Universidad de Zaragoza
:: UNIVERSIDAD :: ESTUDIOS :: INVESTIGACION :: REL.INTERNACIONALES ::
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Subject Degree in Agri-Fodd and Rural Engineering
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SUBJECT DEGREE IN AGRI-FOOD AND RURAL ENGINEERING

 

FIRST YEAR

28900 Mathematics I

Year Semester Credits
1 1 6.0

 

Contents

TOPIC 1. Functions

TOPIC 2. Differential Calculus

TOPIC 3. Aplications of the derivatives

TOPIC 4. Matrix Calculus

TOPIC 5. Systems of  Linear Equations and Applications

TOPIC 6. Values and proper Vectors and Applications

 

28901 Physics I

Year Semester Credits
1 1 6.0

 

Theory programme

UNIT I: STATICS

Topic I.1. Statics of the particle. Equilibrium of the rigid solid.
Topic I.2. Shared forces: centres of gravity and moments of inertia of areas.
Topic I.3. Analysis of structures.
Topic I.4. Dry friction.


UNIT II: DYNAMICS

Topic II.1. Kinematics of particles.
Topic II.2. Kinetics of particles. Method of the energy of moments.
Topic II.3. Dynamics of rotation of the rigid solid.


UNIT III: MECHANICS OF SOLIDS AND FLUIDS


Topic III.1. Elasticity.
Topic III.2. Statics of fluids.
Topic III.3. Dynamics of fluids.

Programme of practicals

Practical 1.-  Statics


Practical 2.-  The simple pendulum and the torsion pendulum


Practical 3.-  Elasticity: Hooke’s Law and Young’s modulus


Practical 4.-  Measurement of densities and viscosities


Practical 5.-  Physical properties of liquids

28902 Chemistry I

Year Semester Credits
2 1 6.0

Theory programme

MODULE 1. PRELIMINARY CONCEPTS

Topic 1. Formulation and nomenclature of inorganic chemistry.

Names and symbols of the elements. Oxidation number. Binary compounds. Acids. Salts and saline compounds. Addition compounds.

Topic 2. Stoichiometry and chemical equations.

Chemical equations.  Limiting reagent.  Yield. Stoichiometric calculations.

MODULE 2. ESTADOS DE LA MATERIA

Topic 3. The gaseous state

Pressure and temperature in the changes of state of matter. The gaseous state. The laws of gases. The ideal gases. Mixtures of gases and partial pressures. The real gases: deviations from ideal behaviour of the gases. Cubic equations of state. Van der Waal’s equation.

Topic 4. The liquid state

Characteristics of the liquid state. Properties of liquids. Viscosity and surface tension. Vapour pressure.

Topic 5 The solid state

Characteristics of the solid state. Crystalline structure of solids. Changes of phase and energies associated with the distinct transitions between the states of matter. Phase diagrams.

MODULE 3. THERMODYNAMICS AND CHEMICAL KINETICS

Topic 6. Thermodynamics.

Basic definitions: systems and variables of thermodynamic states. Internal energy: enthalpy and entropy. Principles of thermodynamics. Thermochemistry: Hess’s Law.

Topic 7. Thermodynamics applied to the study of systems of agricultural interest.

Thermodynamic properties of air. Dry air and humidity of air. Vapour pressure and saturation pressure of humid air. Dew point temperature. Absolute, relative and specific humidities. Enthalpy of humid air. Psychrometric diagrams: Mollier’s and Carrier’s diagrams. Applications: heating and cooling of air. Humidification of air.

Topic 8. Chemical kinetics

Factors which influence the speed of a chemical reaction. Speed of chemical reactions. Equation of velocity and the integration of kinetic equations of simple orders. Half-life of a reagent. Temperature and speed of reaction.  Arrhenius equation. Activation energy. Catalysis and catalysts.

MODULE 4. SOLUTIONS AND EQUILIBRIUMS

Topic 9. Solutions

Expressions of concentration. Use of solutions in chemical reactions. Relation: temperature to solubility. Colligative properties. Colloids.

 Topic 10. Chemical equilibrium

Homogeneous equilibrium. Heterogeneous equilibrium. Constants of equilibrium and related calculations. Chatelier’s Principle.

 Topic 11. Acids and bases

The acid-base concept of Arrhenius. The acid-base concept of Bronsted. Acid-base properties of water. Ionic product of water. Concept of pH. Strong and weak electrolytes. Constants of ionization. Resolution of problems of ionization and pH. Acid-base properties of salts, Hydrolysis.

 Topic 12.Acid-base equilibriums

Effect of the common ion. Absorbing solution. Valuations. Indicators.

Topic 13. Equilibriums of Solubility.

Concept of solubility and modes of expressing it. Effect of the common ion on solubility. pH and solubility. Complex ion equilibrium and solubility.

