lo primero, un manual (ver programa)—el de Alexander, o el de Sanders (Short Oxford History of English Literature).  Pero manejar el volumen de la Norton os resultará útil para ver otros textos de los autores estudiados. Es posible hacer los trabajos también sobre algún texto de los autores del programa que no esté incluido en las fotocopias, o bien sobre otro autor importante de la época que no figure entre las lecturas (siempre eligiendo un texto específico y centrándose en el comentario del texto). Lo ideal es emplear la antología para este fin, o sitios web como Luminarium (ver abajo).

Por cierto, si alguien desea exponer su trabajo en clase, en lugar de entregarlo por escrito, o adicionalmente, que se ponga en contacto conmigo para fijar fecha. Os tocará hacer muchas presentaciones a lo largo de la carrera, pero en esta asignatura son solamente optativas.
Haced un plan de estudio, cuatrimestral y semanal. Cuatrimestralmente, pensad si vais a hacer trabajos, y cómo vais a organizaros para prepararlos y entregarlos, así como para ir llevando adelante el temario de al asignatura para estudio. Allí damos con el plan semanal: el folio en la pared, físicamente visible, con el horario de estudio y de lectura, que hay que hacerle un sitio. Recordad también consultar esta web regularmente, pues se va actualizando cada pocos días.


Bienvenidas/os a esta asignatura. En esta web ( iremos poniendo alguna información de interés para su desarrollo.

Y materiales adicionales y complementarios, unos para clase y otros para quienes deseen ampliar materia más allá de lo estrictamente necesario—en esos casos indicaré nivel "avanzado". Por ejemplo (para nivel AVANZADO): aquí hay un curso de la Universidad de Yale, una serie de lecciones sobre Early Modern English History. Varios de los vídeos tratan sobre el período que nos concierne. (Llevan subtítulos por cierto. Este tipo de vídeos son buen sitio para practicar inglés continuadamente).

Aquí hay uno de ellos: Education and Literacy in Early Modern England:

Recomendé comprar, si no la tenéis ya, alguna historia de Inglaterra o de Gran Bretaña. Aquí hay algunos títulos posibles. Más, en Google o en nuestra bibliografía:

Corbishley, Mike, et al. Oxford History of Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006.

Jenkins, Simon. A Short History of England. London: Profile Books / National Trust, 2011.

Trevelyan, George Macaulay. A Shortened History of England. 1942. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1972 etc.

Wood, Michael. The Story of England. Viking, 2010.

Coward, Barry. The Stuart Age: England 1603-1714. 4th ed. London: Routledge, 2011.

McDowall, David. An Illustrated History of Britain. London: Longman, 1989... etc.



Mencionamos en clase la teoría de los roles y la sociología dramatística de la vida cotidiana. Un ejemplo, el libro de Berger y Luckmann The Social Construction of Reality.

Los roles sociales como máscaras teatrales según Berger y Luckmann: Aprendiendo a esconderse.

Una curiosidad para (h)ojear. La imagen del mundo al principio del siglo XVII, en uno de los más ambiciosos libros de historia y geografía de esta época, Purchas's Pilgrimage.

Un episodio del comienzo del reinado de Jacobo I:
Robinson, Bruce. "The Gunpowder Plot." BBC website:


Aún más avanzado, para gente con tiempo— una lección sobre el contexto histórico europeo del siglo XVII in closer focus, de la universidad de Berkeley.

"History 5 – Lecture 8" [Seventeenth century developments]. Video lecture. YouTube (UC Berkeley) 14 Feb. 2013.*


Literatura Inglesa II
(Grado en Estudios Ingleses, 2º curso - 27820)

La asignatura está concebida como un estadio intermedio en el estudio de la literatura inglesa. Dicho estudio comienza con la asignatura de primer curso Literatura Inglesa I y continúa con las asignaturas de la materia “Literatura inglesa” impartidas en cursos posteriores. El diseño de la asignatura se basa en el estudio de los principales autores, movimientos, motivos y temas de la producción literaria de los siglos XVII y XVIII, así como del análisis de un corpus representativo de obras literarias del periodo.

Temario de la asignatura:

Seventeenth-century Literature:

1. The literature of the early seventeenth century and the Commonwealth. Metaphysical and Cavalier poetry. John Milton and his works.
Readings: Selection of poems by John Donne, Ben Jonson, George Herbert, Robert Herrick, Edmund Waller, Richard Lovelace,
Andrew Marvell, and John Milton's Paradise Lost.

2. The Restoration period. Restoration comedy. The flourishing of satiric literature. The devotional prose of John Bunyan.
Excerpts from Francis Bacon's Novum Organum. From Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress. Selections from Dryden and Rochester's satiric poetry. Aphra Behn, Oroonoko.

Eighteenth-century literature:

3. The literature of the Augustan period. The development of satire.
Prose writers. Journals and magazines. The rise of the novel.
Excerpts from Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe and Roxana.   Excerpts from Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels. Selection from Alexander Pope's poetry.

4. Advancing further into the eighteenth century. The Graveyard School and other pre-romantic poets (Oliver Goldsmith, William Cowper, James Macpherson, etc.). The development of the novel. Prose writers: Samuel Johnson, Mary Wollstonecraft, and others.
Readings:  Excerpts from Samuel Richardson's Pamela, Henry Fielding's Tom Jones, and Lawrence Sterne's Tristram Shandy.
Selections from the poets and prose writers.

Trabajo de clase

Como las demás asignaturas de la materia de Literatura Inglesa en el Grado de Estudios Ingleses, consta ésta de una parte teórica y una parte práctica. De acuerdo con esto, habrá actividades en clase que se ocupen más específicamente de presentar contenidos de carácter conceptual y teórico, y otras de carácter más práctico, dedicadas al análisis de las obras literarias incluidas en el programa, haciendo uso de los conocimientos y herramientas necesarios para el comentario de textos. Las clases versarán sobre el contexto histórico y cultural de la literatura, los géneros y convenciones usados, y el perfil intelectual y literario de los autores, así como la temática y forma de las principales obras estudiadas, desde el punto de vista del comentario de textos.

Trabajos en grupo y tutorías

Los trabajos en grupo proporcionan la posibilidad de desarrollar el aprendizaje entre iguales, discutir sobre un tema, intercambiar ideas, repartir tareas y producir un resultado que contribuya a la calificación de los participantes. Para elaborarlos, los estudiantes podrán acudir a las tutorías grupales con el profesor, en horario de tutorías, destinadas principalmente a la supervisión de los trabajos en grupo. El profesor también estará disponible para tutorías individuales. (Horario de tutorías: lunes, martes y miércoles, de 12 a 13; jueves y viernes, de 9,30-11, 11,30-13,30). Consultas:


Hay dos opciones: o bien sólo examen final o bien examen final más trabajos en grupo opcionales (examen 60%, trabajos 40%). En el examen, la nota se basa en una serie de preguntas sobre el temario (60%) y un comentario de texto (40%).

- Trabajo 1: trabajo grupal sobre un poema/fragmento a elegir de entre las lecturas obligatorias de los temas 1 y 2 (literatura s. XVII). La fecha límite de entrega del trabajo será el día del examen final. Aunque es recomendable entregar al menos este trabajo antes de fin de año.

- Trabajo 2: trabajo grupal sobre una obra de entre las lecturas obligatorias de los temas 3 y 4 (literatura s. XVIII). La fecha límite de entrega del trabajo será el día del examen final.