Topic 14. Redox equilibriums.

Redox reactions and equilibriums. Standard potential of electrode. Electrochemical cells. Spontaneity in redox reactions

Batteries. Corrosion. Electrolysis

Programme of practicals

Practical 1. Determination of the hardness of water.

Practical 2. Conductivity of electrolytes. Kohlraush’s Law.

Practical 3. Kinetics of a chemical reaction.

Practical 4. Solutions. Preparation of a solution. Concentration of solutions.

Practical 5. Distillation of a commercial wine. Determination of the alcoholic content.

Practical 6.Acid-base equilibriums in solution. Indicators. Acid-base reactions.

28903 Informatics I

Year Semester Credits
2 1 6.0

Programme of theory

Unit I: Basic informatics

1.- Introduction

2.- Hardware and Software

     2.1  Hardware

     2.2  Data display

     2.3  Software

     2.4  Networks

3.- Algorithms

      3.1  Introduction to algorithms

      3.2  Algorithms and programming

      3.3  Algorithms, programmes and programming languages

      3.4  Syntax and semantics

Unit II: Informatics Tools in General Use

1.- Spreadsheets- Excel

2.- Relational model - SQL

3.- Databases - Access

Unit III: Programming

1.- Fundamentals of programming.

2.- Basic steps in programming.

3.- Modular programming. Procedures and functions.

4.- Data structures. Vectors and registers.

5.- Files. – File processing with Access

Programme of practicals

Unit I: Basic informatics

- Exercises/problems – numeration bases

- Exercises on algorithms

 Unit II: Informatics Tools in General Use

Excel

 - To be completed - conditional exercises: searches, filters, goal seek, solver

 - All types of graphs will be produced and curve adjustments made

 Access

-    Creation and maintenance of a database. Application to agriculture and cattle farming

-    Application of the relational model

-    SQL exercises

Unit III: Programming

- Five practicals will be completed corresponding to the five topics into which this unit has been divided.

The practicals or exercises should be presented during the four month period (term) on the dates indicated.  The exercises are individual.

The eligibility to write the interim exams and the final evaluation is conditional upon the completion of the practicals.

The practicals will take place in the IT laboratory and be supervised by the professor. Attendance is not compulsory, allowing the student to complete the exercises at home if a computer is available there. The necessary software will be provided.

In addition there will be an end-of-course group exercise. Groups will be made up of three students. Each group will be assigned the development of an informatics application or part of an application.

28904 Geology, pedology and climatology

Year Semester Credits
2 1 6.0

 

Programme of theory

GEOLOGY

UNIT I. - INTRODUCTION

  1. The Earth sciences.

  2. The importance of geology to Food and Agricultural Engineering.

  3. Geology as a science.

  4. Stratigraphy (strata, fossils, evolution, historical geology).

  5. Geological time.

UNIT 2. - INTERNAL GEODYNAMICS AND PLATE TECTONICS

  1. Geochemical structure and the composition of the Earth.

  2. Plate tectonics.

  3. Deformation of the crust: folds, faults, joints.

 UNIT 3. - MINERALOGY.

  1. Concepts of mineral and crystal.

  2. Properties of minerals.

  3. Classification of minerals.

  4. Descriptive mineralogy.

UNIT 4. - PETROLOGY.

  1. Concept of rock. Processes of rock formation.

  2. Igneous rocks. Bowen’s series. The most important igneous rocks.

  3. Metamorphic rock. Metamorphic facies The most important metamorphic rocks.

  4. Sedimentary rocks and their classification. The most important sedimentary rocks.

 UNIT 5. - HYDROGEOLOGY

  1. The water cycle.

  2. Surface waters.

  3. Underground waters.

  4. Aquifers, Types.

UNIT 6. - EXTERNAL GEODYNAMICS.