- El examen se realizará en las fechas señaladas por la Facultad para las convocatorias de enero/febrero y septiembre. La modalidad de evaluación por trabajos se aplicará únicamente a la primera convocatoria. Es recomendable que los trabajos se entreguen durante el curso; la fecha límite de entrega será el día del examen final.  Para más criterios de evaluación, ver la guía académica:, y más específicamente sobre la puntuación del examen, aquí. Insuficiencias en el trabajo de diverso tipo, como la inasistencia continuada a clase, un nivel deficiente de inglés, desorganización en el trabajo, descompensación de nivel entre los trabajos y el examen, etc., podrán impedir alcanzar las calificaciones máximas.

Algunos datos más sobre el examen:

La parte de teoría constará de un tema, a elegir entre dos propuestos, y preguntas breves tipo test. De los dos temas propuestos, uno será uno de los principales autores tratados en el temario (los que figuran por su nombre en ese apartado, arriba, "Temario de la asignatura").  Otro tema será de carácter más general, referido a un género literario o una época (por ej. "La poesía en la Restauración"; "La novela en la segunda mitad del XVIII", etc.) Cada estudiante puede poner más énfasis en preparar un tipo de pregunta u otra, según prefiera.

En la parte de práctica se aprecia tanto la capacidad de contextualizar el texto, en la producción del autor o en la ideología de la época, como la capacidad de analizarlo en su estructura, convenciones literarias y estilo.

Bibliografía recomendadabook lover

Muchas de las lecturas obligatorias (ver abajo) están incluidas en The Norton Anthology of English Literature,

Greenblatt, Stephen, et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Major Authors. 9th ed. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt et al. New York: Norton, 2013.

La antología incluye también introducciones a periodos históricos y autores. Es recomendable adquirirla (el volumen primero para esta asignatura, o la 8ª edición en un volumen) y leer cuantas lecturas adicionales se pueda de las allí incluidas relativas al período entre 1600 y 1800.

Historias breves (en un volumen) de la literatura inglesa:

Alexander, Michael. A History of English Literature. Basingstoke y Nueva York: Palgrave, 2000. Es el que recomiendo como manual de curso para esta asignatura.

Barnard, Robert. A Short History of English Literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.
Blamires, Harry. A Short History of English Literature. Londres: Routledge, 1994.
Carter, Ronald, y John McRae. Penguin Guide to English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995.
Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1993.
Peck, John, y Martin Coyle. A Brief History of English Literature. Basingstoke y Nueva York: Palgrave, 2002.
Poplawski, Paul, ed. English Literature in Context. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008.
Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Historias más extensas:

Ford, Boris, ed. The New Pelican Guide to English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990.
Daiches, David. A Critical History of English Literature. Londres: Mandarin, 1994.

Sobre los siglos XVII-XVIII

Ford, Boris, ed. From Blake to Byron. Vol. 5 of The New Pelican Guide to English Literature. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1982. 1990.
DeMaria, ed. British Literature 1640-1789: An Anthology. (Blackwell Anthologies). Oxford: Blackwell, 2001.
Novak, Maximilian E. Eighteenth-Century English Literature. (The Macmillan History of Literature). Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1983.
Parry, Graham. The Seventeenth Century: The Intellectual and Cultural Context of English Literature, 1603-1700. London: Longman, 1989.

Otros libros útiles para prácticas o para la preparación de la asignatura:

Cuddon, J. A. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991.
Birch, Dinah, and Katy Hooper, eds. The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 2012.
Drabble, Margaret, ed. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.
Gill, Richard. Mastering English Literature. 2nd ed. Basingstoke y Nueva York: Palgrave, 1995.
Peck, John, y Martin Coyle. Practical Criticism. Londres: Macmillan, 1995.
Rainsford, Dominic. Studying Literature in English: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 2014.
Wolfreys, Julian. The English Literature Companion. Basingstoke y Nueva York: Palgrave, 2011.

Pope, Rob. Studying English Literature and Language: An Introduction and Companion. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2012. (En edicions anteriores, The English Studies Book, 1998, 2002). Aquí hay una vista previa:

Recursos complementarios en Internet:

A Bibliography of Literary Theory, Criticism and Philology  (Incluye información bibliográfica suplementaria sobre todos los autores, géneros y períodos aquí tratados).