  1. Processes and determining factors od the relief model.

  2. Morphoclimactic systems.

  3. Weathering.

  4. The influence of lithology and geologic structures on relief.

  5. River channels and slopes.

  6. Modelling of the arid zones.

  7. Evolution of the landscape.

EDAPHOLOGY

UNIT 1. – Introduction to Edaphology

  1. The soil: concept and definition

  2. Components of the soil

  3. Factors of formation

  4. Concern of the study of the soil

  5. Edaphology as a science

UNIT 2. – The soil profile

  1. Basic concepts: profile, horizon, pedión , polipedión

  2. The pedion and the genetic horizons

  3. Nomenclature of the genetic horizons.

UNIT 3. – Mineral components of the soil

  1. The mineral fraction

  2. Minerals of the soil

  3. Silicated minerals

    1. Phylosilicates:  the clays

  4. Non-silicated minerals

  5. Stability of the minerals in the soil

    1. Factors which affect stability

  6. Origin of the minerals

  7. Granulometric fractions

UNIT 4. – ORGANIC COMPONENTS OF THE SOIL

  1. The organic matter of the soil: components

  2. Organic content of the soil

  3. Evolution of the organic matter in the soil

  4. Properties of the organic matter in the soil

  5. Humic substances

  6. Types of humus

  7. Organ-mineral compounds

UNIT 5. – PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SOIL

  1. Texture

  2. Structure

  3. Porosity

  4. Density

  5. Consistency

  6. Colour

  7. Depth of soil

  8. Water retention capacity

  9. Movement of water in the soil

UNIT 6. – SOIL CHEMICAL PROPRIETIES

         1. Soil chemistry

         2. Ion exchange capacity

         3. Ions in soil solution.  Base saturation theory

         4. Soil reaction

CLIMATOLOGY

UNIT 1. – fundamentals of climatology

  1. The Earth in space

  2. Reception and emission of radiant energy

  3. Distribution of the energy

  4. The atmosphere 

UNIT 2 – ELEMENTS OF CLIMATE

  1. Illumination and temperature

  2. Pressure and winds

  3. Water in the atmosphere

  4. Consequences of the atmospheric dynamics

Programme of practicals

Geology practicals

Practical 1. - Visual recognition of minerals.

Practical 2. - Visual recognition of igneous rocks .

Practical 3. - Visual recognition of sedimentary rocks.

Practical 4. - Visual recognition of metamorphic rocks.

Practical 5. - Other techniques for identifying minerals and rocks.

Practical 6. - Geological mapping

Practical 7. - Calculation and graphing of water balances.

Edaphology Practicals

Practical 1: Taking field samples.

Practical 2: Sample preparation. Sieved, calculation of fine and thick fractions.

Practical 3: Effects of the structure of the soil.

Practical 4: Soli colour.

Practical 5: Soil texture

Practical 6: Soil chemical test on structural stability

Practical 7-8: Open laboratory for group work in the examination and determination of soil core samples

Climatology Practical

  • Practical 1: Consequences of atmospheric dynamics, information and prediction.

  (final task)

 

28905 Mathematics II

Year Semester Credits
2 2 6.0

 Contents

TOPIC 1.Integral Calculus

TOPIC 2. Differential Equations and Partial Derivates

TOPIC 3.  Differential Geometry

28906 Physics II

Year Semester Credits
2 2 6.0

Theory

UNIT 1. - THERMODYNAMICS

Topic I.1. Temperature and Heat. Heat transfers

Topic I.2. The First Law of Thermodynamics

Topic I.3. The Second Law of Thermodynamics

UNIT II. - ELECTROMAGNETISM

Topic II.1. Electrostatics

Topic II.2. Continuous current circuits

Topic II.3. Magnetostatics

Topic II.4. Electromagnetic field

UNIT III. - WAVES

Topic III.1. Waves in solids and fluids

Topic III.2. Electromagnetic waves

Practicals

States of Aggregation

Calorific energy

Multimeter and oscilloscope

Ohm’s Law and the relationship to resistance

Charge and discharge of a condenser

28907 Chemistry II

Year Semester Credits
2 2 6.0

 

Theory

TOPIC 1: FORMULATION AND NOMENCLATURE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTY

Saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  Halides. Alcohols. Ethers. Amines. Nitriles. Nitrocompounds. Aldehydes. Ketones.  Carboxylic acids and their salts. Esters. Anhydrides. Acid halides. Amides.

TOPIC 2: INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Carbon and its compounds. Sources of organic compounds. Isolation and identification of organic compounds. Classification of organic compounds. Isomers and stereochemistry.Reactions in organic chemistry.

TOPIC 3: BALANCES OF IONIC EXCHANGE

Natural and synthetic materials and the exchange of ions. Balances of ionic exchange. Application of ion-exchange resins. Ionic exchange in the soil.

TOPIC 4: COLLOIDS

Generalizations. Colloidal systems of the soil.

Topic 5: THE PLANT, THE SOIL AND FERTILIZERS

Types of nutrients.

TOPIC 6: NITROGEN

Nitrogen. Nitrogenous fertilzers.

TOPIC 7: PHOSPHOROUS

Generalizations. Phosphated fertilizers.

TOPIC 8: POTASSIUM

Generalizations. Potassium fertilizers.

TOPIC 9: PESTICIDES

Definition. Classification. Historical development. The pesticide industry. Need for theuse of pesticides. Properties of pesticides. Distribution in the soils. Degradation. Toxicity.