The Early Modern Center (U of California at Santa Barbara)

18th-century Resources - Literature. Ed. Jack Lynch (Rutgers U).

The Early Modern Colloquium (U of Michigan)


Project Gutenberg

Google Books

Amazon (En muchos libros se incluye un previsualizado)

The Norton Anthology of English Literature

Voice of the Shuttle: Renaissance and 17th century / Restoration and 18th century

También es recomendable acudir los recursos de información general más usados, como Google, la Wikipedia, etc. Empezando por este artículo:

"English Literature." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

Bibliografía más específica sobre autores, géneros, etc., puede encontrarse en la bibliografía general:



Pueden comprarse fotocopias de estas lecturas en Reprografía, planta baja del Pabellón de Filología. Es recomendable ir adelantando su lectura, empezando simultáneamente por la poesía y por las selecciones de narración, más largas, de los temas 3 y 4.

Unit 1:
Daniel, "Are they shadows that we see?";
Donne: "The Good-Morrow"; "Song: Go and Catch a Falling Star"; "The Sun Rising"; "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning"; "A Lecture upon the Shadow"; "Holy Sonnet 1: Thou hast made me…"; "Holy Sonnet 10: Death be not proud"; "Holy Sonnet 9: If poisonous minerals…"; "Holy Sonnet 14: Batter my heart…"; Holy Sonnet 19: "O, to vex me.."
Herbert: "The Altar"; "Love (3)"; "Prayer (1)"
Marvell: "The Definition of Love"; "To His Coy Mistress"; "The Mower Against Gardens"; "On a Drop of Dew"
Vaughan, "Childhood"; "The Retreat"
Traherne, "Wonder"
Jonson: "Karolin's Song"; "My Picture, Left in Scotland"; "An Ode to Himself"; Prologue to Every Man In His Humour; "To the Memory of (...) William Shakespeare"
Herrick: "The Bad Season Makes the Poet Sad"; "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time"; "Good Friday: Rex Tragicus"
Lovelace: "To Althea, from Prison"; "To Lucasta, Going to the Warres"
Waller: "Go, Lovely Rose!"
Denham, from "Cooper's Hill"
Cowley, "Against Hope"; from Davideis
Milton: "Sonnet XIX, On his Blindness"; "Sonnet XXIII, Methought I saw my late espousèd saint"; Selections from Paradise Lost (from Books I, III, IV, IX, XII)

Unit 2:
Rochester: "A Satyr on Charles II"; from "A Satyre against Reason and Mankind"; from Seneca's Troades.
Dryden: From Annus Mirabilis; From Absalom and Achitophel; "To the Memory of Mr. Oldham"
Bunyan: From The Pilgrim's Progress 
Bacon, from Novum Organum and The New Atlantis
Locke, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Behn: Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave

Unit 3:
Addison, from The Spectator
Defoe: From Robinson Crusoe; from Roxana.
Swift: From Gulliver's Travels.
Pope: From The Rape of the Lock; from An Essay on Man

Unit 4:
Richardson: from Pamela,
Fielding: from Tom Jones
Sterne: from Tristram Shandy
Gray: "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard"
Goldsmith: from "The Deserted Village"; "Asem"
Johnson, from Lives of the English Poets and "The Preface to Shakespeare".
Cowper: from The Task
Wollstonecraft, from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Blake, "The Clod and the Pebble"; "London"; "Auguries of Innocence"


Un poco de contexto histórico y científico para el estudio de la cultura: un documental sobre A HISTORY OF THE WORLD IN TWO HOURS, una conferencia de Fukuyama sobre los orígenes del orden político, y unas lecciones sobre el desarrollo cultural de la humanidad: A Brief History of Humankind.


Vanity Fea: Literatura