Practicals

1. Seminar on organic nomenclature.

2. Identification of functional groups.

3. Determining the content of carbon and organic material of a soil.

4. Determining sulphate of ammonia in fertilzers.

5. Saponification: obtaining a soap.

6. Organic synthesis of an attractor.

28908 Graphic Expression

Year Semester Credits
2 1 6.0

 

Contents

 0.- Presentation of the subject

 1.- Metric and projective geometry: basic elements, tangencies (Apollonius’s problems), technical curves. Homologies: characteristic elements.

 2.- Descriptive geometry: the Diedric system of orthographic projections. Development of the system.

 3.- Descriptive geometry: Survey system. Topographic applications...

 4.- Normalization of the industrial drawing: representation of pieces: views, sections, sketches.

 5.- Isometric and Caballera perspectives

 6.- Marginal notes of plans. Dimensional and geometric tolerances.

 7.- I.T. tools 

28909 Biology

Year Semester Credits
2 1 6.0

Theory

15 sessions (30 classroom hours) in which the following themes will be studied:

 A) Molecular genetics


1- The genome. Levels of organization.  The prokaryotic genome and organular genomes. The nuclear eukaryotic genome: sizes, structure, function. Repetitive DNA’s and simple copy and low copy DNA’s. Genes and genetic families.


2-  Replication of the DNA. Fundamentals and mechanism of replication. The replisome.  Repairing the DNA and mutations by substitution. Mutagenic agents.


3- Transcription of DNA to RNAs (
Ribonucleic acids). Mechanisms of transcription. The maturing of the eukaryotic RNAs. Post-transcriptional alterations. Packaging of the ribosomal sub-units.


4- Translation. Characteristics of the genetic code. Variations of the code.  Protean synthesis into prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Mechanisms and cellular location.


5- Mechanisms of regulation of the genetic expression. Regulation of the transcription in prokaryotes: cascade of sigma factors, operon. Regulation of the transcription in eukaryotes: heterochromatization. Editing function of the RNA messenger.

B) Reproduction


6-The eukaryotic cellular cycle. Phases of division and interphase. Mitotic cellular division. Cellular division in animals and plants. Mitotic mutagenes. Meiotic cellular division. Meiotic divisions I and II: phases and mechanisms. Genetic meaning of meiosis: recombination and chromosomal reduction in gametogenesis.


7- Sexual reproduction in animals. Spermatogenesis and oogenesis. Hormonal control of gametogenesis. Fertilization.


8- Sexual reproduction in plants. The flower. Formation of gametophytes and masculine and feminine gametes. Pollination.


9- Self-incompatibility. Asexual reproduction: vegetative reproduction and apomixes. The  agamic complex.

C) Physiology and Metabolism


10- Animal and plant development. Embryogenesis (blastulation, gastrulation, neurulation). Genetic and hormonal control of animal development.


11- Development of the seed. Dormancy and germination. Plant hormonal regulators. Photoreceptors.


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2- Photosynthesis I. Photosynthetic pigments. Photochemistry of the reactions of electronic transport.   Photophosphorylation.


13- Photosynthesis II. Fixation of CO2 and synthesis of carbohydrates. Metabolic routes C3, C4 and CAM. Photosynthetic rates. Alterations of photosynthesis in the face of diverse stresses.


14- Physiology and metabolism of nitrogen. Bacterial fixation of N2. Symbiosis with nitrogen fixers. Absorption of nitrate and reductions of nitrate and nitrite in plants. The agronomic importance of nitrogen assimilation in plants.

D) Ecology

15- Ecology. Ecology of populations. Exponential and logistic models of the growth of populations. Ecology of ecosystems. Ecologic succession. Flow of energy, structure and trophic levels of the ecosystem. Overexploitation of natural resources.

Practicals

15 sessions (30 classroom hours) in which the following themes will be studied:

1- Concepts of microscopy: optical and electron microscopy.

2- Electron microscopy: interpretation of electron slides of animal and plant tissue.

3- Observation of eukaryotic cells: the animal cell and the plant cell.

4- Observation and identification of plastids.

5- Cultivation and identification of bacteria. The Gram technique. Sporing bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

6- Observation of fungal structures.  Recognition of fungi.

7- The genetic code.

8- Mitosis. Observation of the mitotic phases.

9- Elaboration of karyotypes.

10- Meiosis. Observation of the meiotic phases.

11- Sexual reproduction and the embryonic development in animals and higher plants.  Observation of gamete cells of animals and plant gametophytes. Observation of the embryonic development in animals and plants.

12- Enzyme activities I. Hydrolytic enzymes. Detection of enzymatic activity of invertase and  amylase.

13- Enzyme activities II. Plant defences against  phytophages. Breakdown of cyanogenic glycosides.

14- Extraction and separation of photosynthetic pigments.

15- Photosynthesis: the Hill reaction.

 

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©2020 Universidad de Zaragoza (Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 ZARAGOZA-ESPAÑA | Tfno. información: (34) 976-761000)
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